Wednesday, February 24, 2021

Network for the Study of Archaic and Classical Greek Song

[First posted in AWOL 27 October 2010, updated 24 February 2021]

Network for the Study of Archaic and Classical Greek Song

Welcome to the website of the Network for the Study of Archaic and Classical Greek Song. The Network was founded in 2007 at the initiative of Ewen Bowie (University of Oxford) and André Lardinois (Radboud University Nijmegen) with the aim of promoting the exchange of information and ideas between scholars engaged in the study of archaic and classical lyric, elegiac and iambic poetry.

Today, it is overseen by Lucia Athanassaki (University of Crete) and Timothy Power (Rutgers University), who act as the Network’s choragoi, and its principal activity is the organisation of annual conferences on themes identified as key to advancement of the field by an international team of core members or choreutai.

Additionally, this website hosts a Bibliography of scholarship on Greek song published by its members and additional resources from around the web.

The Nahrein Network: New Ancient History Research for Education in Iraq and its Neighbours

 [First posted in AWOL 27 October 2017, updated 24 February 2021]

The Nahrein Network fosters the sustainable development of antiquity, cultural heritage and the humanities in Iraq and its neighbours. We support interdisciplinary research to enable universities, museums, and community groups to better serve local, post-conflict needs.

The Network is based at University College London, Sulaimani Polytechnic University, Al-Qadisiyah University, and the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. It also has many international partners. We are funded for four years, 2017-21, by the UK Arts and Humanities Research Council and the Global Challenges Research Fund Network Plus scheme.

Proxeny Networks of the Ancient World (a database of proxeny networks of the Greek city-states)

Proxeny Networks of the Ancient World  (a database of proxeny networks of the Greek city-states)


PNAW is a database of evidence for a particular kind of social networking between Greek city-states in the Ancient Greek world, known as proxeny (Greek: proxenia). It enables this material to be used to visualise the highly-fragmented political geography of the ancient world during the Archaic, Classical, and Hellenistic periods, and to get a sense of how densely and intensely interconnected were the states which made it up.


Before its unification under a Roman emperor, the ancient Mediterranean world constituted the most fragmented state system in recorded history. More than a thousand distinct Greek city-states (poleis), and many other kinds of actor, such as dynasts, federations, and kings, made up a vibrant and dynamic ecosystem of self-governing states. The interactions of these states were mediated through a highly developed system of institutions. Proxeny is the best attested of these institutions, and was probably the most widely used. It enabled cities to maintain substantial and often widespread networks that connected them with other cities.


Proxeny was an institution of interstate relations in the ancient Greek world. A city-state granted proxeny to the citizen of another community, the status of being their proxenos within that individual's home city. The role of the proxenos was to facilitate interaction between the two political communities, most often by performing services of different kinds for visiting citizens of the first state (termed here the 'granting city'). These services could take various forms - including hospitality, introductions to magistrates, prominent men, or merchants, and help negotiating local legal institutions in the case of contractual disputes. Collectively these services helped to enable citizens of the granting community in question to overcome the political fragmentation of this world and function, whether as official representatives of their own city, or as merchants, tradesmen, or even as tourists, in other communities where they did not have the privileged status of citizen. Proxeny networks, therefore, reflect and allow us to trace patterns of political, economic, and social interactions between city states, and to trace the horizons of different political communities.


PNAW presents an overview of our evidence for these relationships of proxeny in the ancient world, including those recorded in the literary sources as well as the more than two thousand texts inscribed on stone. It accompanies the recent study of this institution published by Oxford University Press, Proxeny and Polis and its purpose is to make this material available in an accessible format which can be corrected and updated as new evidence is published. It makes use of GIS mapping to enable the evidence of links between different communities which this data presents to be explored in an intuitive way. In order to make the search function useable, results are presented in a condensed view with further information available in the form of mouseover dialogue boxes. To illustrate the potential of the search and mapping functions of this database, here are some example searches:

Tuesday, February 23, 2021

Biblingual: Biblical Languages and Linguistics

Hi everyone! My name is Travis. I'm a PhD student and historical linguist at the University of Cambridge studying the Septuagint (Greek translation of the Old Testament), and I'm also the Director of Biblingo Live ( My mission is to revitalise passion and interest in the languages of the Bible by helping you learn them more naturally and effectively. 

The Greek Text of John 1:1-9 Read with Modern Greek Pronunciation

113 views1 month ago

And see also AWOL's  list of
Open Access Textbooks and Language Primers Relating to the Ancient World


Monday, February 22, 2021

Photos Egypte


Photographies de l'Égypte antique, prises sur place en Égypte et dans les collections égyptiennes des musées.

Copyright Alain Guilleux. Les textes et photographies présents sur ce site sont la propriété exclusive de leur auteur.
Aucun texte ou photographie ne peut être reproduit, modifié, diffusé sans autorisation préalable.
Toute fraude ou abus sera facturé avec majoration, conformément aux mentions légales et conditions générales.


Open Access Journal: Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Studies

[Most recently updated 22 February 2021]

Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Studies
ISSN: 2159-3159
GRBS is a peer-reviewed quarterly journal devoted to the culture and history of Greece from Antiquity to the Renaissance, featuring research on all aspects of the Hellenic world from prehistoric antiquity through the Greek, Roman, and Byzantine periods, including studies of modern classical scholarship.

Vol 61, No 1 (2021)

Table of Contents


Roy van Wijk
pp. 1-25
Ilaria Andolfi
pp. 26-33
Mikolaj Domaradzki
pp. 34-61
Michael Wesley Zellmann-Rohrer, David Martínez-Chico
pp. 62-72
Marco Cristini
pp. 73-84
Juan Carlos Iglesias-Zoido
pp. 85-109


Vol 60, No 1 (2020)

Open Access Monograph Series: McDonald Institute Monographs & Conversations

The McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research exists to further research by Cambridge archaeologists and their collaborators into all aspects of the human past, across time and space. It supports archaeological fieldwork, archaeological science, material culture studies, and archaeological theory in an interdisciplinary framework. The Institute is committed to supporting new perspectives and ground-breaking research in archaeology and publishes peer-reviewed books of the highest quality across a range of subjects in the form of fieldwork monographs (McDonald Institute Monographs) and thematic edited volumes (McDonald Institute Conversations).

And see See AWOL's Alphabetical List of Open Access Monograph Series in Ancient Studies

The Evolution of Fragility: Setting the Terms

Edited by Norman Yoffee 

Explanations for the collapse of early states (and complex societies) often assume that they were integrated and stable until something bad happened, usually environmental change or because enemies overwhelmed them. In fact, many of these early states lasted a relatively short time, at least in archaeological reckoning. Others were longer-lived, but struggled to overcome structural weaknesses that eventually resulted in the fragmentation or a large-scale undoing of political orders. Rulers who attempted to institute mechanisms of control often laid the conditions for resistance and the disintegration of their regimes. The central theme of this volume is to undermine some traditional themes that naturalize the state and legitimize its historical claims to permanence.


Norman Yoffee is professor emeritus in the Departments of Near Eastern Studies and Anthropology, University of Michigan. His latest book is the edited Volume 3 in The Cambridge World History, Early Cities in Comparative Perspective, 4000 bce-1200 ce (2015). He is also the series editor of Cambridge World Archaeology. He lives in Santa Fe, New Mexico.


    Exhibition: Fish, Fishing, and Fish Stories From Antiquity - Antik Çağ’da Balık, Balıkçılık ve Balık Hikayeleri

    The Mediterranean Sea is a very important in terms of its rich and diverse fish resources. In particular, the journey of migratory fish in schools from one sea to another can be followed even with the naked eye from time to time. The processes and activities that various species of fish or sea creatures undergo throughout this journey to reach the dinner table led to the emergence of fishing as a commercial venture. While fish were caught using different means in ancient times, today this need can be met by “fish farms.”

    The fossils of fish and other sea creatures as well as fishing hooks and similar tools dating to the Prehistoric period (ca. 40.000-10.000 BC) have been found in archaeological excavations. Wall and vase paintings, reliefs and archaeological finds from Near Eastern civilizations such as Mesopotamia and Egypt, where the first states emerged (Bronze Age, ca. 3000-1200 BC), provide a rich picture of the diversity of fish and fishing in that period. The seas that surround Anatolia – Black, Marmara, Aegean and Mediterranean – as well as the straits that connect these seas, were very important food sources for both Anatolia and other surrounding civilizations. Undoubtedly, settlements far from the sea were able to meet their fish needs from those in freshwater lakes and rivers.

    The Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations (3rd and 2nd millennium BC), which flourished in the Aegean world, produced wall and vase paintings that present the most beautiful repertoire of sea creatures in the Aegean and the Mediterranean Seas. Likewise, the art of the Mycenaean civilization (2nd millennium BC), which flourished in Greece, is also very rich and interesting in its depiction of sea creatures. Regarding the ancient Greek and Roman civilizations, our knowledge of fish and fisheries increases, for fishing had become an industry. Literary sources inform us about various topics such as fishing, fish recipes, serving fish, preserving fish as canned food, fish sauces, and fish importing and exporting. Mosaics of the Roman Imperial period reveal the fish repertoire of the period, and scenes related to fishing are almost like photo frames.

    This exhibition takes you on a short journey through our seas in Antiquity. You will meet different types of sea creatures such as fish, dolphins, mussels and snails, and hear their stories. You will find answers to many questions about how they were caught and consumed as food.