Monday, January 18, 2021

Wissenschaft im Alten Ägypten

Wissenschaft im Alten Ägypten

Das pharaonische Ägypten stellt eine der prägenden Kulturen der Alten Welt dar. Bis heute übt die Kenntnis der Alten Ägypter von Einzelphänomenen und ihren Bedeutungszusammenhängen eine große Faszination auf die Menschen der modernen Zeit aus. Einen Zugang zum altägyptischen Wissen können wir auch über 1500 Jahre nach dem Untergang dieser Hochkultur mittels der überlieferten Texte erhalten, denn sie stellen nichts Geringeres als eine schon früh verschriftliche Form ihres Wissens dar. Da die antiken Wissenstexte nicht nur für Ägyptologen von Interesse sind, sondern auch von Wissenschaftlern anderer Fachgebiete analysiert werden, ist es das Ziel dieses Projekts, die verschiedenen Bereiche altägyptischen Wissens samt ihren jeweiligen Textzeugen öffentlich zugänglich zu machen. Die gesammelten Metadaten zu den einzelnen Wissenstexten werden dabei zusammen mit einer umfassenden Bibliographie bereitgestellt. Darüber hinaus bietet diese Internetplattform eine dem aktuellen Forschungsstand entsprechende Übersetzung der einzelnen Wissenstexte, die auch von Interessenten ohne ägyptologische Vorkenntnisse konsultiert werden kann.

 

 

News from Das wissenschaftliche Bibellexikon im Internet (WiBiLex)

The following additions have been added recently to Das wissenschaftliche Bibellexikon im Internet (WiBiLex)

Alabaster (Jennifer Zimni); Behüten (Franziska Ede); Dur-Katlimmu (Hartmut Kühne); Gier (Jutta Noetzel); Haar / Haartracht (Mathias Winkler); Ham (Jan Gertz); Hethiter (Piotr Taracha); Horiter / Hurriter (Charles Steitler); Hupfeld, Hermann (Martin Mulzer); Kalk / Kalkstein (Jennifer Zimni); Königsbesitz / Krongut (Ann-Kathrin Knittel); Krippe (Peter Riede); Leben / naefaesch (Jürgen van Oorschot); Lohn / Lohnarbeit (Rainer Kessler); Midian / Midianiter (Detlef Jericke);  Pentapolis (Walter Dietrich); Potifar / Potifera (Rüdiger Lux); Reichsteilung (Frank Ueberschaer); Schelten (Nina Beerli); Stock / Stab / Stecken (Klaus Koenen); Theriomorphismus / Tiergestaltigkeit Gottes (Evelyne Martin); Trauma / Traumatheorie (Dominik Markl); Universalismus / Partikularismus (Ruth Ebach); Vergessen (Meike Röhrig); Wirtschaft (Christa Schäfer-Lichtenberger)

 

Sunday, January 17, 2021

Open Access Journal: Arqueología Iberoamericana

 [First posted in AWOL 19 January 2010. Updated 7 January 2021]

Arqueología Iberoamericana
ISSN: 1989-4104
http://www.laiesken.net/arqueologia/images/ai2.jpg
ARQUEOLOGIA IBEROAMERICANA is a peer-reviewed international scientific journal, open access, devoted to the archaeological study of prehistoric, protohistoric, ancient and historical societies of Latin America, United States, the Iberian Peninsula, the Philippines, and other Iberian countries, whose primary objective is to serve the research community with the highest quality and speed and non-profit one.
It publishes online, four times a year in PDF electronic format, research and theoretical articles and monographs on the archaeology of the American, Iberian and Filipino peoples. Spanish, English and Portuguese are the main languages.
Its income comes solely from donations made by contributors and readers, who thus acquire the status of sponsors of the journal.
History
Founded in early 2009 by Pascual Izquierdo-Egea, ARQUEOLOGIA IBEROAMERICANA has published four issues so far, a total of 11 articles of medium or large length corresponding to 23 authors, 233 pages in A4 PDF format in two columns, 166 figures – many of them in full color – and 19 tables. It also has 100 contributors from fifteen countries.
ARQUEOLOGIA IBEROAMERICANA es una revista científica arbitrada, internacional e independiente, de acceso abierto, dedicada al estudio arqueológico de las sociedades prehistóricas, protohistóricas, antiguas e históricas de Iberoamérica, Estados Unidos, la Península Ibérica, las Filipinas y otros países ibéricos, cuyo objetivo primordial es servir a la comunidad investigadora con la máxima calidad y rapidez y sin fin de lucro.
Publica cuatro veces al año, a través de Internet y en formato electrónico, artículos, ensayos y monografías sobre la arqueología de los pueblos americanos, ibéricos y filipinos. Español, portugués e inglés son las lenguas principales de la revista.
Sus ingresos proceden exclusivamente de donativos efectuados por colaboradores y lectores, quienes adquieren así la condición de patrocinadores de la revista.
Historia
Fundada a principios de 2009 por Pascual Izquierdo Egea, ARQUEOLOGIA IBEROAMERICANA ha publicado cuatro números hasta el presente, con un total de 11 artículos de mediana o gran extensión correspondientes a 23 autores, 233 páginas en formato PDF A4 a dos columnas, 166 figuras —muchas de ellas a todo color— y 19 tablas. Además, cuenta con 100 colaboradores provenientes de una quincena de países.

ARCHIVO • índice de autoresenglish

VOLUMEN 47 • JUNIO 2021

Arqueol. Iberoam.
Conjeturas en torno a la ruptura del modelo urbanístico altoimperial en Hispania: la fase tardoantonina y primoseveriana (138-211 d. C.)
Diego Romero Vera
Fecha de publicación: 26-1-2021, pp. 41-ss.


Arqueol. Iberoam.
Continuidad y transformación en las ciudades hispanorromanas del siglo II d. C.: la fase trajano-adrianea (98-138 d. C.)
Diego Romero Vera
Fecha de publicación: 19-1-2021, pp. 31-40.


Arqueol. Iberoam.
Diego Romero Vera
Fecha de publicación: 12-1-2021, pp. 26-30.


Arqueol. Iberoam.
Benjamín Cutillas Victoria
Fecha de publicación: 7-1-2021, pp. 18-25.


Arqueol. Iberoam.
María Soledad Solórzano-Venegas
Fecha de publicación: 4-1-2021, pp. 3-17.



The Minerva Center for the Relations between Israel and Aram in Biblical Times

https://static.wixstatic.com/media/005c54_baa5aaedaa514573bc519b7164cc3c03~mv2.jpg/v1/crop/x_138,y_32,w_1459,h_1436/fill/w_238,h_222,al_c,q_80,usm_0.66_1.00_0.01/Minerva%20Logo.webp

Overview of the Minerva Center for the Relations between Israel and Aram in Biblical Times (RIAB)

Co-directed by Prof. Aren M. Maeir (BIU) and Prof. Angelika Berlejung (University of Leipzig)

Introduction:

The cultures of Israel and of Aram are two of the most important cultures of the ancient eastern Mediterranean (and the ancient world in general), not only in the fact that they played crucial roles during early periods (and are extensively portrayed in the biblical text), but as they are among the few cultures of antiquity (not only in the Levant but in the entire world) whose cultural patrimony exists until today. As it is clear that these two cultures were intimately connected throughout major periods of their development, the study of the character and extent of the interconnections and mutual influences between these two cultures is of deep interest.

To this end, the Minerva Foundation, of the German Max Planck Society, has awarded a Minerva Center, entitled “The Relations between Israel and Aram in Biblical Times (RIAB)” to Prof. Aren M. Maeir of Bar-Ilan University and Prof. Angelika Berlejung from the University of Leipzig (who will serve as co-directors of the center). The center will include scholars from Bar-Ilan University (Prof. Esti Eshel, Dr. Yigal Levin and Dr. Leeor Gottlieb), the University of Leipzig (Prof. Andreas Schuele, Prof. Michael Streck, Prof. Marco Frenschkowski and Dr. Takaoshi Oshima), Würzburg University (Prof. Guenther Vittmann), the Hebrew University of Jerusalem (Dr. Nili Wazana and Dr. Nava Panitz-Cohen) and Tel Aviv University (Dr. Omer Sergi).

Saturday, January 16, 2021

Open Access Journal: UNIMUSEUM

UNIMUSEUM
Cover Image
UNIMUSEUM is an international, scientific, open access periodical published in accordance with independent, un- biased, and double-blinded peer-review principles. The journal is the official publication of NikArt and International University Museums Association and it is published twice a year. The publication languages of the journal are English and Turkish.
  1. IRAK ULUSAL MÜZESİNDEKİ İSLAM DÖNEMİ MİHRABLARI
    Pages 57 - 67
    Gülcan ÖZBEK, Ömer Avni YUNUS
  2. I. ORTAM ODAKLI SANATTA TARİHSEL SÜREÇ: İŞLEVSEL ORTAM ODAKLILIK
    Pages 68 - 74
    Özlem VARGÜN
  3. Çağdaş sanat müzelerinin kent kültürüne etkisi: Tate Modern ve Arter örneği
    Pages 75 - 81
    Hatice UTKAN OZDEN
  4. Guggenheim Müzesi’nin Unesco Dünya Kültür Mirası Listesine Alınması Kapsamında ABD’nin UNESCO Üyeliği’nin Değerlendirilmesi
    Pages 82 - 86
    Rıdvan GÖLCÜK, Kemal ÇİBUK
  5. TARİHİ YAPILARA MÜZE İŞLEVİNİN VERİLMESİ KAPSAMINDA TOKAT (ARASTALI BEDESTEN) MÜZESİ ÖRNEĞİ
    Pages 87 - 95
    Ayşenur SEZGİN ÖZRİLİ

 

Dodona Online (DOL): Towards a New Edition of the lamellae of the Oracle at Dodona

 [First posted in AWOL 11 April 2017, updated 16 January 2021]

Dodona Online (DOL): Towards a New Edition of the lamellae of the Oracle at Dodona
AMI 1724_bis.jpg
Dodona Online (DOL) is a project whose main aim is to edit online all the oracular questions from Dodona. It will first include the 4216 new lamellae from the Evangelidis’ excavations, whose edition, which was long prepared by late researchers I. Vokotopoulou, S. Dakaris and A.-Ph. Christidis, was eventually published in 2013, thanks to the devoted efforts of S. Tselikas. Montreal is the epicentre of the project, but the team itself is scattered all over the world, mainly in Europe. It gathers the most eminent scholars of the Dodonaean field, Greek epigraphy, and Greek religion. Dodona online will eventually be hosted by the Perseus Digital Library, which will allow a worldwide, quick, free, and open access to the material.


The Glaser Collection :3D-Digitizing of Rare Ancient South Arabian Squeezes, 19th Century Glaser Collection

 [First posted in AWOL 5 August 2017, updated 16 January 2021]

The Glaser Collection

 
The collection of the Austrian scholar and explorer Eduard Glaser (1855-1908) was acquired in 1910 by the Academy of Sciences in Vienna. The epigrapher and specialist in the South-Arabian language brought back a huge amount of medieval Arabic manuscripts, and stone inscriptions, nowadays spread over Europe, as well as squeezes of the non-transportable ones, photographs, glass-negatives, diaries, and notes of historical importance. The Academy owns the latter precious documents of the 1880s and 1890s and within this project they are going to be digitally preserved and partly scientifically analyzed. Moreover, the international scholarly community – most of the researchers in this field are abroad – could participate and benefit from the digital items, either to download in high quality or to contribute their results of research. They will mark one further step towards the integration of the History and Culture of South Arabia within the field of ancient Near Eastern studies and will help to give a fuller historical background from the early first millennium BCE till the rise of Islam. This applies, above all, to the glass negatives and photographs with historical significance and the five unexplored diaries with their ethnological, historical and linguistic documentation. Another part will be the development of a linguistic text analyzing tool KALAM reloaded for the inscriptions written in closely related Semitic languages like Sabaic, Qatabānic, Minaic/Madhābian, and Ḥaḍramitic language that could help to better resolve illegible passages/letters, while giving the full grammatical information with translation. All these items, catalogued and searchable in a web-application, are going to be visualized in a geographical map-search.

scannerThe Scanning Process (by Moises Hernandez-Cordero)

The Structured from Motion method (SfM) has been selected for the scans of both sides of the 2155 squeezes left from the first project “Pilot-3D-Digitizing of Rare Ancient South Arabian Squeezes, 19th Century Glaser Collection”. This technique has been chosen after evaluating other possibilities (pulse based laser scanner, structured light scanner, arm based 3D scanners and Reflectance Transformation Imaging (RTI)). Time, accuracy and project resources are among the important elements that make this technique the best for the two-year period of the project. SfM is well known for the accuracy and good quality of the textures that can be achieved.

The workflow will use a photo tent for capturing of the data together with the markers for an accurate geometry. These elements will enhance accuracy, colour management and light parameters during the processing of the images. The Canon EOS5D Mark III with the Canon 50 mm lens is the camera used to capture the images. Agisoft Photoscan Pro 1.3.4 is the software selected to process the data and to create the 3D models with texture (obj format). Then, these will be exported on the 3D open source Meshlab 2016 to create an additional file (analyse file.png) with a filter (radiance scaling). At the end of the process, the files will have three important qualities of the squeezes collection, geometry, texture and an image file highlighting the most important features of the squeeze itself.