Tuesday, May 17, 2022

eAQUA: Extraktion von strukturiertem Wissen aus Antiken Quellen für die Altertumswissenschaft

 [First posted in AWOL 17 February 2015, updated 17 May 2022]

 eAQUA: Extraktion von strukturiertem Wissen aus Antiken Quellen für die Altertumswissenschaft

eaqua_logo_400.png, 32kB
Ziel des BMBF geförderten Projektes eAQUA (2008-2013) war die Anpassung und Nutzung von Verfahren des Text Mining für altgriechische und lateinische Texte. Algorithmenbasierte Verfahren der Textauswertung werden seit einigen Jahren erfolgreich auch für die Analyse altertumswissenschaftlicher Textcorpora angewendet, aber besonders die Anwendung auf griechische Texte stellt dabei - wegen der Eigenart der altgriechischen Sprache (Abbildung von Akzenten, morphologische Wortbildung, Satzstruktur etc.) - eine Neuheit und auch spezielle Herausforderung dar.

Im Rahmen der interdisziplinären Zusammenarbeit zwischen altertumswissenschaftlichen Fächern und der Informatik war das Ziel die Gewinnung von neuem strukturierten Wissen aus antiken bzw. frühneuzeitlichen Quellen und die Weiterentwicklung von Werkzeugen aus dem Bereich des Text Mining. Die hier verwendeten Suchmöglichkeiten (Kookkurrenzsuche, Zitationssuche) gehen über die üblichen Suchmöglichkeiten im Rahmen digitaler Bibliotheken hinaus und ermöglichen die Erschließung von Abhängigkeiten, Einflüssen und Transferwegen des Wissens in großem Umfang: Die Kookkurrenzsuche, vorrangig im eAQUA-Teilprojekt Projekt Atthidographen 2008-2011 entwickelt, zeigt semantische Zusammenhänge an, die Zitationssuche, vorrangig im eAQUA-Teilprojekt Platon 2008-2011 entwickelt, listet Textpassagen auf, die Parallelen zwischen einem Werk und dem gesamten Referenzcorpus darstellen. Beide Tools sind seit 2011 erheblich weiterentwickelt worden und werden hier ohne Zugangsbe- oder –einschränkungen zur Anwendung für frei zugängliche Textcorpora zur Verfügung gestellt.

Open Access Monograph Series: Tall Zira'a: Final publication of the excavations and surveys between 2001 and 2011

[First posted in AWOL 7 June 2020, updated 17 May 2022]

Tall Zira'a: Final publication of the excavations and surveys between 2001 and 2011

The results of the excavations at Tall Zira'a (2003–2011) and of the surveys will be published in english on this site.

We started with volume 1 in 2017 - the next volumes follow step by step.

Volume 1: Introduction

Aims of the ‘Gadara Region Project’;
Tall Zirā‘a and the Wādī al-‘Arab;
Research History of Tall Zirā‘a;
the 2001 Tall Zirā‘a Survey;
Scientific Methods;
Framework of Archaeological Work on Tall Zirā‘a.

ISBN: 978-3-579-08290-5

Volume 2: Early and Middle Bronze Age

Early Bronze Age I–III (3600–2300 BC),
Intermediate Period: (2300–1950 BC),
Middle Bronze Age II (1950–1550 BC),
Typology of Cooking Pots from the Early to the Middle Bronze Age,
Faunal Remains from Tall Zirā'a.

ISBN: 978-3-579-08291-2

Volume 6: Hellenistic to Umayyad Period

The Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine Pottery;
The Hellenistic to Ummayyad Glass Finds;
The Hellenistic to Islamic Metal Finds.

ISBN: 978-3-579-08295-0

Volume 8: Wādī al-̒Arab Survey

Historical Surveys Review;
Survey Findings 2009 - 2011

ISBN: 978-3-579-08297-4

Titles of the planned volumes

Volume 3: Late Bronze Age and Iron Age I (Strata 16–13)

Volume 4: Iron Age IIA/B and IIC (Strata 12–10)

Volume 5: From Persian to Umayyad Period (Strata 10–3). Stratigraphy

Volume 7: From Abbasid and Mamluk to Ottoman Period (Strata 2–1)

The 2018 and 2019 Excavation Seasons

Volume 9: The 2018 and 2019 Excavation Seasons

The Iron Age, Hellenistic and Early Roman Period in Area II

ISBN: 978-3-579-08298-1

And see AWOL's Alphabetical List of Open Access Monograph Series in Ancient Studies

Oral et écrit dans l'Antiquité orientale: les processus de rédaction et d'édition : Actes du colloque organisé par le Collège de France, Paris, les 26 et 27 mai 2016

The question of the place of orality in the production and transmission of the great literary traditions of the ancient Near East has been widely discussed since at least the 19th century. While the idea of a dichotomy between orality and writing, with the hypothesis of a first oral phase preceding the writing of texts, has long dominated historical reconstructions, recent work has placed more emphasis on the contemporaneity of orality and writing in textual composition, editing and transmission. The very idea of contemporaneity raises new questions regarding the articulation between oral and written, a complex interweaving that may take various forms, depending on the socio-historical and cultural contexts, the literary genres and the function of the texts. With the aim of deepening our understanding of such articulations, the colloquium "Orality and Writing in Eastern Antiquity: The Processes of Composition and Redaction" was held at the Collège de France on May 26-27, 2016. Taking a comparative perspective, the volume addresses different geographical areas, periods, and bodies of texts, thus offering a nuanced overview of the variety of possible interactions between orality and writing in the ancient Near East.
Item Type:Edited Scientific Work
Communities & Collections:01 Faculty of Theology > Institute of Religious Studies
Special Collections > Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis
Dewey Decimal Classification:200 Religion
Language:English, French
Deposited On:17 May 2022 15:03
Last Modified:17 May 2022 15:03
Series Name:Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis
Number of Pages:345
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Related URL. An embargo period may apply.
Related URLs:https://www.peeters-leuven.be/detail.php?search_key=9789042942646&series_number_str=291&lang=en

Monday, May 16, 2022

Multilingual Parallel Bible Corpus

[First posted in AWOL 21 February 2019, update (new host) 16 May 2022]

Multilingual Parallel Bible Corpus

This corpus is now a GitHub project. It is now much easier to submit corrections to the data or add new translations to the corpus.

Here you can find a multilingual parallel corpus created from translations of the Bible. This an effort to create a parallel corpus containing as many languages as possible that could be used for a number of NLP tasks. Using the Book, Chapter and Verse indices the corpus is aligned (almost) at a sentence level. (There are cases where two verses in one language are translated as one in another).

Following a similar effort by Philip Resnik and Mari Broman Olsen at the University of Maryland (website) I have encoded the text of each language in XML files using the Corpus Encoding Standard. Refer to the following paper for more details about the creation of the corpus:

    A massively parallel corpus: the Bible in 100 languages, Christos Christodoulopoulos and Mark Steedman, Language Resources and Evaluation, 49 (2)

The following table contains the XML Bibles in 100 languages (all the languages that an electronic version was freely available online) along with information about each language from Ethnologue.

Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature

[First posted in AWOL 7 May 2013, updated 16 May 2022 (This has been inaccessible for some time, but is now back and operational)]

Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature
Sumerian is the first language for which we have written evidence and its literature the earliest known. The Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature (ETCSL), a project of the University of Oxford, comprises a selection of nearly 400 literary compositions recorded on sources which come from ancient Mesopotamia (modern Iraq) and date to the late third and early second millennia BCE.
The corpus contains Sumerian texts in transliteration, English prose translations and bibliographical information for each composition. The transliterations and the translations can be searched, browsed and read online using the tools of the website.
Funding for the ETCSL project came to an end in the summer of 2006 and no work is currently being done to this site or its contents.
For more information, see the About ETCSL menu or the site map.
In 2017, the Faculty of Oriental Studies IT Department carried a series of changes to the ETCSL backend, including upgrading the code to work on PHP7, the latest version of the software. Should you see any issues with the website, please contact us on the details on the General Info page.

Empires and Communities in the Post-Roman and Islamic World, C. 400-1000 CE

Rutger Kramer and Walter Pohl
Cover for 

Empires and Communities in the Post-Roman and Islamic World, C. 400-1000 CE

Oxford Studies in Early Empires

  • This is an open access title available under the terms of a CC BY-NC 4.0 International license
  • Provides comparative approaches to empires and communities
  • Brings together many perspectives, including leading medievalists and new scholars
  • Covers broad range of materials and methodologies, but remains accessible to non-specialists

Published: 17 September 2021

464 Pages


ISBN: 9780190067946





The Archaeology of Iran from the Palaeolithic to the Achaemenid Empire

By Roger Matthews, Hassan Fazeli Nashli, Amy Richardson
Edition 1st Edition
First Published 2022
eBook Published 30 June 2022
Pub. Location London
Imprint Routledge
Pages 652
eBook ISBN 9781003224129
Subjects Humanities
OA Funder University of Reading

The Archaeology of Iran from the Palaeolithic to the Archaemenid Empire is the first modern academic study to provide a synthetic, diachronic analysis of the archaeology and early history of all of Iran from the Palaeolithic period to the end of the Achaemenid Empire at 330 BC.

Drawing on the authors’ deep experience and engagement in the world of Iranian archaeology, and in particular on Iran-based academic networks and collaborations, this book situates the archaeological evidence from Iran within a framework of issues and debates of relevance today. Such topics include human–environment interactions, climate change and societal fragility, the challenges of urban living, individual and social identity, gender roles and status, the development of technology and craft specialisation and the significance of early bureaucratic practices such as counting, writing and sealing within the context of evolving societal formations.

Richly adorned with more than 500 illustrations, many of them in colour, and accompanied by a bibliography with more than 3000 entries, this book will be appreciated as a major research resource for anyone concerned to learn more about the role of ancient Iran in shaping the modern world.

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