Sunday, December 5, 2021

Bishops in Flight: Exile and Displacement in Late Antiquity


Flight during times of persecution has a long and fraught history in early Christianity. In the third century, bishops who fl ed were considered cowards or, worse yet, heretics. On the face, flight meant denial of Christ and thus betrayal of faith and community. But by the fourth century, the terms of persecution changed as Christianity became the favored cult of the Roman Empire. Prominent Christians who fl ed and survived became founders and influencers of Christianity over time.

Bishops in Flight examines the various ways these episcopal leaders both appealed to and altered the discourse of Christian flight to defend their status as purveyors of Christian truth, even when their exiles appeared to condemn them. Their stories illuminate how profoundly Christian authors deployed theological discourse and the rhetoric of heresy to respond to the phenomenal political instability of the fourth and fifth centuries.

“This exciting book offers the first sustained examination of flight during times of persecution. A significant contribution to the study of late antiquity that readers are sure to find highly stimulating.” SUSANNA ELM, author of Sons of Hellenism, Fathers of the Church: Emperor Julian, Gregory of Nazianzus, and the Vision of Rome

“A fascinating meditative exploration of the shifting nature of exile and its uses in late ancient Christianity. Jennifer Barry depicts with lucid prose the adoptions and adaptations Christian bishops made of the concept in order to tap the authority exile could grant to those who managed it well. Those who study early church politics and imperial power will relish this book.” ELLEN MUEHLBERGER, author of Moment of Reckoning: Imagined Death and Its Consequences in Late Ancient Christianity

JENNIFER BARRY is Assistant Professor of Religion at University of Mary Washington.


History  Religion 

Language: English

EPUB 978-0-520-97180-6
Mobi 978-0-520-97180-6
Paperback 978-0-520-30037-8
PDF 978-0-520-97180-6



What Makes a Church Sacred? Legal and Ritual Perspectives from Late Antiquity

What is the purpose of a church? Who owns a church? Mary K. Farag persuasively demonstrates that three groups in late antiquity were concerned with these questions: Christian leaders, wealthy laypersons, and lawmakers. Conflicting answers usually coexisted, but from time to time they clashed and caused significant tension. In these disputes, juridical regulations and opinions mattered more than has been traditionally recognized. Considering familiar Christian controversies in novel ways, Farag’s investigation shows that scholarship has misunderstood well-known religious figures by ignoring the legal issues they faced. This seminal text nuances vital aspects of scholarly conversations on sacred space, gift giving, wealth, and poverty in the late antique Mediterranean world, making use not only of Latin and Greek sources but also Coptic and Arabic evidence.

“This is a book I have long been looking for. Meticulously conceived and argued, it provides the first comprehensive survey and analysis of what made a church sacred in late antiquity. It will likely become a standard reference on the topic for decades to come.” WENDY MAYER, Australian Lutheran College, University of Divinity

MARY K. FARAG is Assistant Professor of Early Christian Studies at the Princeton Theological Seminary.

Language: English

EPUB 978-0-520-38201-5
Mobi 978-0-520-38201-5
Paperback 978-0-520-38200-8
PDF 978-0-520-38201-5



*WebGlyph, a free Web version of GLYPH*

*WebGlyph, a free Web version of GLYPH*

In the summer of 2021 a new version of the hieroglyphic text processor
GLYPH was launched. It is entirely web-based and will be freely available
to all users.

The first version of GLYPH was created in 1969 and ran on the mainframe
computer at Utrecht University in The Netherlands. In 1991 the whole
system was transferred to the CCER at Utrecht University, where Hans
van den Berg created a Windows version (WinGlyph). Later (2002), Ed
de Moel developed a simple web version.
          Unfortunately, WinGlyph does not run on today’s platforms, and ran
only under older versions of Microsoft Windows. In the last couple of
years we have frequently been contacted with requests to provide an
updated version. After consulting with Hans van den Berg, we decided
to start from scratch and create a new web version so that the program
can be used from any end-user platform, including Apple and Linux.
       The web version is based on the coding manual (/Manuel de Codage/)
that was first accepted by the International Association of Egyptologists in
1988.  As there are so far no other generally accepted coding standards,
it was decided to base the web version completely on this manual,
although we did include a few additional features.
       The coding is based on Gardiner’s Sign List, allowing phonetic codes
to be used where possible. Thanks to Hans van den Berg we were able
to include all signs from the Extended Library. He also provided the input
sources of the hieroglyphs. Furthermore, we included some additional
signs, among others for the transcription of hieratic, as defined by
Gardiner in /JEA /15 (1929), 15, and /JEA /17 (1931), 245-247.
       The software includes programmes for adding new hieroglyphs
(digitizer) and a group-editor. To use these two features, you will have
to register and get your personal access code. The creator of such
new signs decides whether these will be accessible to others.

The package includes:
•    Input via Gardiner signs and their possible phonetic codes
•    Output from right-to-left, left-to-right, or in columns
•    Arrangement in groups and sub-groups (using parentheses)
•    Special codes for proper arrangement of numbers
•    All four different cartouche types with options for full-length,
      beginning, middle or end
•    Inversion and rotation of signs
•    Colour coding of output
•    Hatching of signs or pieces of texts
•    Flexible line spacing, interspacing of groups of signs
•    Different stroke widths
•    Codes for text-critical notations
•    Codes for non-hieroglyphic text (including transliteration) and
•    Inserting text in Latin-characters above the line
•    Codes for grammatical and lexical use
•    Codes for ‘signs-within-signs’, group-editor
•    Digitizer to add new signs
•    List of pharaohs in English, French and German with possible writings
       of the cartouches
•    Extended Library (Graeco-Roman style, about 5000 signs), kindly
       made available by Hans van den Berg
•    Output in .svg format images (Scalable Vector Graphics) accepted by
       most current text processors
•    Text preview
•    Tabulation jumps for publication purposes
•    Online documentation
•    Compatibility, as far as the manual is concerned, with WinGlyph

The web-site is at:
general access code is: username *guest*, password *guest*.

The program generates the renditions of hieroglyphs in “SVG” format.
SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics) is an XML language, similar to XHTML,
which can be used to draw vector graphics. The standard for SVG was
defined in 1999. SVG is supported by all major browsers. SVG does not
require third-party extensions. The main advantage of vector graphics
over pixel-related graphics is that vectors are scalable, and do not
introduce a “staircase effect” when they are enlarged. Once a text
has been rendered, the resulting graphics can be saved for use in
other documents.
       The digitizer is an important new feature allowing users to create
their own symbols. Such symbols can either be private, or shared
with other users. Symbols are created by using the mouse to trace
the various vectors that make up the symbol.
When a user has created new symbols or groups using the Group
Editor or Digitizer, this feature offers the user the ability to further
modify and refine these symbols.

Both Jan Buurman and Ed de Moel are well into their retirement,
and are looking for successors to carry this software into its next
generation and to keep it current with future developments in
architecture of hardware and software (looking for an Egyptologist
and also for a software specialist).

For registration please contact: **;
for Egyptological comments contact: **.

For more detailed information, see/Göttinger Miszellen/ 264 (forthcoming).

Saturday, December 4, 2021

Open Access Journal: Mythos: Rivista di Storia della Religioni

[First posted in AWOL 26 September2019, updated 4 December 2021]

Mythos: Rivista di Storia della Religioni
ISSN: 1972-2516
Créée en 2006 et éditée par Salvatore Sciascia Editore, Mythos est une revue transdisciplinaire et comparatiste où se croisent les approches historiques, philologiques, archéologiques, anthropologiques ou sociologiques des religions anciennes. Revue annuelle et ouverte à toutes les approches, elle promeut une étude historique et non confessionnelle des religions

 See AWOL's full List of Open Access Journals in Ancient Studies

Friday, December 3, 2021

Open Accesss Journal: Aitia. Regards sur la culture hellénistique au XXIème siècle

 [First posted in AWOL 30 May 2012, updated 3 December 2021]

Aitia. Regards sur la culture hellénistique au XXIème siècle
ISSN electronic edition: 1775-4275
Aitia. Regards sur la culture hellénistique au XXIe siècle est une revue internationale électronique. Elle s'intéresse à l’ensemble de la culture hellénistique. Cette revue entend favoriser les approches croisées entre les domaines de la recherche, en particulier la littérature et la philosophie. L’émergence à Athènes et à Rome des grandes écoles et traditions philosophiques de la période ne peut être considérée indépendamment de son contexte culturel. Inversement, on voit une philosophie popularisée prendre une place toujours plus grande dans l’ensemble de la vie culturelle et influencer souvent fortement la production littéraire.
La revue Aitia entend avoir une vocation internationale : elle publie des articles en différentes langues (notamment : français, anglais, italien, allemand, espagnol, grec moderne…) ; elle entend favoriser particulièrement les contributions de jeunes chercheurs. La publication des articles est soumise à l’accord d’un comité de lecture scientifique également international.

Numéros en texte intégral

11.1 | 2021

Recherches sur Hérodas/Hérondas

10 | 2020

9.2 | 2019

9.1 | 2019

8.2 | 2018

8.1 | 2018

7.2 | 2017

7.1 | 2017

6 | 2016

5 | 2015

4 | 2014

3 | 2013

2 | 2012

1 | 2011

Save Ancient Studies Alliance (SASA) Ancient Fanfiction

Save Ancient Studies Alliance (SASA) Ancient Fanfiction


As part of the SASA Inspire Campaign, we conducted meticulous research on ancient events, objects and people, and wrote Ancient FanFictions about them based on our research. Our stories are mainly about ancient individuals whose experiences have been neglected too often by historians. With every fictional account we provide scholarly research in the form of articles, blog posts and podcasts, so that you can dig deeper into the actual history behind the narrative.

Below are PDFs with stories, context and resources:


Zac Copeland-Greene



Celine Baumbach


Celine Baumbach


Pinar Durgun


Celine Baumbach



Celine Baumbach


Celine Baumbach


Grace Blaxill


Hannah Neves


Camille Blanco


Zac Copeland-Greene


Elisabeth Koch


Hannah Neves


Celine Baumbach


Grace Blaxhill


Grace Blaxhill


Celine Baumbach


El Meszaros

Celine Baumbach


Grace Blaxhill



Zac Copeland-Greene

Celine Baumbach


Celine Baumbach


Pinar Durgun


Katy Lawrence



Celine Baumbach



Elisabeth Koch


Hannah Neves