Wednesday, October 31, 2018

The Chicago Hittite Dictionary Project

[First posted in AWOL 9 November 2015, updated 31 October 2018]

The Chicago Hittite Dictionary Project
The Hittite language is the earliest preserved member of the Indo-European family of languages. It was written on clay tablets in central Asia Minor over a five hundred year span (c. 1650-1180 B.C.). The vast majority of Hittite tablets were excavated from the ruins of the ancient Hittite capital Hattusa located near the modern Turkish town of Boghazkale (formerly Boghazköy) about 210 kilometers east of Ankara.

Scientific excavation of these ruins by a German expedition began in 1906. About 10,000 clay tablets inscribed with the familiar Assyro-Babylonian script were recovered at that moment. Although some were written in the Akkadian language and could be read immediately, most were in an unknown language, correctly assumed to be Hittite. Within ten years the language had been deciphered, and a sketch of its grammar published. Gradually, the interational community of scholars, led by the Germans, expanded the knowledge of the language. The number of common Hittite words that one could translate with reasonable certainty increased steadily. Glossaries published in 1936 by Edgar Sturtevant (in English) and in 1952 by Johannes Friedrich (in German) admirably served the needs of their contemporaries. Yet today, seventy-five years after the decipherment, there still exists no complete dictionary of the Hittite language.

The Chicago Hittite Dictionary Project (CHD) was officially started in 1975 with the awarding of an NEH grant to Harry A. Hoffner and Hans G. Güterbock, the editors. It was conceived in answer to a recognized need for a Hittite-English lexical tool, a concordance for lexicographical research for all parts of the corpus of Hittite texts.

Chicago Hittite Dictionary (CHD)

L-N, fascicles 1–4 xxx + 477 (1–477) 1989  
P, fascicles 1–3 xxxii + 403 1997  
Š, fascicle 1
(šā- to šaptamenzu)
viii + 208 2002
Š, fascicle 2
(šaptamenzu to -ši-)
209-332 2005  
Š, fascicle 3
(še to šizišalla-)
333-508 2013  

Chicago Hittite Dictionary Supplements (CHDS)

CHDS 1. Ankara Arkeoloji Müzesinde bulanan Bogazköy Tabletleri II - Bogazköy Tablets in the Archaeological Museum of Ankara II. By Rukiye Akdoğan and Oğuz Soysal. 2011.
CHDS 2. Unpublished Bo-Fragments in Transliteration I (Bo 9536 - Bo 9736). By Oğuz Soysal. 2015.

Tuesday, October 30, 2018

Latin Language Stack Exchange

Latin Language Stack Exchange
Latin Language Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for linguists, teachers, and students wanting to discuss the finer points of the Latin language. Join them; it only takes a minute:
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Seleucid Coins Online News

Seleucid Coins Online is [mostly] complete and published
After a few months of continuous work on normalizing data and fixing some type numbering issues, Seleucid Coins Online has been updated and completed (with the exception of some typos or missing type/subtype records we might invariably find). There are now 2,519 total coin types from Seleucus I until late Roman Republican and early Augustan types issued with under the stated authority of Philip I (posthumously). There are about 6,000 subtypes nested hierarchically under these parent types, and more than 2,000 physical specimens from the ANS, Berlin, Muenster, Harvard Art Museums, and the Fralin Museum of Art at the University of Virginia have been linked to SCO, either at a higher parent type level (for worn coins) or at the specific subtype when an accurate identification can be made. Oliver Hoover is still working on cataloging later Seleucid coins in the ANS collection, so the coverage will be expanded in the near future.
Seleucid tetradrachms

Since the browse page is built logically around parent type numbers rather than the original version of SCO, which was not ordered hierarchically, the images displayed to the right of the descriptive summary include both parent and subtype specimens. As a result, the photographic coverage of parent types is enhanced. At present about 25% of all Seleucid types have at least one physical specimen (which is almost certainly photographed, since our NEH-funded Hellenistic Royal Coinages project has funding to catalog and photograph our entire Seleucid collection). To reiterate: we still have more cataloging work to do for the later Seleucid coinage. The photographic coverage can be derived from a SPARQL query of 

This project, along with PELLA and the impending Ptolemaic Coins Online, should prove to be a valuable resource for Hellenistic numismatics to students, scholars, general hobbyists, and archaeologists and museum professionals in aid of identifying and cataloging specimens from museums or excavations.
Geographic distribution of Seleucid coinage from East Greece to Ai Khanoum.

Open Access Journal: Lithics – The Journal of the Lithic Studies Society

[First posted in AWOL 23 May 2011. Updated 30 October 2018 (New URLs)]
Lithics is the Lithic Studies Society’s annual, peer-reviewed journal (ISSN 0262-7817). It is devoted to publishing research which enhances our understanding of past societies through the study of stone tools. Published in the spring of each year, Lithics contains research articles, as well as shorter communications, book reviews, a bibliography of recent publications relevant to lithic studies, and news of the Society's related activities.


No 1 (1980)

Monday, October 29, 2018

Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries: A Guide for the Perplexed

Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries: A Guide for the Perplexed
Over the last three years I have worked more-or-less intensively and widely on Indo-European etymological problems as a research associate in Indo-European comparative linguistics on the Cognacy in Basic Lexicon project with the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. Over the course of this project I have had to check and revise hundreds and hundreds of etymologies from of historical and modern Indo-European languages, from Albanian to Welsh and nearly everything in between. (I’d say Albanian to Zazaki to have a nice Indo-European A–Z, but we don’t currently have Zaza data). While I hardly can be expected to be an expert on the historical grammar of every single Indo-European language (and I emphasise that we do consult with experts on individual branches and languages where necessary), as the main editor of the cross-branch Indo-European cognate judgements I do need to know where I can find reliable cognacy information on all the languages involved...
Part 2: Anatolian Etymological Dictionaries

Newly added to Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis Online, 25-26 October 2018

Newly added to Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis Online. There are 292 volumes of this series now online open access.
Page Gasser, Madeleine (2001). Götter bewohnten Ägypten: Bronzefiguren der Sammlungen „Bibel+Orient“ der Universität Freiburg Schweiz. Freiburg, Switzerland / Göttingen, Germany: Universitätsverlag / Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.
Léonas, Alexis (2005). Recherches sur le langage de la Septante. Fribourg, Switzerland / Göttingen, Germany: Academic Press / Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.
Maussion, Marie (2003). Le mal, le bien et le jugement de Dieu dans le livre de Qohélet. Fribourg, Switzerland / Göttingen, Germany: Editions Universitaires / Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Open Access Journal: De Rebus Antiquis

[First posted in AWOL 20 December 2011. Updated 29 October 2018 (New URLs])

De Rebus Antiquis
ISSN 2250-4923
DE REBUS ANTIQUIS es la publicación electrónica del Programa de Estudios Históricos Grecorromanos (PEHG) del Departamento de Historia de la Facultad de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad Católica Argentina.
Esta revista ha nacido con el objeto de dar marco institucional para la publicación de todas aquellas investigaciones de especialistas en esta área del conocimiento y gestar así un ámbito de debate en las temáticas y líneas de investigación más novedosas del tema que nos convoca.


Tabla de contenidos


Graciela Gómez Aso


Ana Teresa Marques Gonçalves, Fernando D. Teodoro Moura
Carlos Heredia Chimeno
María José Leorza
Belchior Monteiro Lima Neto
Lorena Esteller

Reseñas bibliográficas

Alejandro Robles Carriche
Diego Alexander Olivera
Juan Pablo Alfaro
Walter Flores
Ana Lozano
See AWOL's List of

Sunday, October 28, 2018

Babylonian Calendar

The Babylonian Calendar
click for a larger image
The Babylonian calendar was a lunisolar calendar based on the lunar phases which was used in Babylon and surrounding regions for administrative, commercial and ritualistic purposes.
The Babylonian year consisted of twelve lunar months, each beginning on the evening (i.e. after sunset) of the first observed (or computed) lunar crescent after the astronomical new moon.
The year began around the spring equinox and in order to keep the calendar in step with the seasons, an intercalary month was inserted at (semi-)regular intervals. At first the intercalary months were inserted at irregular intervals, based on the observed discrepancies between the calendar and the seasons, but after about 500 BCE a regular intercalation scheme consisting of seven intercalary months in a 19-year cycle was adopted
This intercalation cycle was later also adopted by Greek astronomers, who referred to it as the Metonic cycle, and it still regulates the current Hebrew calendar.
This website supports a calendar converter for converting Babylonian dates into Julian dates, and vice-versa, and is based on the well-known calendrical tables in Babylonian Chronology by Richard Anthony Parker (1905-1993) and Waldo Herman Dubberstein (1907-1983) of which the most recent (4th) edition was published in 1971.
The calendar converter is valid between the year 626/25 BCE, the accession year of the Babylonian king Nabopolassar, and the year 75/76 CE [= 386 Seleucid Era = 322 Arsacid Era].


The months of the Babylonian calendar

Babylonian calendar converter

Schematic dates for the equinoxes, the solstices and the heliacal phenomena of Sirius

Literature & web links

Saturday, October 27, 2018

Open Access Journal: Archäologischer Anzeiger

Archäologischer Anzeiger
ISSN: 0003-8105
ISSN: 2510-4713 
Im Archäologischen Anzeiger (AA) werden Kurzbeiträge zu aktuellen Forschungen und Berichte über Grabungsprojekte des DAI sowie von Fachkollegen weltweit publiziert. Schwerpunktmäßig informiert die Zeitschrift über Themen aus dem Mittelmeerraum von der Vorgeschichte bis in die Spätantike, durchaus aber auch über Projekte außerhalb des Kernbereichs der Alten Welt. ISSN: 0003-8105

Digitale Ausgaben


2. Halbband 2015

[PDFs verfügbar]

1. Halbband 2015

[PDFs verfügbar]


2. Halbband 2014

[PDFs verfügbar]

1. Halbband 2014

[PDFs verfügbar]


2. Halbband 2013

[PDFs verfügbar]

1. Halbband 2013

[PDFs verfügbar]


2. Halbband 2012

[PDFs verfügbar]

1. Halbband 2012

[PDFs verfügbar]


2. Halbband 2011

[PDFs verfügbar]

1. Halbband 2011

[PDFs verfügbar]


2. Halbband 2010

[PDFs verfügbar]

1. Halbband 2010

[PDFs teilweise verfügbar]


2. Halbband 2009

[PDFs teilweise verfügbar]

1. Halbband 2009

[PDFs teilweise verfügbar]


2. Halbband 2008

[PDFs teilweise verfügbar]

1. Halbband 2008

[PDFs verfügbar]
 Back volumes available via Digizeitschriften

Archäologischer Anzeiger