Tuesday, May 10, 2016

The Archaeology of Grotta Scaloria Data Online

The Archaeology of Grotta Scaloria Data Online
Ritual in Neolithic Southeast Italy
Ernestine S. Elster, Eugenia Isetti, John Robb, and Antonella Traverso
Scaloria Cave, Grotta Scaloria, is in Apulia, where the Tavoliere Plain rises to meet the Gargano peninsula. Hundreds of villages were located there during the Neolithic period, the villagi trincerati first identified from aerial photographs taken by the British RAF during WW II. Certainly some of these Neolithic villagers of the Tavoliere visited Scaloria Cave, for refuge from the elements, and for the mysterious rituals held in both the Lower and Upper Chambers.
Grotta Scaloria was first discovered and explored in 1931, excavated briefly in 1967, and extensively from 1978–80 by a joint UCLA-University of Genoa team, but never fully published. The Save Scaloria Project was organized to locate this legacy data, and to enhance that information by application of the newest methods of archaeological and scientific analysis.
Finally, this important site is published, in one comprehensive volume that gathers together the archaeological data from the Upper and Lower Chambers of Scaloria Cave, which indicate intense ritual and quotidian use during the Neolithic (ca 5600-5300 BC). The Grotta Scaloria project is also important as historiography, since it illustrates a changing trajectory of research spanning three generations of European and American archaeology.
View data online
Appendix 1: L’Eneolitico di Manfredonia nella Grotta di ‘Occhiopinto’
Appendix 2: The Heritage of Two Subsistence Strategies
Appendix 3: “Cult of the Waters”
Appendix 4b: Report on 1980 Research of 1979 Excavation of Grotta Scaloria at Manfredonia, Southeast Italy
Appendix 4c: The Scaloria Cave
Appendix 4a: Preliminary Report on 1979 Excavations at Scaloria Cave near Manfredonia, Italy
Appendix 4d: Extracts Regarding Scaloria from "The Language of the Goddess" and "Civilization of the Goddess"
Appendix 5: Interviews with Santo Tiné, Luigi Coppolecchia, Giulio Perotti, and Sergio Duda
Appendix 6a-b: Letter from Enrico Davanzo to Santo Tiné
Appendix 7: Daybook 1979
Appendix 8: Field Catalogue: 1979 excavation season
Appendix 9: Raw data from the 1980 lithic study

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