Wednesday, July 1, 2020

Latin Novella Database (LNDb)

Latin Novella Database (LNDb)

Diverse & Multicultural Identities

The methodology for LNDb's analysis of diverse and multicultural identities is adapted from Crisp et al. (2016)'s study, which looked at the multicultural and diverse identities featured in children's books.

Parallel cultures

Crisp et al. (2016) define parallel cultures as “cultural groups that have a history of marginalization in the United States,” such as “African Americans, American Indians, Asian/Pacific Americans, Latino/a Americans, Middle Eastern Americans, and mixed- race Americans” (p. 33).

Applying this principle to a Roman context, stories about “parallel cultures” refers to stories about non-Roman cultures or to cultures in the process of Romanization. LNDb does not assume the cultural identity of any character unless it is explicitly stated.

Why is this important? Find out more here and here.

Gender identity

LNDb considers the gender and gender identity of each of the leading characters (i.e. the character(s) on whom the story is focused or through whose perspective the story is told).

Gender is defined in the same way as Crisp et al. (2016): "Although it reinforces binary constructions of language, when coding for gender identity, we relied on normative understandings of gendered nouns (e.g., girl, woman) and pronouns (e.g., she, he) to categorize leading characters in books as cisfemale/ciswoman, cismale/cisman, transwoman, transman, ungendered, other, or (in cases in which gender identities were entirely absent) N/A" (p. 36).

Why is this important? Find out more here and here.

Sexual identity

LNDb examines the romantic/sexual attractions and relationships in the stories. If a story only includes male–female attraction or relationships, it is coded as featuring a heterosexual identity. If it includes male–male or female– female attraction or relationships, it is classified as featuring a gay or lesbian identity respectively. Stories where a character is attracted to multiple sexes are classified as bisexual, and any relationship or attraction that does not apply to the above categories is classified as “other,” specifying the nature of the relationship or attraction.

Why is this important? Find out more here and here.


LNDb classifies a story with this criterion if it specifically identifies the religious tradition of the story or its characters. For example, a story is coded as including Roman religion if its characters perform Roman religious rituals such as sacrifices or augury. The description of religion can apply to not only main characters but secondary characters, as well; for example, if the main character learns about a certain religion through meeting a secondary character who practices that religion, the story is coded with that religion.

Why is this important? Find out more here.


LNDb classifies stories in this category if the characters’ SES or class is a clear factor in the story, with no assumptions made based on the characters' lifestyle. Also included in this category are depictions of enslaved people, which is also an area in which many Latin instructional materials are, to say the least, problematic.

Why is this important? Find out more here and here.

Disabilities, developmental differences, and chronic illnesses

LNDb classifies stories with this criterion if characters have disabilities (e.g. visual impairment, using a wheelchair or braces), developmental differences (e.g. Down syndrome, autism), or chronic illnesses (e.g. asthma, diabetes).

Why is this important? Find out more here.
Author Title Core Word Count Glossed Words Core + Glossed Word Count Proper Nouns Total Word Count
Arnold Cloelia: Puella Romana 165 52 217 23 240
Ash Camilla 207 30 237 10 247
Ash & Patrick Pluto: Fabula Amoris* 121 14 135 9 144
Belzer Lucia Heros 246 36 282 32 314
Belzer Lucia Puella Mala* 79 21 100 3 103
Belzer & Pelegrin Fortuna Fortibus Favet†

Berg Romulus Rex 97 36 133 5 140
Buczek Iter Mirabile Dennis et Debrae 211 15 226 17 243
Buczek Itinera Liviae et Amicorum†

Buczek Maximus et Caecilia* 129 11 140 11 151
Craft Mellisurgus†

Craft Odyssea Magistri Craft†

Craft Templum Romanum* 292

Cunning Cupido et Psyche†

Cunning Domini Secretum 182 46 228 21 249
Cunning Ira Veneris†

Cunning Medea et Peregrinus Pulcherrimus* 185 38 223 22 245
Cunning Ridiculi et Horribiles Dei et Deae†

Demuth Leo Molossus†

Demuth Ovidius Mus 160 43 203 11 214
Demuth Tres Fabulae Horrificae†

Floyd Coronis 415 0 415 22 437
Gaab, trans. Slocum Bailey Brando Brown Canem Vult* 178 43 221 15 236
Gibbins Legonium: Season One 835 11 846 35 881
Hirschler Calio: Fabula Latina†

Hirschler De Claustro Magico†

Hirschler Leonidas: De Ducibus Graecis†

Hirschler Themistocles: De Ducibus Graecis†

Olimpi Ego, Polyphemus 151 30 181 11 192
Olimpi Familia Mala: Duo Fratres†

Olimpi Familia Mala: Saturnus et Iuppiter* 133 64 197 20 217
Olimpi Filia Regis et Monstrum Horribile 215 86 301 16 317
Olimpi Labyrinthus* 175 40 215 12 227
Olimpi Lars Romam Odit†

Olimpi Pandora†

Olimpi Perseus et Rex Malus†

Olimpi Perseus et Medusa†

Olimpi Via Periculosa 163 102 265 12 277
Olimpi Vox in Tenebris†

Patrick, M. Eurydice: Fabula Amoris†

Patrick, R. Itinera Petri: Flammae Ducant†

Pettersson & Rosengren Pugio Bruti* 340 0 340 27 367
Piantaggini Agrippina Mater Fortis* 71 21 92 23 115
Piantaggini Drusilla et Convivium Magarum†

Piantaggini Drusilla in Subura 34 18 52 21 73
Piantaggini Fragmenta Pisonis vol. 1†

Piantaggini Piso et Syra et Potiones Mysticae†

Piantaggini Piso Ille Poetulus* 119 33 152 30 182
Piantaggini Piso Perturbatus†

Piantaggini Quintus et Nox Horrifica†

Piantaggini Rufus et Arma Atra* 43 13 56 15 71
Piantaggini Rufus Lutulentus 18 10 28 24 52
Piantaggini Syra Sola 33 11 44 26 70
Piantaggini Tiberius et Gallisena Ultima†

Piantaggini Tres Amici et Monstrum Saevum†

Rodríguez, trans. Piantaggini & Bracey Marcus et Imagines Suae Bonae* 138 35 173 46 220
Rowan, trans. Ring Dominus Quixotus: Eques Ultimus* 269 0 269 17 286
Shaw Bellovesus in Gallia* 398 125 523 29 552
Shaw Charybdis: Capellus Valde Esuriens* 175 92 267 4 271
Shaw In Vineto 389 146 535 13 548
Simpson Clavis Apollinis†

Simpson Iter Icari* 298 0 298 23 321
Sipes Sisyphus: Rex Improbus 154 13 167 11 178
Sipes Unguentum†

Vanderpool Eumachia†

Vanderpool Kandake Amanirenas, Regina Nubiae 127 31 158 41 199
Vanderpool Incitatus: Fabula Equi Senatorii†

Vanderpool Sacri Pulli 62 19 81 10 91
Vanderpool Surus Elephantus†

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