Monday, May 31, 2021

Survey on 3D Web Viewers for Digital Cultural Heritage

Thank you for your interest in our Survey on 3D Web Viewers for Digital Cultural Heritage

Aim of the survey

The goal of this survey is to gather input from the Digital Humanities and Digital Heritage communities for the development and implementation of an online platform for 3D Scholarly Research. The PURE3D project is based out of Maastricht University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, under the direction of Dr. Costas Papadopoulos and Dr. Susan Schreibman and funded by the Platform Digitale Infrastructuur–Social Sciences and Humanities (PDI-SSH). The PURE3D platform will be an access infrastructure for sharing and viewing interactive 3D content on the web, while also addressing the unique needs and abilities of Digital Heritage content creators.

Who can participate?

Members of the Digital Humanities and Digital Heritage communities who create, commission or publish 3D objects and virtual worlds. This includes those from fields such as higher education, museums, non-profits, public-sector, private-sector and others. ALL are welcome to participate in this study regardless of position or level of experience.

Survey Participation

With your participation, you directly contribute to a better understanding of the user requirements of those who develop and engage with scholarly 3D content. This survey is an important step in developing the PURE3D infrastructure which will combine a 3D web viewer and an underlying Content Management System. Your time and contributions are invaluable to the advancement and legitimization of 3D scholarship.

The survey will last about 10-12 minutes and includes a section where you can give project-specific input regarding a 3D project you were involved with.

After having filled in the survey, you can indicate if you would be willing to further contribute to the project in the form of focus group participation and interviews. This would be of great help to our development of the PURE3D infrastructure. This is a chance to be heard about your specific needs and insights regarding the field of 3D heritage-based research.


Data privacy

Your participation in this survey is completely voluntary. You are free to withdraw from this survey at any time.

For this study, personal data about you will be used and stored by Maastricht University. This concerns the following data: Demographic information (e.g. age, gender, nationality), work related information (e.g., work sector), and your email address. Email addresses will exclusively be used to send you invitations for future focus groups or a follow-up interview, in case you agree to participate in any of these parts.

The research data that apply to you will be used in future or other research in such way that they cannot be directly traced back to you. You can withdraw your consent to the use of your personal data at any time. In that case, personal data and research data will be deleted if possible. For more information about your privacy rights please visit

For any further questions about the processing of your personal data please contact You can also contact the Data Protection Officer of Maastricht University at

What are the next steps?

If you are interested in supporting our project, please register for the survey by providing your consent for participation on the next page. You will then directly be led to the survey.


In case of any questions or concerns, please feel free to contact us at

If you would like to learn more about the project, please head to our website at and follow us on Twitter, LinkedIn and Facebook to stay updated on events, survey results, publications and more.


From the entire PURE3D Team, we appreciate your time and effort in responding to this survey.


Temas y problemas de historia antiguo-oriental. Una introducción

Luciani, Federico & Rovira, Leticia (eds.)
Temas y problemas de historia antiguo-oriental. Una introducción
Paperback edition through Ediciones UNL
ISBN:  978-987749245-3
Pages: 268
Size: 25x17 cm
Price: ARS 900 / USD 10

Open Access edition:

It includes contributions from the following authors and chapters:

Davide Nadali "La Arqueología en el Cercano Oriente"
Armando Bramanti "La materialiad del cuneiforme"
Ianir Milevski "La prehistoria tardía en Palestina"
Franco D'Agostino "Aspectos de la economía mesopotámica en la época neo-sumeria"
Eleonora Ravenna "Permanencias y cambios durante el periodo
hammurabiano en Sippar y Larsa"
Leticia Rovira "Un acercamiento a la historia de Mari"
Cecilia Molla "De las relaciones internacionales en el Próximo Oriente
antiguo: un abordaje general"
Jordi Vidal "Historia y cultura de Ugarit"
Elisa Prilinger "Los llamados tres periodo intermedios como parte de
la reconstrucción de los tiempos faraónicos"
Federico Luciani "La otredad en tiempos neo-asirios"
Emanuel Pfoh "Repensando la historia del Antiguo Israel"
Rocío Da Riva "Los textos rituales de los templos en época tardo-babilónica"
Martín Cifuentes "Estrategias persas de intervención en el Asia
Griega: el caso de los tratados persa-espartanos en la guerra jonia
(412-411 a.C.)"
Gioele Zisa "Prácticas musicales en la antigua Mesopotamia"
María Rosa Oliver "Relaciones de género y poder en el Cercano Oriente
antiguo: una historia en construcción"
Mario Liverani "Imperialismo"


Open Access Journal: Society News: Society for the Promotion of Byzantine Studies

Society News: Society for the Promotion of Byzantine Studies
The annual SPBS Newsletter is circulated in the autumn, with the primary purpose of providing final details on the Spring Symposium to be held in (usually) the following March. It also includes updates on the Society’s activities and information on forthcoming events of interest to members.

Society News 2019

 Society News 2018

Society News 2017

See AWOL's full List of Open Access Journals in Ancient Studies

Sons of the Gods, Children of Earth:Ideology and Literary Form in Ancient Greece

Peter W. Rose
Sons of the Gods, Children of Earth

432 Pages
ISBN: 9781501742576
Cornell University Press

In this ambitious and venturesome book, Peter W. Rose applies the insights of Marxist theory to a number of central Greek literary and philosophical texts. He explores major points in the trajectory from Homer to Plato where the ideology of inherited excellence—beliefs about descent from gods or heroes—is elaborated and challenged. Rose offers subtle and penetrating new readings of Homer's Iliad and Odyssey, Pindar's Tenth Pythian Ode, Aeschylus's Oresteia, Sophokles' Philoktetes, and Plato's Republic.

Rose rejects the view of art as a mere reflection of social and political reality—a view that is characteristic not only of most Marxist but of most historically oriented treatments of classical literature. He applies instead a Marxian hermeneutic derived from the work of the Frankfurt School and Fredric Jameson. His readings focus on illuminating a politics of form within the text, while responding to historically specific social, political, and economic realities. Each work, he asserts, both reflects contemporary conflicts over wealth, power, and gender roles and constitutes an attempt to transcend the status quo by projecting an ideal community. Following Marx, Rose maintains that critical engagement with the limitations of the utopian dreams of the past is the only means to the realization of freedom in the present.

Classicists and their students, literary theorists, philosophers, comparatists, and Marxist critics will find Sons of the Gods, Children of Earth challenging reading.

About the Author

Peter W. Rose is Professor of Classics at Miami University, Ohio.


Sunday, May 30, 2021

Ritual Irony: Poetry and Sacrifice in Euripides

Helene P. Foley
Ritual Irony

288 Pages
ISBN: 9781501740626
Cornell University Press

Ritual Irony is a critical study of four problematic later plays of Euripides: the Iphigenia in Aulis, the Phoenissae, the Heracles, and the Bacchae.

Examining Euripides' representation of sacrificial ritual against the background of late fifth-century Athens, Helene P. Foley shows that each of these plays confronts directly the difficulty of making an archaic poetic tradition relevant to a democratic society. She explores the important mediating role played by choral poetry and ritual in the plays, asserting that Euripides' sacrificial metaphors and ritual performances link an anachronistic mythic ideal with a world dominated by "chance" or an incomprehensible divinity.
Foley utilizes the ideas and methodology of contemporary literary theory and symbolic anthropology, addressing issues central to the emerging dialogue between the two fields. Her conclusions have important implications for the study of Greek tragedy as a whole and for our understanding of Euripides' tragic irony, his conception of religion, and the role of his choral odes.

Assuming no specialized knowledge, Ritual Irony is aimed at all readers of Euripidean tragedy. It will prove particularly valuable to students and scholars of classics, comparative literature, and symbolic anthropology.


"The author's treatment of four Euripidean tragedies produces both a new argument for the unity of these plays and an original and compelling way of reading Euripidean irony."

- Marylin B. Arthur, Department of Classics, Wesleyan University

About the Author

Helene P. Foley is Associate Professor of Classics at Barnard College, Columbia University.












The Public and the Private in Aristotle's Political Philosophy

Judith A. Swanson 
The Public and the Private in Aristotle's Political Philosophy

264 Pages
ISBN: 9781501740824
Cornell University Press

Aristotle offers a conception of the private and its relationship to the public that suggests a remedy to the limitations of liberalism today, according to Judith A. Swanson. In this fresh and lucid interpretation of Aristotle's political philosophy, Swanson challenges the dominant view that he regards the private as a mere precondition to the public. She argues, rather, that for Aristotle private activity develops virtue and is thus essential both to individual freedom and happiness and to the well-being of the political order.

Swanson presents an innovative reading of The Politics which revises our understanding of Aristotle's political economy and his views on women and the family, slavery, and the relation between friendship and civic solidarity. She examines the private activities Aristotle considers necessary to a complete human life—maintaining a household, transacting business, sustaining friendships, and philosophizing. Focusing on ways Aristotle's public invests in the private through law, rule, and education, she shows how the public can foster a morally and intellectually virtuous citizenry. In contrast to classical liberal theory, which presents privacy as a shield of rights protecting individuals from one another and from the state, for Aristotle a regime can attain self-sufficiency only by bringing about a dynamic equilibrium between the public and the private.

The Public and the Private in Aristotle's Political Philosophy will be essential reading for scholars and students of political philosophy, political theory, classics, intellectual history, and the history of women.

About the Author

Judith A. Swanson is Assistant Professor of Political Science at Boston University.


Poetry in Speech: Orality and Homeric Discourse

Egbert J. Bakker
Poetry in Speech

256 Pages
ISBN: 9781501722769
Cornell University Press

Applying linguistic theory to the study of Homeric style, Egbert J. Bakker offers a highly innovative approach to oral poetry, particularly the poetry of Homer. By situating formulas and other features of oral style within the wider contexts of spoken language and communication, he moves the study of oral poetry beyond the landmark work of Milman Parry and Albert Lord.

One of the book's central features, related to the research of the linguist Wallace Chafe, is Bakker's conception of spoken discourse as a sequence of short speech units reflecting the flow of speech through the consciousness of the speaker. Bakker shows that such short speech units are present in Homeric poetry, with significant consequences for Homeric metrics and poetics. Considering Homeric discourse as a speech process rather than as the finished product associated with written discourse, Bakker's book offers a new perspective on Homer as well as on other archaic Greek texts. Here Homeric discourse appears as speech in its own right, and is freed, Bakker suggests, from the bias of modern writing style which too easily views Homeric discourse as archaic, implicitly taking the style of classical period texts as the norm.

Bakker's perspective reaches beyond syntax and stylistics into the very heart of Homeric—and, ultimately, oral—poetics, altering the status of key features such as meter and formula, rethinking their relevance to the performance of Homeric poetry, and leading to surprising insights into the relation between "speech" and "text" in the encounter of the Homeric tradition with writing.


"Bakker insists that oral poetry be understood not in contrast to written poetry, but as one manifestation of oral speech-activity among many; the Illiad and Poetry in Speech were composed by a poet trained in oral performance. Bakker calls attention to an impressive array of parallels between Homeric and ordinary spoken language. Parts 2 and 3 of this book have taught me a great deal, even after half a century of familiarity with Homeric verse, and are certain to sharpen appreciation of Homer’s style for most other readers, whether oralist or scripsist, adept or tyro."

- Merritt Sale, Classical Philology

About the Author

Egbert J. Bakker is Professor of Classics at Yale University. He is the author of many books, including Pointing at the Past: From Formula to Performance in Homeric Poetics and The Meaning of Meat and the Structure of the Odyssey.


Interpreting Greek Tragedy: Myth, Poetry, Text

Charles Segal
Interpreting Greek Tragedy

390 Pages
ISBN: 9781501746697
Cornell University Press

This generous selection of published essays by the distinguished classicist Charles Segal represents over twenty years of critical inquiry into the questions of what Greek tragedy is and what it means for modern-day readers. Taken together, the essays reflect profound changes in the study of Greek tragedy in the United States during this period-in particular, the increasing emphasis on myth, psychoanalytic interpretation, structuralism, and semiotics.

About the Author

Charles Segal (1936–2002) taught classics at the University of Pennsylvania, Brown University, Princeton University, and Harvard University, where he was Walter C. Klein Professor of the Classics. Among his many books are, as author, Interpreting Greek Tragedy: Myth, Poetry, Text and Singers, Heroes, and Gods in the "Odyssey", both published by Cornell University Press.


Saturday, May 29, 2021

Homer: The Poetry of the Past

Andrew Ford

240 Pages
ISBN: 9781501740657
Cornell University Press

Andrew Ford here addresses, in a manner both engaging and richly informed, the perennial questions of what poetry is, how it came to be, and what it is for. Focusing on the critical moment in Western literature when the heroic tales of the Greek oral tradition began to be preserved in writing, he examines these questions in the light of Homeric poetry. Through fresh readings of the Iliad and the Odyssey, and referring to other early epics as well, Ford deepens our understanding of what poetry was at a time before written texts, before a developed sense of authorship, and before the existence of institutionalized criticism.

Placing what is known about Homer's art in the wider context of Homer's world, Ford traces the effects of the oral tradition upon the development of the epic and addresses such issues as the sources of the poet's inspiration and the generic constraints upon epic composition. After exploring Homer's poetic vocabulary and his fictional and mythical representations of the art of singing, Ford reconstructs an idea of poetry much different from that put forth by previous interpreters. Arguing that Homer grounds his project in religious rather than literary or historical terms, he concludes that archaic poetry claims to give a uniquely transparent and immediate rendering of the past.

Homer: The Poetry of the Past will be stimulating and enjoyable reading for anyone interested in the traditions of poetry, as well as for students and scholars in the fields of classics, literary theory and literary history, and intellectual history.

About the Author

Andrew Ford is Assistant Professor of Classics at Princeton University.

Friday, May 28, 2021

Kyprianos Update (28 May 2021)

Kyprianos Update (28 May 2021)

We’ve just posted our latest update to the Kyprianos Database of Ancient Ritual Texts and Objects. As well as correcting some small mistakes in manuscript, text, and archive entries, the update includes:

  • 22 new manuscript entries, bringing the total to 911.
    • These contain primarily Greek and/or Coptic magical texts from Egypt.
  • 6 new text entries, bringing the total to 94. Among the texts we’ve chosen for this update are…
    • the Hymn of Praise of the Archangel Michael, the longest surviving Coptic magical text, a fascinating long prayer for healing and protection from demons attributed to Michael himself. Our new edition is the first since the original German edition of 1966 to be based on the images of the manuscript itself, and also draws upon an unpublished parallel belonging to the Collège the France to resolve some confusing sections of the text, and correct several mistakes from the earlier editions.
    • One of the earliest surviving Coptic magical texts, a curse against a man named Jacob (Iakōb) written in the Akhmimic dialect. This is the first of a group of Akhmimic curses which we’ll be publishing here over the next few updates.
    • An amulet asking for protection for a Zakharias; our new translation resolves several problems with the original edition, and reveals it to be a prayer attributed to the Virgin Mary (as Jacques van der Vliet already observed in 1991!).
    • One of the lists of the names of the Forty Martyrs of Sebaste, a group of soldier saints whose names were often copied as amulets.
  • The manuscripts table now also contains links to texts mirrored and given linguistic analysis in the Coptic Scriptorium. One example of this can be seen here, and we look forward to increasing the number of mirrored texts as our editing work continues.


The Idea of the Labyrinth from Classical Antiquity through the Middle Ages

Penelope Reed Doob 

 The Idea of the Labyrinth from Classical Antiquity through the Middle Ages

378 Pages
ISBN: 9781501738456
Cornell University Press

Ancient and medieval labyrinths embody paradox, according to Penelope Reed Doob. Their structure allows a double perspective—the baffling, fragmented prospect confronting the maze-treader within, and the comprehensive vision available to those without. Mazes simultaneously assert order and chaos, artistry and confusion, articulated clarity and bewildering complexity, perfected pattern and hesitant process. In this handsomely illustrated book, Doob reconstructs from a variety of literary and visual sources the idea of the labyrinth from the classical period through the Middle Ages.

Doob first examines several complementary traditions of the maze topos, showing how ancient historical and geographical writings generate metaphors in which the labyrinth signifies admirable complexity, while poetic texts tend to suggest that the labyrinth is a sign of moral duplicity. She then describes two common models of the labyrinth and explores their formal implications: the unicursal model, with no false turnings, found almost universally in the visual arts; and the multicursal model, with blind alleys and dead ends, characteristic of literary texts. This paradigmatic clash between the labyrinths of art and of literature becomes a key to the metaphorical potential of the maze, as Doob's examination of a vast array of materials from the classical period through the Middle Ages suggests. She concludes with linked readings of four "labyrinths of words": Virgil's Aeneid, Boethius' Consolation of Philosophy, Dante's Divine Comedy, and Chaucer's House of Fame, each of which plays with and transforms received ideas of the labyrinth as well as reflecting and responding to aspects of the texts that influenced it.

Doob not only provides fresh theoretical and historical perspectives on the labyrinth tradition, but also portrays a complex medieval aesthetic that helps us to approach structurally elaborate early works. Readers in such fields as Classical literature, Medieval Studies, Renaissance Studies, comparative literature, literary theory, art history, and intellectual history will welcome this wide-ranging and illuminating book.


"An admirably argued, massively informed, and often brilliant book. It will be a widely useful source, and will lead to important new approaches to a whole range of texts and artworks. Doob includes superb new readings of Virgil, Boethius, Dante, and Chaucer."

- Christopher Baswell, Barnard College

About the Author

Penelope Reed Doob is Professor of English and Multidisciplinary Studies at York University, Toronto.

Die antiken Sonnenuhren Griechenlands

Karlheinz Schaldach 
Bei Griechen und Römern war es üblich, die Stunden, die den Zeitraum von Sonnenaufgang bis Sonnenuntergang unterteilten, an Sonnenuhren abzulesen. Es waren Messinstrumente, die von griechischen Wissenschaftlern ersonnen wurden. Sie offenbaren eine intensive Auseinandersetzung mit astronomischen Phänomenen, während ihre Ausführung den ihnen beigemessenen Sinn und Wert widerspiegelt. Kein anderes wissenschaftliches Instrument der Antike hat sich so häufig erhalten. Ihre Anzahl spiegelt die Wertschätzung der Innovation in der damaligen Gesellschaft wider. Dieser Doppelband stellt nicht nur einzelne Funde griechischer Sonnenuhren in Wort und Bild vor, sondern will darüber hinaus durch die Einbeziehung antiker Texte und Inschriften sowie antiker Abbildungen aufzeigen, wie die Sonnenuhr in das kulturelle Leben des Altertums eingebunden war. Dem schließt sich eine Betrachtung der mathematischen und astronomischen Grundlagen des Messinstruments und seiner Genauigkeit an. Der vorliegende Band 1 eröffnet anhand zahlreicher Forschungsliteratur neue Perspektiven auf die antiken Sonnenuhren. Der Schwerpunkt der Studie liegt dabei auf den griechischen Uhren, doch werden römische Exemplare und Abbildungen sowie lateinische Texte und Inschrifternen insbesondere bei Fragen nach dem Wissenstransfer mit herangezogen.
Reihe: Berlin Studies of the Ancient World. Vol. 76-1
Jahr: 2021
DOI: 10.17171/3-76-1
ISBN: 978-3-9820670-5-6
Reihe: Berlin Studies of the Ancient World. Vol. 76-2
Jahr: 2021
DOI: 10.17171/3-76-2
ISBN: 978-3-9820670-7-0

Elegiac Eyes: Vision in Roman Love Elegy

Cover Elegiac Eyes
 Elegiac Eyes is an in-depth examination of vision and spectacle in Roman love elegy. It approaches vision from the perspective of Roman cultural modes of viewing and locates its analysis in close textual readings of Tibullus, Propertius, and Ovid. The paradoxical nature of the Roman eyes, which according to contemporary optical theories were able to penetrate and be penetrated, as well as the complex role of vision in society, provided the elegists with a productive canvas for their poems. By locating the elegists’ visual games within their contemporary context, Elegiac Eyes demonstrates how the elegists were manipulating notions that were specifically Roman and familiar to their readership.
ISBN: 978-1-4539-0785-6


Thursday, May 27, 2021

Open Access Monograph Series: Trismegistos Online Publications (TOP)

[First posted in AWOL 18 July 2014, updated 27 May 20121]

Trismegistos Online Publications (TOP)
This series, edited by W. Clarysse (K.U.Leuven), M. Depauw (K.U.Leuven), and formerly also the late H. J. Thissen (Universität zu Köln), aims to provide freely downloadable pdf-documents with scholarly tools based upon or providing links to the Trismegistos database.

Contributors can send in manuscripts in Word format to Mark Depauw. The editors will decide whether the manuscript fits in the series and can be accepted for reviewing. An anonymous version of the manuscript will then be sent to two or more peers for evaluation. On the basis of their report the editors will take a decision whether to publish it in the series or not. Authors will be given the anonymous notes of the reviewers and can be asked to implement changes to their manuscript.


(Click on the article icon to start downloading the PDF - click here for TOP Special Series)

TOP 1: A Chronological Survey of Precisely Dated Demotic and Abnormal Hieratic Sources

M. Depauw, C. Arlt, M. Elebaut, A. Georgila, S.A. Gülden, H. Knuf, J. Moje, F. Naether, H. Verreth, S. Bronischewski, B. Derichs, S. Eslah, M. Kromer

Version 1.0 (February 2007), Köln / Leuven 2008, xiii, 232 pp.
ISBN: 978-9-490604-0-04

TOP 2: A survey of toponyms in Egypt in the Graeco-Roman period

H. Verreth

Version 2.0 (July 2013), Köln / Leuven 2013, 1253 pp. (12 Mb).
ISBN: To be determined (Version 1.0: 978-9-490604-0-35)
(The old version 1.0, from September 2008, is still available as well: click here to download in pdf).

TOP 3: The provenance of Egyptian documents from the 8th century BC till the 8th century AD

H. Verreth

Version 1.0 (August 2009), Köln / Leuven 2009, 314 pp. (13.3 Mb).
ISBN: 978-9-490604-0-28

TOP 4: Rural Settlements of the Oxyrhynchite Nome. A Papyrological Survey

A. Benaissa

Version 3.0 (May 2021), Leuven 2021, 512 pp. (11.7 Mb).
ISBN: 978-9-490604-0-42
(The old versions 1.0, from October 2009, and 2.0, from May 2012, are still available as well: click here for version 1.0 and here for version 2.0 to download in pdf).

TOP 5: Toponyms in Demotic and Abnormal Hieratic texts from the 8th century BC till the 5th century AD

H. Verreth

Version 1.0 (August 2011), Köln / Leuven 2011, 719 pp. (9.6 Mb).
ISBN: 978-9-490604-0-66

TOP 6: A New Survey of Greek, Coptic, Demotic and Latin Tabulae Preserved from Classical Antiquity

K. A. Worp

Version 1.0 (February 2012), Leiden / Leuven 2012, 78 pp. (0.6 Mb).
ISBN: 978-9-490604-0-59

TOP 7: The Scholia Minora in Homerum. An Alphabetical List

J. Lundon

Version 1.0 (November 2012), Köln / Leuven 2012, 250 pp. (2.0 Mb).
ISBN: 978-94-9060-407-3

TOP 8: Double Names in Roman Egypt: A Prosopography

Y. Broux

Version 1.0 (January 2015), Leuven 2015, ix & 357 pp. (2.3 Mb).
ISBN: 978-94-9060-408-0

TOP Special Series

Often a PhD thesis for some reason cannot be published immediately. In the years that follow, the authors do not find the time to revise the manuscript as they wanted. This in turn causes problems because new literature appears or the evidence of new sources needs to be incorporated. As a result, the manuscript often remains unpublished and the valuable insights risk to be inaccessible and thus lost for scholarship. To prevent this, Trismegistos Online Publications have decided to open up a new 'Special Series', where valuable PhD theses or other scholarly manuscripts can be published with an ISBN number.

Contributors can send in manuscripts in Word or PDF format to Mark Depauw. The editor will consult experts about the quality of the manuscript without taking into account whether it is abreast of recent scholarly literature or developments.


(Click on the article icon to start downloading the PDF)

TOP SS1: Panopolis, a Nome Capital in Egypt in the Roman and Byzantine Period (ca. AD 200-600)

K. Geens

Leuven 2014 [= Diss. Leuven 2007], xiii & 578 pp. (28.4 Mb).
ISBN: 978-94-9060-409-7

TOP SS2: Theadelpheia and Euhemereia. Village History in Graeco-Roman Egypt

J. France

Leuven, 1999 [Unpublished PhD thesis]
Warning: large file (55MB)

TOP SS3: Egyptische geografische elementen in Griekse transcriptie

K. Vandorpe

Leuven, 1988 [Unpublished PhD thesis in Dutch. English title (for reference only): Egyptian geographical elements in Greek transcription]
Warning: large file (ZIP - 96MB). After decompressing, you will get a folder containing the text itself - which has been split up in 2 parts – and an index to the text. All files are searchable PDF's.

TOP SS4: The northern Sinai from the 7th century BC till the 7th century AD. A guide to the sources

H. Verreth

Leuven, 2006
ISBN: 978-94-9060-401-1

TOP SS5: A Survey of Petitions and Related Documents from Ptolemaic Egypt

G. Baetens

Leuven, 2020 [revised version of 2017 PhD]
ISBN: 978-94-9060-410-3

Reaching Athens: Community, Democracy and Other Mythologies in Adaptations of Greek Tragedy

Why do revivals and adaptations of Greek tragedy still abound in European national theatres, fringe stages and international festivals in the twenty-first century? Taking as its starting point the concepts of myth developed by Jean-Luc Nancy and Roland Barthes and the notion of the ‘classical’ outlined by Salvatore Settis, this book analyses discourses around community, democracy, origin and Western identity in stage adaptations of Greek tragedy on contemporary European stages. The author addresses the ways in which the theatre produces and perpetuates the myth of ‘classical’ Greece as the origin of Europe and how this narrative raises issues concerning the possibility of a transnational European community. Each chapter explores a pivotal problem in modern appropriations of Greek tragedy, including the performance of the chorus, the concept of the ‘obscene’ and the audience as the demos of democracy. Modern versions of Women of Troy, Hippolytus and Persians performed in Britain, France, Spain, Germany, Italy, Poland and Greece are analysed through a series of comparative case studies. By engaging with the work of prominent theatre-makers such as Mark Ravenhill, Michel Vinaver, Katie Mitchell, Sarah Kane, Krzysztof Warlikowski, Romeo Castellucci, Calixto Bieito and Rimini Protokoll, this volume offers a critique of contemporary democratic Europe and the way it represents itself onstage.

 ISBN: 978-3-0353-0434-3



Mortuary Practices and Social Relationships at the Naqada III Cemetery of Tarkhan in Egypt

Thesis posted on 27.05.2021, 00:35
This thesis examines mortuary practices and social relationships at the northern Egyptian cemetery of Tarkhan. 968 graves were analysed dating from the pre-state period. This research has revealed that burying the dead was influenced by many factors including social relations, kinship, memory and ideology. It is clear that community-based mortuary practices were more complex than previous models of pre-state Egyptian society have suggested. This study contributes new knowledge to the cemetery of Tarkhan and to the processes involved in burial practices.

Principal supervisor

Hilary Gopnik

Year of Award


Department, School or Centre

School of Philosophical, Historical & International Studies


Doctor of Philosophy

Degree Type



Faculty of Arts



Like Man, Like Woman: Roman Women, Gender Qualities and Conjugal Relationships at the Turn of the First Century

Cover Like Man, Like Woman
Modern scholarship often discusses Roman women in terms of their difference from their male counterparts, frequently defining them as ‘other’. This book shows how Roman male writers at the turn of the first century actually described women as not so different from men: the same qualities and abilities pertaining to the domains of parenthood, intellect and morals are ascribed by writers to women as well as to men. There are two voices, however: a traditional, ideal voice and an individual, realistic voice. This creates a duality of representations of women, which recurs across literary genres and reflects a duality of mentality. How can we interpret the paradoxical information about Roman women given by the male-authored texts? How does this duality of mentality inform us about gender roles and gender hierarchy?
This work analyses well-known, as well as overlooked, passages from the writings of Pliny the Younger, Tacitus, Suetonius, Quintilian, Statius, Martial and Juvenal and sheds new light on Roman views of women and their abilities, on the notions of private and public and on conjugal relationships. In the process, the famous sixth satire of Juvenal is revisited and its topic reassessed, providing further insights into the complex issues of gender roles, marriage and emotions. By contrasting representations of women across a broad spectrum of literary genres, this book provides consistent findings that have wide significance for the study of Latin literature and the social history of the late first and early second centuries
ISBN: 978-3-0353-0486-2


Verbal Aspect Theory and the Prohibitions in the Greek New Testament

Verbal Aspect Theory and the Prohibitions in the Greek New Testament

Cover Verbal Aspect Theory and the Prohibitions in the Greek New Testament
The end of the twentieth and the beginning of the twenty-first centuries have involved much discussion on overhauling and refining a scholarly understanding of the verbal system for first-century Greek. These discussions have included advances in verbal aspect theory and other linguistic approaches to describing the grammatical phenomena of ancient languages. This volume seeks to apply some of that learning to the narrow realm of how prohibitions were constructed in the first-century Greek of the New Testament.
Part 1 «The Great Prohibition Debate» seeks to demonstrate that verbal aspect theory has a better explanation than traditional Aktionsart theory for authorial choices between the negated present imperative and the negated aorist subjunctive in expressing prohibitions in the Greek New Testament.
Part 2 «All the Prohibitions in the Greek NT» continues to examine prohibitions, but is more of an exercise in functional linguistics. That is, rather than apply verbal aspect theory to the grammar of prohibition constructions, Part 2 seeks only to survey the (initially surprising) wide variety of ways prohibitions can be expressed in koine Greek: more than a dozen different constructions. To do this, the NT prohibitions are grouped in their varying grammatical-syntactical and/or pragmatic constructions, all of which function – in varying degrees – in a prohibitory fashion. This taxonomy may prove to be the beginnings of further investigations into how biblical Greek communicates commands. 
ISBN: 978-1-4541-9586-3


Wednesday, May 26, 2021

Entre archéologie et histoire : dialogues sur divers peuples de l’Italie préromaine. E pluribus unum?

Edited by Michel Aberson, Maria Cristina Biella, Massimiliano Di Fazio and Manuela Wullschleger 
Cover Myth and Ideology

Le projet « E pluribus unum » ? L’Italie, de la diversité préromaine à l’unité augustéenne entend faire le tour des populations antiques de l’Italie centrale, illustrant de quelle manière celles-ci ont contribué à forger l’« identité inachevée » de l’Italie romaine. Chaque volume est le résultat d’une rencontre scientifique dédiée à une période précise et aux problématiques qui lui sont propres.

Le premier volume, consacré aux périodes qui ont précédé la conquête romaine, met ainsi en scène Sabins, Ombriens, Picéniens, Samnites, Campaniens, Lucaniens, Volsques, Falisques, Capénates et Latins au travers des thématiques suivantes : l’émergence des divers ethnè dans les sources écrites, les spécificités culturelles perceptibles pour chacun d’entre eux par le biais de l’archéologie, les liens entre ethnos et territoire et les relations avec les ethnè voisins.
Dans chaque cas, une démarche transdisciplinaire a été confiée à un binôme de chercheurs, l’une de formation plutôt archéologique, l’autre plus historique. L’ensemble de l’équipe, relevant de traditions académiques différentes, a ainsi cherché à vérifier dans quelle mesure ces « feux croisés » aboutissaient à des conclusions analogues ou mettaient au contraire en évidence une série d’images contrastées.
Il progetto «E pluribus unum»? L’Italia dalla diversità preromana all’unità augustea intende fornire in tre volumi un quadro sulle popolazioni dell’Italia centrale antica e sul loro contributo alla formazione dell’«identità incompiuta» della Penisola Italiana in età romana. Ogni volume è frutto di un incontro di studi dedicato ad un preciso periodo di tempo e alle sue problematiche.
Il primo volume, incentrato sulla fase precedente alla conquista romana della penisola, prende in considerazione una selezione di popoli: Sabini, Umbri, Piceni, Sanniti, Campani, Lucani, Volsci, Falisci, Capenati e Latini. Per ciascuno di essi vengono affrontate nel dettaglio le seguenti tematiche: l’emergere dell’ ethnos nelle fonti storiche e la possibilità di riconoscere una specificità culturale nelle fonti archeologiche, il legame dell’ ethnos con il territorio e i rapporti con le realtà confinanti.
L’analisi, affidata a una coppia di studiosi, uno di formazione più archeologica ed uno più storico, espressioni di diverse tradizioni accademiche europee, ha lo scopo di verificare se questo «fuoco incrociato» porta a conclusioni analoghe o finisce per mettere in risalto una diversa immagine a seconda della prospettiva adottata.
The project «E pluribus unum»? Italy from the pre-Roman fragmentation to the Augustan unity aims to give (thanks to a set of three volumes) a picture of the peoples of ancient pre-Roman central Italy and of the contribution made by them to the formation of the «unaccomplished identity» of the Italian peninsula during the late-Republic and Empire. Each book is the outcome of a conference, dedicated to a specific chronological period and to its problems.
The first volume, centred on the phase preceding the Roman conquest of the peninsula, takes into consideration a selection of peoples: Sabini, Umbri, Piceni, Samnites, Campani, Lucani, Volsci, Falisci, Capenates and Latini. For each of them the following themes are tackled in detail: the emergence of the ethnos in ancient written sources and the possibility of recognizing a cultural specificity in the archaeological record, the link between the ethnos and the territory, and the relationship with the neighbouring ethne.

ISBN: 978-3-0351-9913-0


Networks of Stone: Sculpture and Society in Archaic and Classical Athens

Cover Networks of Stone

Networks of Stone explores the social and creative processes of sculpture production in Athens in the sixth and fifth centuries BC. Using the concept of art worlds, it analyses the contributions and interactions of all those who were in some way part of creating the sculpture set up in the sanctuaries and cemeteries of Athens. The choices that were made not only by patrons and sculptors but also by traders in various materials and a range of craftsmen all influenced the final appearance of these works of art. By looking beyond the sculptor to the network of craftsmen and patrons that constituted the art world, this study offers new insights into well-known archaeological evidence and some of the highlights of classical art history.

ISBN: 978-3-0353-9489-4



In the Shadow of Djoser’s Pyramid: Research of Polish Archaeologists in Saqqara

Cover In the Shadow of Djoser’s Pyramid
The book presents the discoveries made by the Polish archaeological mission in Saqqara, the central part of the largest ancient Egyptian royal necropolis. The area adjacent to the Pyramid of King Djoser on the monument’s west side, so far neglected by archaeologists, turned out to be an important burial place of the Egyptian nobility from two periods of Pharaonic history: the Old Kingdom (the late third millennium BC) and the Ptolemaic Period (the late first millennium BC). The earlier, lower cemetery yielded rock-hewn tombs with splendid wall decoration in relief and painting. The book also describes methods of conservation applied to the discovered artefacts and episodes from the mission’s life.
ISBN: 978-3-631-82060-5


Textualization of Experience: Studies on Ancient Greek Literature

Cover Textualization of Experience 
The book is an analysis of Greek Hellenistic literature with the help of conceptual tools of cultural studies and media theory. Its main aim is to describe the cultural process during which Greek authors in the 4th and 3rd centuries B.C. made the “textualization of experience", that is, transferred phenomenalistically understood qualities of human sensory experience to the categories characteristic for textual description – as far as possible for them. This process is shown by examples from the works of Xenophon, Aristotle, Theophrastus, Philitas of Kos and Archimedes. The author also tries to show some of the consequences that the phenomenon of the Hellenistic textualization of experience had for the later epochs of European culture.

 ISBN: 978-3-631-83847-1



Tuesday, May 25, 2021

Cornell Open: Classics

Gender and Genre in the Folklore of Middle India

Gender and Genre in the Folklore of Middle India

Joyce Burkhalter Flueckiger

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Heroic Poets, Poetic Heroes

Heroic Poets, Poetic Heroes

Dwight F. Reynolds

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Andrew Ford

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The Idea of the Labyrinth from Classical Antiquity through the Middle Ages

The Idea of the Labyrinth from Classical Antiquity through the Middle Ages

Penelope Reed Doob

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Interpreting Greek Tragedy

Interpreting Greek Tragedy

Charles Segal

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Poetry in Speech

Poetry in Speech

Egbert J. Bakker

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The Public and the Private in Aristotle's Political Philosophy

The Public and the Private in Aristotle's Political Philosophy

Judith A. Swanson

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Ritual Irony

Ritual Irony

Helene P. Foley

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Sons of the Gods, Children of Earth

Sons of the Gods, Children of Earth

Peter W. Rose

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