Friday, December 30, 2022

2023 Dig Opportunities

Participating in an archaeological excavation is a unique and exciting way to experience history firsthand. For almost five decades, BAS has been connecting volunteers with opportunities to participate in some of the most exciting archaeological excavations in the Middle East. A wide variety of people take part in our featured digs, and individuals of many different ages, backgrounds, and cultures have come together to share the thrill of discovery.

Dozens of archaeological digs in Israel, Jordan, and elsewhere are looking for volunteers to help them excavate history. Whether you’re interested in the worlds of Kings David and Solomon, want to walk in the footsteps of Jesus and the apostles, or work in an ancient Phoenician city, we’ve got an archaeological dig for you. For each dig, we provide an in-depth description including location, historical and biblical significance, and the goals for the upcoming season. You can also learn all about the dig directors and professors who will lead your summer adventure.

Active Digs
These digs are ongoing but may not run every season.

Steppe Tribes on the North-Western Borders of Khorezm from the 6th-2nd Centuries BCE to the 2nd-4th centuries AD (Based on Materials from the Burial Mound of Kazybaba I)

.N. Yagodin, E. P. Kitov, A. M. Mamedov and K .A. Zhambulatov
ISBN: 978-9943-357-72-3;
Era: V.N. Yagodin, E. P. Kitov, A. M. Mamedov and K .A. Zhambulatov;
Country : Uzbekistan;

On the border area between Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan, there was the burial ground of Kazybaba I, which is currently the largest of the completely excavated early nomadic burial grounds (from Sauromatian to late Sarmatian time) on the territory of Ustyurt. The remarkable archaeologist Vadim Nikolaevich Yagodin was engaged in excavations of the monument in 1988-1990. As a result of these works, significant archaeological and anthropological material was gathered, which Vadim Nikolayevich did not have time to bring into academic circulation.Another generation of researchers - E. P. Kitov, A. M. Mamedov and K .A. Zhambulatov studied the material from the necropolis stored in the Department of Archaeology at the Institute of Humanities, Karakalpak Branch of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan, which resulted in the monograph Steppe Tribes on the North-Western Borders of Khorezm from the 6th-2nd Centuries BCE to the 2nd-4th centuries AD (Based on Materials from the Burial Mound of Kazybaba I) published on the basis of the achievements of Vadim Nikolayevich and with the financial support of the International Institute for Central Asian Studies. The significant period between the study of the site and the publication of the monograph made it possible for the authors to more fully analyse the available material against the backdrop of the Sauromatian-Sarmatian monuments in the arid zone of Eurasia.




Archaeologists of Tajikistan

Galina Karimova
ISBN: 978-99947-33-99-6;
Era: Galina Karimova;
Country : Tajikistan



Catalogue of Sogdian writings in Central Asia

Managing Editor: Alim Feyzulaev
ISBN: 978-9943-357-70-9; 
Country : Uzbekistan;

The publication was made by International Institute for Central Asian Studies under the 2022 ACC-MOWCAP (the Asia Culture Center and UNESCO Memory of the World Committee for the Asia-Pacific) Small Grants Programme. The publication is addressed to specialists, university students and a wide range of readers interested in the cultural heritage of the Silk Roads.

Thursday, December 29, 2022

Capital Cities in Late Bronze Age Greater Mesopotamia

Capital Cities in Late Bronze Age Greater MesopotamiaEvan Anders Carlson

This dissertation explores the relationships among founding capital cities, defining state territories, and creating and propagating national identities. In the modern period and deep into history, nascent nations struggling to define themselves and unify diverse states have founded capital cities to embody a national ethos, reveal a shared history, direct the relationship among subjects and government, and differentiate a society from its international peers. In the Late Bronze Age (LBA) (1550-1050 BC) Near/Middle East, numerous expanding territorial-states developed means of defining their territories and relationships to their international peers, and these means included founding new capital cities. This dissertation investigates three capital cities built ex nihilo in LBA Greater Mesopotamia (Iraq and Southwest Iran): Dur Kurigalzu in Babylonia (Southern Iraq), Al Untaš Napiriša in Elam (Southwest Iran), and Kar Tukulti Ninurta in Assyria (Northern Iraq). Eponymous kings founded these cities while seeking to unify and control vast territories of overlapping relationships among people, cities, tribes, gods, and kings. These cities exhibited the power of kings who desired total territorial control, but to unify their states and maintain rule over diverse territories, they needed populations to internalize their propaganda. By founding new capitals, these kings tried to combine their personas into a new state identity and encouraged urban, regional, and international groups to interact with their monumental building projects.

The three capitals in question have yielded very different archaeological datasets. These myriad datasets allow an investigation of different issues concerning each capital, including: how the capitals relate to regional state-building projects, how monumental architecture and inscriptions represent ideological manifestations of the king and state, how people interacted in planning and constructing the city, and how different urban populations constructed their own spaces and experienced the monumental schemes. At a regional level, archaeological survey data reveal the commercial and administrative networks that LBA powers developed and utilized to support their new cities and control and unify their territories. Archaeological remains of inscriptions and architecture reveal how rulers used religion and history to create “national” identities that merged the king and state. Analyzing the layouts and uses of space in the cities and the context and content of inscribed material reveals both how kings sought to impose their visions over the spaces where people lived and how people negotiated these systems and merged their practices with the royal visions. Comparing different archaeological datasets from the three different cases and the role of capital cities in ancient and modern periods reveals the motives of those who built, maintained, and abandoned these spaces and the interactions among political forces, populations, and landscapes in forming and maintaining territorial-states.

Carter, Elizabeth F
Carlson, E. (2017). Capital Cities in Late Bronze Age Greater Mesopotamia. UCLA. ProQuest ID: Carlson_ucla_0031D_15812. Merritt ID: ark:/13030/m5m9540m. Retrieved from

Publication Date:
UCLA Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Local Identifier(s):
ProQuest ID: Carlson_ucla_0031D_15812
Merritt ID: ark:/13030/m5m9540m


Wednesday, December 28, 2022

Antigone: An Open Forum For Classics

 [First posted in AWOL 23 May 2021, updated 28 December 2022]

Antigone is a new and open forum for Classics in the twenty-first century.

Our articles will dust down the Ancient Greeks and Romans and bring them into fresh conversation with modern-day readers of all ages. We are fascinated by and passionate about Graeco-Roman antiquity and wish to introduce as many people as possible to its thrills and its spills, its charms and its challenges.

Classics is an enormously rich and varied discipline: we are committed to sharing, in an intelligent and accessible form, the joys of ancient languages, literature, history, philosophy, religion, art and architecture.

Antigone is an experiment in open learning. We wish to debate complex issues with balance and nuance. We encourage feedback and constructive criticism from our readers, as well as ideas for articles that will continue the conversation. In particular, we welcome possible answers to questions that we cannot answer ourselves. Our aim is always to encourage curiosity, foster discussion and find our collective way through the labyrinth of ideas, without knowing where exactly we will end up.

Most importantly, the contributors to Antigone are united by a love of Classics. To be sure, not every idea from Classical antiquity deserves to be defended, and we enthusiastically invite critical analysis of those that may be wrong. On the whole, however, our writers do seek to uphold and promote ideals that held sway thousands of years ago: open enquiry, robust debate and the unfettered exploration of ideas.

Our guidelines for contributors can be found here, and our launch press release here. We are still in the process of allocating editorial roles based upon time available, and look forward to saying more as soon as we can.



Rock Music

Hitting the hard stuff in Classical literature.

Beyond the Metropolis? The Roman Town of Interamna Lirenas

Are buried towns really left behind?