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Khirbat en-Nahas Project خربة النحاس
As a part of the Edom Lowlands Regional Archaeology Project the UCSD Levantine Archaeology Lab under the direction of Prof. Thomas Levy, has excavated three seasons at Khirbat en-Nahas (KEN). This study of Iron Age state formation in southern Jordan is deeply rooted in three conceptual frameworks: a) general anthropological theory concerning processes of secondary state formation and the evolution of social power, b) historical models concerning the Iron Age based on Anthropology, Biblical and extra-Biblical sources, and c) Middle Range theory that aims at linking raw archaeological data with more complex generalizations and conclusions about the past based on the hard archaeological evidence retrieved from the excavations. Fundamentally, the research was a response to the unsolved problem of who controlled metal production at this key Levantine site during the Iron Age, a period that follows the collapse of many of the Late Bronze Age civilizations in the eastern Mediterranean region. Recent field work at KEN and limited AMS radiocarbon dating have pushed back the dates for the Iron Age in Edom some 200 to 400 years earlier than previously thought (Levy et al 2004, 2005; Higham et al 2005). This has opened up new research questions that challenge models that explain the emergence of the Edomite state (i.e. core-civilization (Assyrian) dominance over Edom vs. local peer polity interaction with neighboring statelets such as Israel, Judah, Moab and others).
- Field Directors
- Research Team Members
- 1365 digital objects.
- Levy TE, Najjar M, and Ben-Yosef E, editors. 2014. New Insights into the Iron Age Archaeology of Edom, Southern Jordan - Surveys, Excavations and Research from the Edom Lowlands Regional Archaeology Project (ELRAP). Los Angeles: Cotsen Institute of Archaeology Press UCLA.
- Preferred Citation
- Levy, Thomas E.; UC San Diego Levantine Archaeology Laboratory (2014): Khirbat en-Nahas Project. UC San Diego Library Digital Collections. http://dx.doi.org/10.6075/J0WD3XHP
- Scope And Content
- Since 1997, the UC San Diego Levantine Archaeology Laboratory
has worked closely with the Department of Antiquities of Jordan on a
deep-time study of the role of mining and metallurgy over nine thousand
years from the Neolithic period to Islamic times – in Jordan’s Faynan
district, some 50 km south of the Dead Sea. Faynan, located near the
beautiful Dana Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature Biosphere
Reserve, is home to one of the world’s best preserved ancient copper
mining and metallurgy districts. The UCSD project is called the Edom
Lowlands Regional Archaeology Project, or ELRAP. ELRAP is special
because of its focus on developing and using a high-tech, on-site
digital archaeology system. Through the project students have gained
extensive experience not only participating in archaeological survey and
excavation, but also mastering an array of digital survey and recording
tools. There is also a strong daily field laboratory component to the
research that includes analysis of ceramics, zooarchaeology,
archaeometallurgy, lithics, digital photography, GIS and more.
The excavated material from KEN consists primarily of ceramics and material associated with the process of copper production, including slag, furnace fragments, tuyere pipes and copper left behind. Other special finds include scarabs, beads and other objects related to daily life at KEN. The digital collection consists of the spatial data collected during excavation, descriptions of important finds, illustrations, photographs, video, three-dimensional scans of objects and the site, and spectrographic data.
- Location Of Originals
- The physical collection is on permanent loan from Jordan to the Levantine Archaeology Lab at UC San Diego.
- FormatsView formats within this collection
- Aerial photographs--Jordan
- Arabah Valley (Israel and Jordan)--Antiquities
- Ceramic materials--Analysis
- Data tables
- Edom (Kingdom)--Antiquities
- Edom (Kingdom)--Civilization
- Ethnoarchaeology--Edom (Kingdom)
- Excavations (Archaeology)--Edom (Kingdom)
- Excavations (Archaeology)--Jordan
- Faynān Wādī (Jordan)--Antiquities
- Iron age--Edom (Kingdom)
- Material culture--Edom (Kingdom)
- Point cloud
- Pottery, Prehistoric--Edom (Kingdom)--Analysis
- Social structure--Edom (Kingdom)
- Video recording--Jordan
- Related Resource
- UCSD Research Data Collections