Thursday, February 28, 2013

Open Access Journal: Mitteilungen aus der Sammlung Papyrus Erzherzog Rainer

Mitteilungen aus der Sammlung Papyrus Erzherzog Rainer
Volume 1, pt. 1-2
Volume 2
Volume 2-3
Volume 4-6

Open Access Journal: Teologia Patrystycna - Patristic Theology

Teologia Patrystycna - Patristic Theology
ISSN: 1732-4793
TEOLOGIA PATRYSTYCZNA ukazuje się od 2004 roku. Do tej pory przygotowano 8 numerów tematycznych. W zamierzeniach Redakcji TEOLOGIA PATRYSTYCZNA jest forum prezentacji wyników badań prowadzonych z zakresu teologii patrystycznej i starożytnej literatury chrześcijańskiej w różnych ośrodkach teologicznych w Polsce i poza jej granicami. Osobny dział zamieszczanych publikacji stanowią tłumaczenia dzieł starożytnych autorów chrześcijańskich.

PROMARE: Promoting Marine Research and Exploration

PROMARE: Promoting Marine Research and Exploration
Promare - Promoting Marine Research and Exploration 
Established in 2001 to promote marine research and exploration throughout the world, ProMare is a non-profit corporation and public charity, 501(c)(3).

Our team of experienced archaeologists and marine professionals execute a variety of research projects independently and in concert with academic, corporate, public, and governmental organizations and agencies that are designed to advance man’s knowledge of history and science.
Elizabeth Lyding Will’s Publications
[The link above includes a full bibliography - only the open access items are listed below]
    • 2002. “My Blood of the Covenant.” Archaeology Odyssey Jan-Feb edition, accessed on Biblical Archaeology Online Archives. E.L. Will 2002 My Blood of the Covenant
    • 2001. “Truth in Roman Labeling?” American Journal of Archaeology 105(2):263. EL Will 2001 Truth in Roman Labeling
    • 2001. “Defining the ‘Regna Vini’ of the Sestii.” In New Light from Ancient Cosa: Studies in Honor of Cleo Rickman Fitch, edited by N. Goldman, 35-47. New York: Peter Lang Publishers. Will 2001 Defining the Regna Vini of the Sestii
    • 2000. “The Roman Amphora: Learning from Storage Jars.” Archaeology Odyssey Jan-Feb:26-35. E.L. Will 2000 Roman Amphora Learning From Storage Jars
    • 1999. “The Port of Cosa and Economic Romanization in Gaul and the Danube Valley.” American Journal of Archaeology 103:292. EL Will 1999 The Port of Cosa and Economic Romanization in Gaul and the Danube Valley
    • 1998. Abstract of “Charles Eliot Norton and the Founding of the Archaeological Institute of America,” American Journal of Archaeology 102: 365. E.L. Will 1998 Abstract of Charles Eliot Norton and the Founding of the Archaeological Institute of America
    • 1993. Review of Roman Pottery by Kevin Green, NECNT 20(4):39-41. E.L. Will 1993 Review of Roman Pottery
    • 1992. “The Athenian Agora in India.” Newsletter of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens. 29(Spring): 13. The Athenian Agora in India
    • 1992. “Sardinian Amphora Studies: Past and Future.” In Sardinia in the Mediterranean: a Footprint in the Sea, edited by R.H. Tykot and T.K. Andrews, 493-496. Studies in Sardinian Archaeology Presented to Miriam S. Balmuth. Monographs in Mediterranean Archaeology 3. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press. Sardinian Amphora Studies Past and Future
    • 1991. Abstract of “Romans and the North: The Wine Trade.” American Journal of Archaeology 95:309-310. EL Will 1991 Romans and the North: The Wine Trade
    • 1990. Abstract of “Roman Amphoras at Split.” American Journal of Archaeology 94, 332. EL Will 1990 Roman Amphoras at Split
    • 1989. Review of Exsecranda pernicies: delatori e fisco nell’etá di Costantino , by Tullio Spagnuolo Vigorita. Classical World 83:2, 114-115. E.L. Will Review of Exsecranda pernicies
    • 1987. “The Roman Shipping Amphoras from Arikamedu.” American Journal of Archaeology 91:293. E.L. Will The Roman Shipping Amphoras from Arikamedu
    • 1987. “Shipping Amphoras as Economic Indicators.” Rei Cretariae Romanae Fautorum Acta XXV-XXVI:71-77. E.L. Will 1987 Shipping Amphoras as Economic Indicators
    • 1987. “The Roman Amphoras.” In The Roman Port and Fishery of Cosa: A Center of Ancient Trade , by A.M. McCann, J. Bourgeois, E.K. Gazda, J.P. Oleson, and E.L. Will, 171-219. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Will 1987 Roman Port and Fishery of Cosa
    • 1986. Review of Late Roman Amphorae in the Western Mediterranean. A Typology and Economic Study: The Catalan Evidence, by S.J. Keay. American Journal of Archaeology 90:502-503. E.L. Will Review of Late Roman Amphorae in the Western Mediterranean
    • 1986. Review of Cross-Cultural Trade in World History , by Philip D. Curtin. Classical World 80:1, 53-54. E.L. Will Review of Cross-Cultural Trade in World History
    • 1986. Review of Il Monte Testaccio: Ambiente, Storia, Materiali, by Emilio Rodríguez Almeida. American Journal of Archaeology 90:128-129. EL Will 1986 Review of Il Monte Testaccio
    • 1986. Abstract of “Ports and Amphoras.” American Journal of Archaeology 90, 202. EL Will 1986 Ports and Amphoras
    • 1985. Co-authored with V.J. Bruno. “The Island of Pontia: A Nautical Survey.” Archaeology 38:1, 40-47. E.L. Will 1985 The Island of Pontia A Nautical Survey
    • 1985. Review of Pottery in the Roman World: An Ethnoarchaeological Approach, by D.P.S. Peacock. Archaeology 38:6, 71, 73. E.L. Will 1985 Review of Pottery in the Roman World
    • 1985. Review of Ancient Athenian Building Methods (Excavations of the Athenian Agora Picture Books, no. 20), by John Mck. Camp II and William B. Dinsmoor, Jr. New England Classical Newsletter XII(4):25-26. E.L. Will Ancient Athenian Building Methods
    • 1984. “The Spargi Wreck: A Reconsideration.” American Journal of Archaeology 88:264. Will 1984 The Spargi Wreck
    • 1984. Review of Trade in the Ancient Economy, by Peter Garnsey, Keith Hopkins, and C.R. Whittaker. Archaeology 37:2, 67. EL Will 1984 Review of Trade in the Ancient Economy
    • 1984. Review of Bronzeworkers in the Athenian Agora (Excavations of the Athenian Agora Picture Books, no. 20), by Carol Mattusch. New England Classical Newsletter 11:4, 36. E.L. Will 1985 Bronzeworkers in the Athenian Agora
    • 1984. Co-authored with A.M. McCann. Review of The Seaborne Commerce of Ancient Rome: Studies in Archaeology and History, edited by J.H. D’Arms and E.C. Kopff. American Journal of Archaeology 88:1, 92-95. EL Will 1984 Review of The Seaborne Commerce of Ancient Rome: Studies in Archaeology and History
    • 1983. Review of Women’s Life in Greece and Rome, by M.R. Lefkowitz and M.B Fant. Archaeology 36:4, 75. E.L. Will 1983 Review of Women's Life in Greece and Rome
    • 1983. Review of Commerce and Social Standing in Ancient Rome, by J.H. D’Arms. Archaeology 36:3, 77. E.L. Will 1982 Review of Commerce and Social Standing
    • 1983. “The Ludi Saeculares and the Altar of Dis and Proserpina.” Classical Association of New England Seventy-eighth Annual Bulletin:20-21. E.L. Will 1983 The Ludi Saeculares and the Altar of Dis and Proserpina
    • 1983. “Diversification in Roman Industry: Some Ceramic Evidence.” American Journal of Archaeology 87:269. EL Will 1983 Diversification in Roman Industry: Some Ceramic Evidence
    • 1983. “A Survey of the Roman Amphoras Found in Sardinia.” Year Book of the American Philosophical Society 1983 edition:273-274. EL Will 1983 A Survey of the Roman Amphoras Found in Sardinia
    • 1982. Abstract: “The Earliest Roman Amphoras.” American Journal of Archaeology 86:290-291. EL Will 1982 The Earliest Roman Amphoras
    • 1982. “Greco-Italic Amphoras.” Hesperia 51:338-356. EL Will 1982 Greco Italic Amphoras
    • 1982. Review of Greek and Roman Slavery, by Thomas Wiedemann. Archaeology 35:1, 68. E.L. Will 1982 Review of Greek and Roman Slavery
    • 1982. “Ambiguity in Horace, Odes 1.4.” Classical Philology 77:3, 240-245. Will 1982 Ambiguity in Horace
    • 1980. Co-authored with V.J. Bruno. “Exploring the Gulf of Talamone.” Archaeology 33:4, 34-43. E.L. Will 1980 Exploring the Gulf of Talamone
    • 1979. “Women in Pompeii.” Archaeology 32:5, 34-43. Will 1979 Women in Pompeii
    • 1979. “The Sestius Amphoras: A Reappraisal.” Journal of Field Archaeology 6(3):339-350. E.L. Will 1979 The Sestius Amphoras
    • 1977. Co-authored with A.M. McCann and J. Bourgeois. “Underwater Excavations at the Etruscan Port of Populonia.” Journal of Field Archaeology 4(3), 293-296. E.L. Will 1977 Underwater Excavationsat the Etruscan Port of Populonia
    • 1977. “The Ancient Commercial Amphora.” Archaeology 30:264-278. E.L. Will 1977 The Ancient Commercial Amphora
    • 1977. Abstract of “Women in Roman Business and Industry.” New England Classical Newsletter 4:4, 10. E.L. Will 1977 Women in Business and Industry
    • 1975. “Roman Amphoras.” New England Classical Newsletter 2:34-36. E.L. Will 1975 Roman Amphoras
    • Reviews of E.L. Will’s Published Works

    • Thompson, D. L 1989. Review of The Roman Port and Fishery of Cosa: A Center of Ancient Trade , by A.M. McCann, J. Bourgeois, E.K. Gazda, J.P. Olesen, and E.L. Will. Classical World 82:4, 311. Thompson's Review of EL Will's Book
    • Fulford, M. 1988. Review of The Roman Port and Fishery of Cosa: A Center of Ancient Trade, by A.M. McCann, J. Bourgeois, E.K. Gazda, J.P. Olesen, and E.L. Will. Isis 79:1, 162-163. Fulford Review of EL Will Book

Wednesday, February 27, 2013

Open Access Journal: Dental Anthropology Journal

[First posted in AWOL 20 December 2009. Updated 21 January 2016]

Dental Anthropology Journal
ISSN: 1096-9411
The Dental Anthropology Association (DAA) seeks to stimulate interest in dental anthropology and support the exchange of knowledge for those interested in the anthropological study of teeth. Our primary activities include annual meetings with associated presentations, symposia, workshops, and student prizes, and the publication of the journal Dental Anthropology.
            Vol. 27, No. 1-2
Determining onset of significant facial pathology using dental wear and microwear texture analysis: a case study from the Middle Archaic (~5,500 BP) of Indiana. ANNA CASSERLY, REBECCA VAN SESSEN, and CHRISTOPHER SCHMIDT.
The effects of dietary toughness on occlusopalatal variation in savanna baboons. EVAN MUZZALL, RYAN M. CAMPBELL, MEADOW CAMPBELL, and ROBERT S. CORRUCCINI.
The biological implications of the transition to agriculture in Ukraine: a study of enamel hypoplasias. JORDAN K. KARSTEN, SARAH E. HEINS, GWYN D. MADDEN, and MYKHAILO P. SOKHATSKYI.
News, reports, and reviews

            Vol. 26, No. 1-2
In memoriam: Christy G. Turner II (November 28, 1933 – July 27, 2013): Personal reflections on his legacy in dental anthropology and beyond. G. RICHARD SCOTT.
Evaluation of the utility of deciduous molar morphological variation in great ape phylogenetic analysis. ANNA M. HARDIN and SCOTT S. LEGGE.
Maxillary lateral incisor morphology and uncommon trait expression: a case study from prehistoric Paa-ko, new Mexico. ERIN C. BLANKENSHIP-SEFCZEK.
Dental morphological variation among six pre-Hispanic South American populations. ALEJANDRA ORTIZ.
            Vol. 26, No. 3
The development of the mammalian dentition as a complex adaptive system. ALAN H. BROOK, TOBY HUGHES, GRANT C. TOWNSEND, RICHARD N. SMITH, and MATTHEW D. BROOK O’DONNELL.
Geographic patterns of early Holocene New World dental morphological variation. CHRISTOPHER M. STOJANOWSKI, KENT M. JOHNSON, and WILLIAM N. DUNCAN.
A fool’s mission? A test of three common assumptions in dental metric analyses. BRIAN E. HEMPHILL.
Secular change in dental development in New Mexican females. ANNA L.M. RAUTMAN and Heather J.H. Edgar.
Size does matter: Variation in tooth size apportionment among major regional North and Sub-Saharan African populations. JOEL D. IRISH and MICHAEL W. KENYHERCZ.
A descriptive study of African American deciduous dentition. LOREN R. LEASE.
Accuracy of estimating age from eruption levels of mandibular teeth. SHERYL WILMOTT, MARK P. HECTOR, and HELEN M. LIVERSIDGE.

            Vol. 25, No. 1
Letter from the editor. CHRISTOPHER W. SCHMIDT.
Premolar enamel formation: completion of figures for aging LEH defects in permanent dentition. SARAH A. HOLT, DONALD J. REID, and DEBBIE GUATELLI-STEINBERG.
Hypotrophic roots of the upper central incisors – a proposed new discrete dental trait. CLAUDIA CUNHA, ANA MARIA SILVA, JOEL IRISH, G. RICHARD SCOTT, TIAGO TOMÉ, and JOSÉ MARQUEZ.
A unique case of mandibular osteomyelitis arising from tooth germ infection in a 7,000-year-old infant from Siberia. ANDREA L. WATERS-RIST.

            Vol. 24, No. 1
A geometric morphometric analysis of the crown form of the maxillary central incisor in humans. AKIKIO KATO, MAKIKO KOUCHI, MASAAKI MOCHIMARU, AYAMOTO ISOMURA, and NORIKAZU OHNO.
Prevalence of short dental roots in four ethnic groups in an orthodontic population. KATHRYN EDGCOMB, ELLEN BEGOLE, CARLA EVANS, BRADFORD JOHNSON, and XIANGHONG LUAN.
Fluctuating asymmetry in root number and morphology of permanent premolars and molars – case reports. I. ANAND SHERWOOD and P. GOVINDA REDDY.
The phonetic distances of Jordanian Arabs from other human populations suggest a major genetic drift from the Caucasoid race. FIRAS ALSOLEIHAT and AMEEN KHRAISAT.
            Vol. 24, No. 2-3
Wisdom tooth formation as a method of estimating age in a New Zealand population. ANNABELLE MCGETTIGAN, KIMBERLY TIMMINS, PETER HERBISON, HELEN LIVERSIDGE, and JULES KIESER.
The anthropology of infectious diseases of Bronze Age and early Iron Age from Armenia. A. YU. KHUDAVERDYAN.
A horizontal mesiodens in a child buried at Hank’s site (41RB109), a prehistoric Plains Village site in the Texas Panhandle. CORY J. BROEHM, LISA B. HUNTER, and DOUGLAS K. BOYD.
Dental age: Effects of estimating different events during mineralization. EDWARD F. HARRIS.

            Vol. 23, No. 1
Crown and cusp dimensions of the maxillary  first molar: a study of sexual dimorphism in Indian Jat Sikhs. GAURAV AGNIHOTRI and VIMAL SIKR.
Carabelli trait in Australian twins: Reliability and validity of different scoring systems. YUH HASEGAWA, JAMES ROGERS, GRAHAM SCRIVEN, and GRANT TOWNSEND.
Demirjian stage tooth formation results from a large group of children. HELEN M. LIVERSIDGE.
Triple fusion in the primary dentition from Law’s site, Alabama (1MS100): a case report. BRIAN D. PADGETT.
A rare form of protostylid: review of literature and case reports. ANAND L. SHIGLI, SANGEETA P. WANJARI, and RUCHI AHUJA.
Obituary: Alice “Sue” Marie Frances Haeussler (1932-2009). CHRISTY G. TURNER II.
News, reports, and reviews
            Vol. 23, No. 2
Maxillary canine ectopia and maxillary canine-premolar transposition are associated with deviations in the maxilla. LOUISE MILTENBURG CASPERSEN, IB JARLE CHRISTENSEN, and INGER KJÆR.
Residential mobility and dental decoration in Early Medieval Spain: Results from the Eighth century site of Plaza del Castillo, Pamplona. ELEANNA PREVEDOROU, MARTA DÍAZ-ZORITA BONILLA, ALEJANDRO ROMERO, JANE E. BUIKSTRA, M. PAZ DE MIGUEL IBÁÑEZ, and KELLY J. KNUDSON.
Relationship between width of maxillary anterior teeth and interalar distance. MORTAZA BONAKDARCHIAN and REZA GHORBANIPOUR.
Mesiodistal crown dimensions of the permanent dentition in a Nigerian population. EMMANUEL O. AJAYI, YETUNDE O. AJAYI, HELEN O. OBORO, and MAUREEN N. CHUKWUMAH.
Primary tooth mineralization and exfoliation ages calculated from the Moorrees-Fanning-Hunt study. EDWARD F. HARRIS.
Intra-individual microwear variation: deciduous versus permanent dentition. TAMMY R. GAMZA.
            Vol. 23, No. 3
Analysis of cementum layers in archaeological material. MICHAELA HUFFMAN and DANIEL ANTOINE.
The dental traits of Indonesian Javanese. MYRTATI DYAH ARTARIA.
Impacted lower first molar and labial ectopic upper canine eruption in an individual from the prehistoric American Southwest. GREG C. NELSON.
American black-white differences in primary tooth crown shape: the crown index. EDWARD F. HARRIS and BETSY D. BARCROFT.
News, reports, and reviews

            Vol. 22, No. 1
Strong genetic influence on hypocone expression of permanent maxillary molars in south Australian twins. DENICE HIGGINS, TOBY E. HUGHES, HELEN JAMES, and GRANT C. TOWNSEND.
Patterns of hypodontia among third molars in contemporary American adolescents. EDWARD F. HARRIS.
Joined supernumerary mandibular teeth in the premolar region: report of a Hungarian archeological case. GY. SZABÓ, G. KOCSIS S., and E. MOLNÁR.
Commentary: Supernumerary teeth. EDWARD F. HARRIS.
News, reports, and reviews
            Vol. 22, No. 2
Frequency and variation of three-rooted lower first permanent molars in precontact Easter Islanders and in pre-conquest Peruvians. ANDREA G. DRUSINI and DARIS R. SWINDLER.
Supernumerary teeth from two Mesoamerican archeological contexts. WILLIAM N. DUNCAN.
Patent mandibular symphysis with congenital absence and ankyloglossia. ANNA S. SMITH and EDWARD F. HARRIS.
Obituary: Shelly Rae Saunders (1950-2008). CHARLES FITZGERALD.
News, reports, and reviews
            Vol. 22, No. 3
A promising mandibular molar trait in ancient populations of Ireland. JAIMIN D. WEETS.
Stigmata of congenital syphilis on a high status juvenile at Yuguë, Oaxaca, Mexico. ARION T. MAYES, ANAMAY MELMED, and SARAH BARBER.
Discriminatory effectiveness of crown indexes – tests between American blacks and whites. CANDICE L. FOSTER and EDWARD F. HARRIS.
A unique dental resource: the odontological collection at the Royal College of Surgeons of England.  MILLY FARRELL.
News, reports, and reviews

            Vol. 21, No. 1
Quantification of dental occlusal variation: a review of methods. EDWARD F. HARRIS and ROBERT S. CORRUCCINI.
For whom the coin tolls: Green-stained teeth and jaws in Medieval and Post-Medieval Spanish burials. KIMBERLY A. HOPKINSON, SARAH M. YEATS, and G. RICHARD SCOTT.
The biology of Natfa people: Bones and teeth. ABDULLA AL-SHORMAN.
Obituary: Daris R. Swindler (1925-2007). Christopher Dean and THOMAS KOPPE.
Obituary: Professor Ebba During (1937-2007).
News, reports, and reviews
            Vol. 21, No. 2-3
Deciduous dental morpohological diversity in contemporary Colombian ethnic groups. MIGUEL EDUARDO DELGADO-BURBANO.
For morphology of root and c-shape canal in prehispanic and modern Maya groups from northern Yucatan. ANDREA CUCINA, ELMA VEGA LIZAMA, MARCO RAMÍREZ, G. ALVARADO CÁRDENAS, and VERA TIESLER.
Dental nonmetric traits in a pre-conquest sample from Chubut region of Patagonia, Argentina. Gabriel A. Bollini, CARLOS DAVID RODRÍGUEZ-FLÓREZ, and SONIA E. COLANTONIO.
Congenital absence of permanent canines: report of two cases. ANN S. SMITH and EDWARD F. HARRIS.
News, reports, and reviews

            Vol. 20, No. 1
Comparison of permanent mandibular molar crown dimensions between Mongolians and Caucasians. YUH HASEGAWA, JAMES R. ROGERS, IKUO KAGEYAMA, SEN NAKAHARA, and GRANT C. TOWNSEND.
A longitudinal study of continued tooth eruption during adulthood. EDWARD F. HARRIS and YOAV SHILOAH.
Unilateral fusion of two primary mandibular teeth: report of a Portuguese archeological case. ANA MARIA SILVA and ANA LEONOR SILVA.
Bilateral asymmetry of upper permanent dentition in six archeological pre-conquest samples from Colombia, South America. CARLOS DAVID RODRÍGUEZ-FLÓREZ and SONIA E. COLANTONIO.
News, reports and reviews
            Vol. 20, No. 2-3
The relationship between crown size and complexity in two collections. BRIDGETT A. WILLIAMS and ROBERT S. CORRUCCINI.
Asymmetrical eruption of permanent teeth in Australian Aborigines. P. SOBHI, S. MIHAILIDIS, J.R. ROGERS, T.E. HUGHES, and G.C. TOWNSEND.
Dental trait variation and age determination based on dental wear: a preliminary study. MYRTATI D. ARTARIA.
Melvin L. Moss (1923-2006). EDWARD F. HARRIS.
News, reports, and reviews

            Vol. 19, No. 1
Torus mandibularis: etiology and bioarchaeological utility. BRENNA HASSETT.
Dental pathology, wear, and diet in a hunting and gathering forest-dwelling group: the Batak people of Palawan Island, the Phillippines. CHRISTY G. TURNER II and JAMES F. EDER.
Approximal attrition and permanent tooth crown size in a Romano-British population. ALAN H. BROOK, C. UNDERHILL, L.K. FOO, and M. HECTOR.
Inheritance of bilateral fusion of lower central and lateral incisors: a pedigree of a Maya family from Yucatan, Mexico. FRANCISCO D. GURRI and GILVERTO BALAM.
News, reports, and reviews
            Vol. 19, No. 2
Variations of tooth root morphology in a Romano-British population. ALAN H. BROOK and MARLENE SCHEERS.
Frequency and variability of five non-metric dental crown traits in the primary and permanent dentitions of a racially mixed population from Cali, Colombia. LUISA AGUIRRE, DIANA CASTILLO, DIANA SOLARTE, and FREDDY MORENO.
Variation in dental crown morphology in Malaysian populations. MOHD FADHLI KHAMIS, JANE A. TAYLOR, ABDUL RANI SAMSUDIN, and GRANT C. TOWNSEND.
News, reports, and reviews
            Vol. 19, No. 3
Paramolar tubercle in the left maxillary second premolar: a case report. CARLINA RODRÍGUEZ and FREDDY MORENO.
A Byzantine cranium from Jordan: A case study in Dental Anthropology. ABDULLA AL-SHORMAN.
The relative sexual dimorphism of human incisor crown and root dimensions. EDWARD F. HARRIS and W. MAX COUCH.
Rotation of the maxillary premolars: evidence in support of premolar morphogenetic field. VINCENT H. STEFAN.
Occurrence of an eighth cusp on primary second mandibular molars of a contemporary Argentinian child. CARLOS DAVID RODRÍGUEZ FLOREZ, GABRIEL MARIO FONSECA, and MARIA TERESA DE VILLALBA.
News, reports, and reviews

            Vol. 18, No. 1
Dental anthropology shines at AAPA meetings. DEBBIE GUATELLI-STEINBERG.
An investigation of ultrasound methods for the assessment of sex and age from intact teeth. ROBIN N.M. FEENEY.
Dental health decline in the Chesapeake Bay, Virginia: The role of European contact and multiple stressors. SALLY M. GRAVER.
A study of cusp base areas in maxillary permanent molars of American whites. DUSTIN P. DINH and EDWARD F. HARRIS.
News, reports, and reviews
            Vol. 18, No. 2
Posterior tooth morphology and lower incisor crowding. ANWAR A. SHAH, CLAIRE ELCOCK, and ALAN H. BROOK.
Tooth-coding systems in the clinical dental setting. EDWARD F. HARRIS.
Biomechanical analysis of the canine tuberculum dentale. IONUT ICHIM, MICHAEL SWAIN, and JULES KIESER.       
Dental indicators of Polynesian affinity for prehistoric Rotuma Islanders, South Pacific. CHRISTY G. TURNER II.
Regional differences of dental microwear on the occlusal surface of an M2 from Neolithic Japan: a case study. TERUYUKI HOJO.
Obituary: Kazuro Hanihara: 1927-2004. C. LORING BRACE and NORIKO SEGUCHI.
News, reports, and reviews

            Vol. 17, No. 1
The genetics of odontogenesis: implications in dental anthropology and palæo-odontology. GEOFFREY H. SPERBER.          
An odontometic investigation of Canary Islander origins. JOEL D. IRISH and BRIAN E. HEMPHILL.
Localized asymmetry in human dental crown form – an interesting case. JOHN WETHERELL, TRACEY WINNING, and GRANT TOWNSEND.
Elongated premolar: a new morphological variant. HEATHER J.H. EDGAR and PAUL W. SCIULLI.
An artificial human tooth from the Neolithic cemetery at Gebel Ramlah, Egypt. JOEL D. IRISH, PREZEMYSLAW BOBROWSKI, MICHAL KOBUSIEWICZ, JACEK KABACISKI, and ROMUALD SCHILD.
News, reports, and reviews
            Vol. 17, No. 2
From the President’s desk. DEBBIE GUATELLI-STEINBERG.
Dental reduction and diet in the prehistoric Ohio River Valley. MOLLY K. HILL.
Food and the state: Bioarchaeological investigations of diet in the Moche Valley of Perú. CELESTE MARIE GAGNON.
News, reports, and reviews
            Vol. 17, No. 3
Provenance of African-born individuals from the Colonial Cemetery of Campeche (Mexico) by means of trace element analysis.  ANDREA CUCINA, HECTOR NEFF, and VERA TIESLER.
A system for the acquisition and analysis of three-dimensional data describing dental morphology. PINGZHOU LIU, SARBIN RANJITKAR, JOHN A. KAIDONIS, GRANT C. TOWNSEND, and LINDSAY C. RICHARDS.
Experimental combat-stress model in rats: Histological examination of effects on amelogenesis – a possible measure of diminished vagal tone episodes. H. STEFAN BRACHA, D. CAROLINE BLANCHARD, JEFFREY L. LLOYD-JONES, ANDREW WILLIAMS, and ROBERT J. BLANCHARD.
Calculation of Smith’s mean measure of divergence for intergroup comparisons using nonmetric data. EDWARD F. HARRIS and TORSTEIN SJØVOLD.
Occlusal morphology of the mandibular first and second premolars in Iranian adolescents. RAMIN MOSHARRAF and FATEMEH HAJIAN.
Maxillary second premolars with paramolar tubercles. ROBERT A. TURNER and EDWARD F. HARRIS.
News, reports, and reviews

            Vol. 16, No. 3
Influence of inbreeding on the Carabelli trait in a human isolate. TOMISLAV LAUC.             
Metric analysis of permanent and deciduous teeth from Bronze Age Tell Leilan, Syria. SCOTT HADDOW and NANCY C. LOVELL.
Examination of the rare labial talon cusp on human anterior teeth. C. LEE, S.E. BURNETT and C.G. TURNER II.
Where’s the variation? Variance components in tooth size of the permanent dentition. EDWARD F. HARRIS.
News, reports, and reviews

            Vol. 15, No. 2-3
The effects of sexual dimorphism, asymmetry, and inter-trait association on the distribution of thirteen deciduous dental nonmetric traits in a sample of Pima Amerindians. MATTHEW W. TOCHERI.
Dental paleopathology of the Ray Site (12W6), Indiana. TAMMY R. GREENE.
Tubercle of Carabelli: A review. ANDRÉ CORREIA and CARLA PINA.
News, reports, and reviews
            Vol. 16, No. 1
From the President’s desk. JOEL D. IRISH.
Form, symmetry and asymmetry of the dental arch: Orthogonal analysis revisited. TOBY HUGHES, LINDSAY RICHARDS, and GRANT TOWNSEND.
Dental and mtDNA relatedness among thousand-year-old remains from Huaca Loro, Peru. ROBERT S. CORRUCCINI, IZUMI SHIMADA, and KEN-ICHI SHINODA.
Tooth mineralization: a technical note on the Moorrees-Fanning-Hunt standards. EDWARD F. HARRIS and ANDREA L. BUCK.
Early Christian pilgrimage to a Byzantine monastery in Jerusalem – a dental perspective. JAIME ULLINGER.
Fourth molars in the Anthropoidea. DARIS R. SWINDLER.
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            Vol. 16, No. 2
Dental asymmetry in a Late Archaic and Late Prehistoric skeletal sample of the Ohio Valley Area. PAUL W. SCIULLI.
Sex differences in the oral pathologies at the Late Classic site of Xcambó, Yucatán. ANDREA CUCINA, VERA TIESLER BLOS, and THELMA SIERRA SOSA.
Dental anthropology at the University of Geneva. SUZANNE EADES and JOCELYNE DESIDERI.
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            Vol. 15, No. 1
A comparison of dental maturation in a small group of children from Chernobyl and British children. HELEN M. LIVERSIDGE and C.E.A. ROGERS.
Absence of association between body size and deciduous tooth size in
American black children. LOREN R. LEASE and EDWARD F. HARRIS.
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            Vol. 14, No. 1
Dental transfigurement and its potential for explaining the evolution of post-
Archaic Indian culture in the American Southwest. CHRISTY G. TURNER II.
People of the Samurai class kept their antemortem lost teeth. JOICHI OYAMADA, YASHIKAZU KITAGAWA, YOSHITAKA MANABE, and ATSUSHI ROKUTANDA.
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            Vol. 14, No. 2
Dental morphological affinities among late Pleistocene and recent humans. SHARA E. BAILEY.
Sex dimorphism in the deciduous dentition of modern Pima. ANNALISA ALVRUS.
Taurodontism in modern populations. JILL SEARS.
Anthropological and forensic aspects of odontometric variation in two contemporary Australian populations. ALISON S. CHIU and DENISE DONLON.
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            Vol. 14, No. 3
Intra- and inter-population variability in mamelon expression on incisor teeth. HASSAN CHEGNI-FARAHINI, JANET FUSS, and GRANT TOWNSEND.
Tooth crown size of the permanent dentition in subjects with thalassemia major. F.N. HATTAB, E.S.J. ABU-ALHAJIJA, and O.M. YASSIN.

            Vol. 13, No. 2
Crown diameters of deciduous teeth in Jordanians. F.M. HATTAB, A.S. AL-MOMANI, O.M. YASSIN, M.A.O. AL-OMARI, A.N. HAMASHA, M.A. RAWASHDEN, and A. TAVAS.
A brief comment on an intentionally modified tooth from the Rio Talgua region in northeastern Honduras. NICHOLAS P. HERRMANN, DEREK C. BENEDIX, ANN M. SCOTT, and VALERIE HASKINS.
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Corono-radicular grooves in a large sample of human maxillary incisors. SARBIN RANJITKAR, JANET FUSS, DIMITRA LEKKAS, and GRANT TOWNSEND.
Dental anthropology of the Neolithic Russian Far East: 1 Eurasian Russia. A.M. HAEUSSLER.
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An odontometric investigation of the affinities of the Nazlet Khater specimen to prehistoric, protohistoric, and modern African origins. RON PINHASI.
Another talon cusp: what does it mean? CHRISTY G. TURNER II.
Dental Anthropology at the University of California, Santa Barbara. C.M. KELLNER.
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Loss of lingual enamel in lower incisors of Papionini. DAVID G. GANTT, CHRISTOPHER P. STRICKLAND, and JOHN A. RAFTER.
Dental health and diet of two prehistoric populations from Chile’s semiarid north. MARIA ARAYA ROSADO.
A unilateral connate incisor from a CA. 2,000 year-old mandible from the
Middle Columbia River Plateau. GUY L. TASA.
Premolar double teeth in a group of Irish orthodontic referrals. C.M. MCNAMARA, O. COONEY, M. O’SULLIVAN, and T.G. MCNAMARA.
Analysis of the optical properties of Medieval enamel. LJILJANA TIHAČEK-ŠOJIC and MARIJA ĐURIĆ-SREJIĆ.
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Trends in dental anthropological research. PHILLIP L. WALKER.
Enamel hypoplasia related to historical famine stress in the contemporary Chinese population. LIMING ZHOU and ROBERT S. CORRUCCINI.
Crystallographic and colorimetric analysis of dental enamel. LJILJANA TIHAČEK-ŠOJIC, VLADIMIR MILIĆEVIC, and MARIJA ĐURIĆ-SREJIĆ.
Characteristics of human bite marks: a review of solved cases. ROSANNE CARRERO.
An unusual talon cusp. TRIONA MCNAMARA.
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Prevalence of dental hypoplasia in the Neolithic site of Wadi Shu’eib in Jordan. SALAH EL-DIN AL-ABBASI and ISSA SARIE’.
Who were the Natufians? A dental assessment of their biological coherency. JOSHUA G. LIPSCHULTZ.
LEHs in Medieval Scandinavia: Preliminary analysis. CHRISTINE L. HANSON and HASMIN MILLER.
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A strategy for comparing odontometrics among groups. EDWARD F. HARRIS.
Research world: Foreign correspondent occasional reports 1: Russia.cCHRISTY G. TURNER II.
Dental analysis and determination of occupational activities of a PeruviancFormative population. GRETCHEN A. NELSON.
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Presidential Address. JOHN R. LUKACS.
Premolar numbering and agenesis in primates. GRAM P. JONES.
Stress impact in central Italy during the Iron Age: The evidence of linear hypoplasia.  A. CUCINA, A. COPPA, and D. MANCINELLI.
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Presidential Address. PHILLIP L. WALKER.
Cro-Magnon and Qafzeh -- Vive la difference. C. LORING BRACE.
An unusual Etruscan dental appliance from Poggio Gaiella, Italy: Fourth in a series.  MARSHALL J. BECKER.
A new look at premolar trait variation: Maxillary premolar accessory ridges (MxPAR).  SCOTT E. BURNETT.
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            Vol. 11, No. 1
The Dental Anthropology Association world wide web site. PHILLIP L. WALKER.
Cervical enamel projections and enamel pearls in a collection of Australian extracted molars. DIMITRA LEKKAS and GRANT TOWNSEND.
Abrasion of teeth in population groups from historical periods in the region of former Yugoslavia. DINKA MUKIC and MARIJA ĐURIĆ-SREJIĆ.
Dental developmental standards for the Pre- and Post-contact Arikara. DIANE MARKOWITZ.
The incidence of torus mandibularis in Malay peoples. A.W. JONES.
An unusual maxillary molar from prehistoric New Mexico. MARSHA D. OGILVIE.
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Presidential Address. JOHN. R. LUKACS.
Primate dental development: Ontogenetic processes of pattern formation. NANCY SWAILS.
The tri-form variant: I. Definition, classification, and population distribution. SHARA BAILEY-SCHMIDT.
The Matty Canyon population: Dental observations of Late Archaic individuals from southern Arizona. LORRIE LINCON-BABB.
Milan Dokladál and a tour of Brno in the Czech Republic. CHARLES MERBS.
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            Vol. 9, No. 3
Preliminary impression of current dental anthropology research in China. LIU WU and ZENG XIANGLONG.
The anthropological significance of alveolagia (“dry socket”).  R.A. HALBERSTEIN.
Tooth evulsion among the ancient Etruscans: recycling in antiquity. MARSHALL JOSEPH BECKER.
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Presidential Address. JOHN R. LUKACS.
‘Mesiodens’ in India: A brief review of hyperdontia with new frequency data for castes and tribes of South Asia. JOHN R. LUKACS.
Dentistry in Ancient Egypt: Junkers’ teeth. PIERRE-FRANCOIS F. PUECH.
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            Vol. 8, No. 2
Albert A. Dahlberg Memorial Issue
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Presidential Address. STEPHEN MOLNAR.
Etruscan gold dental appliances: Origins and functions as indicated by an example from Orvieto, Italy, in the Danish National Museum. MARSHALL JOSEPH BECKER.
Oral condition of three Yanomama Indian tribes of South America. CLÉBER BIDEGAIN PERIERA, JOSEPH P. KATICH, and CHRISTY G. TURNER II.
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            Vol. 9, No. 1
Presidential Address. JOHN R. LUKACS.
Mirror imaging in twins: some dental examples. GRANT TOWNSEND, LINDSAY RICHARDS, TASMAN BROWN, and SANDRA PINKERTON.
Spurious “examples” of ancient dental implants or appliances: Part two of a series. MARSHALL JOSEPH BECKER.
Connate incisors in a Pre-Columbian mandible from Nasca, Peru. ANDREA G. DRUSINI and DARIS R. SWINDLER.
“Cannibal” moves Down Under.  TASMAN BROWN.
Kees Korenhof (1929-1994). J. FRIKKIE VAN REENAN.
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            Vol. 7, No. 2
Periodontitis in dry skulls. NIGEL CLARKE.
Odontological data for the Chernyakov Culture population. SERGEI P. SEGEDA.
Nutritional supplements and recovery from tooth extractions. R.A. HALBERTSTEIN.
A Peruvian oral pathology suggesting coca chewing. CHRISTY G. TURNER II.
Oral tori in the Ticuna Indians, Colombia. EDWARD F. HARRIS.
Dental morphology from two Mayan ethnic groups in Chiapas, Mexico. ANDRÉS E. DE ANGEL, CARLOS S. SERRANO, and ALFONSO S. CASTRO.        
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            Vol. 7, No. 3
Directions in dental anthropological research in Hungary, with historical retrospect.  FERENC KÓSA.
The frequency of two developmental anomalies in osteoarchaeological samples. GÁBOR KOCSIS and ANTÓNIA MARCSIK.
Digital radiography for the quantification of alveolar bone loss in studies of periodontal disease variation. CHARLES F. HILDEBOLT, THAD Q. BARTLETT, and MICHAEL K. SHROUT.
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Presidential Address.  STEPHEN MOLNAR.
Albert A. Dahlberg (1908-1993). JIM DAHLBERG.
Richard M.S. Taylor. (1903-1992).  JON B. CARMAN.
Etruscan teeth and odontology. LUIGI CAPASSO and GABRIELLA DI TOTA.
What are mulberry molars? CHRISTY G. TURNER II.
Presence of a connate tooth in a neonatal chimpanzee. LINDA A. WINKLER and DARIS R. SWINDLER.
Periodontal disease: Clinician’s point of view. PHILLIP COOKE.
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            Vol. 6, No. 2
Dental anthropology of south Australia. TASMAN BROWN.
Some dental traits in different evolutionary lines leading to modern man. ALEXANDER A. ZUBOV.        
The epicristid or middle trigonid crest defined. ALEXANDER A. ZUBOV.
Tricuspid premolars from Chavez Pass, Arizona. MICHAEL R. FONG and LINDA STURGIS.
Counting perikymata using a low-power stereomicroscope. SIMON HILLSON.
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            Vol. 6, No. 3
Presidential Address. DARIS SWINDLER.
Edward Eyre Hunt: 1922-1991. STANLEY M. GARN
Mesolithic hunters and foragers of the Gangetic Plain: A summary of current research in dental anthropology. JOHN R. LUKACS.
Equations for predicting age from crown height measurements. PHILLIP L. WALKER and PERRY SHAPIRO.
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            Vol. 7, No. 1
Presidential Address. STEPHEN MOLNAR.
Dental Anthropology in China. LIU WU.
Labial tooth wear and culture. PIERRE-FRANCOIS PUECH.
The oldest example of dental filing north of the Valley of Mexico. JOSEPH POWELL and LEAH CARSON POWELL.
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Presidential Address. DARIS SWINDLER.
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Presidential Address. DARIS SWINDLER.
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Presidential Address. DARIS SWINDLER.
Dental anthropology of the Pacific. C. LORING BRACE.
Subjective impression of Australmelanesian dentition. CHRISTY G. TURNER II
The dental anthropology of the Caucasus. VERA F. KASHIBADZE.
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Presidential Address. DARIS SWINDLER.
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Presidential Address. C. LORING BRACE.
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Presidential Address. C. LORING BRACE.
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Presidential Address. C. LORING BRACE.
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Taboo teeth in Yoruba Culture. AJIBOLA A. ADEGBOYE.

Presidential Address. M. YAŞAR IŞCAN.
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Presidential Address. M. YAŞAR IŞCAN.
Wilton Marion Krogman: 1903-1987. SUSAN R. LOTH.
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Presidential Address. M. YAŞAR IŞCAN.
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A non-metric trait on upper molars: The lingual pit. M. KELLEY and B-J GILLERIN.

New Digital Publication from ISAW: Aksum and Nubia: Warfare, Commerce, and Political Fictions in Ancient Northeast Africa

Aksum and Nubia: Warfare, Commerce, and Political Fictions in Ancient Northeast Africa
George Hatke

©2013 George Hatke. Distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution No-derivatives License.
This work is available at the URI as part of the NYU Library's Ancient World Digital Library and in partnership with the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World (ISAW).  Further information about ISAW's publication program is available on the ISAW website. Please note that while the base URI of this document is stable, the exact content available is still undergoing development. Please note that the text contains Syriac and Ge'ez characters which render properly when the appropriate fonts are installed. Readers may want to try the fonts available from Beth Mardutho, as well as the Gentium Plus font from SIL.


  • Preface
  • 1. Introduction
    • 1.1. Before Aksum and Kush
    • 1.2. The First Millennium BCE: A Turning Point in State Formation
  • 2. The Question of Aksumite Trade with Nubia
  • 3. The Third Century CE: Monumentum Adulitanum II (RIE 277)
    • 3.1. Cosmas Indicopleustes at Adulis
    • 3.2. Dating Monumentum Adulitanum II
    • 3.3. Aksumite Expansion in Northeast Africa
      • 3.3.1. Aksum and Rome’s Southern Frontier
      • 3.3.2. Aksum and “Ethiopia”
      • 3.3.3. Sasu: A Scribal Error for Kush?
      • 3.3.4. Aksum’s Northern and Western Frontiers in the Third Century
  • 4. The Fourth Century CE: Aksum in Nubia
    • 4.1. Ousanas and Kush: RIE 186
    • 4.2. Aksum Invades Kush: Two Greek Inscriptions from Meroë
      • 4.2.1. Dating RIE 286 and SNM 24841
      • 4.2.2. The Political Implications of the First Aksumite Invasion of Kush
    • 4.3. Trouble on the Western Front? A Possible Clue in RIE 186
    • 4.4. The Noba: A New Force to be Reckoned With
    • 4.5. ‘Ēzānā’s Nubian War
      • 4.5.1. The Greek Account: RIE 271
      • 4.5.2. The Vocalized Ge‘ez Account: RIE 189
      • 4.5.3. A Third Account of the Nubian War: RIE 190
    • 4.6. Assessing the Impact of Aksum on Nubia in the Fourth Century
      • 4.6.1. The Archaeological Evidence
      • 4.6.2. The Graeco-Roman Textual Evidence
      • 4.6.3. The Fall of Kush: Was Aksum to Blame?
  • 5. After Kush: Aksum and Nubia in the Sixth Century CE
    • 5.1. Kālēb and Nubia: RIE 191
    • 5.2. The Nobades and Blemmyes: Would-be Mercenaries of Aksum?
    • 5.3. Longinus’ Mission and the Aksumite Presence in Alodia
    • 5.4. Into the Middle Ages: Ḥaḍānī Dāne’ēl and Aksum’s Western Neighbors
  • 6. Conclusion
  • Bibliography
    • Map 1. Northeast Africa in the third century CE
    • Map 2. Northeast Africa in the fourth century CE
    • Map 3. Northeast Africa in the sixth century CE
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