Thursday, May 9, 2013

Online British Mandate: A Survey of Palestine

 [First posted in AWOL 27 October 2010. Updated 9 May 2013]

British Mandate: A Survey of Palestine, prepared by the British Mandate for UN prior to proposing the 1947 partition plan











This is the official books produced by Government of Palestinian (British Mandate) for the years of 1944-1945 which was prepared by the British Mandate for the United Nation Special Committee on Palestine (UNSCOP) in 1946. These three volumes contain a wealth of information about Palestine until the end of 1946...
Volume I
Volume II
  • Preface
  • Table of Contents
  • Chapter XIV: Finance.................................................................................... 535
  • Section 1: The Budget
  • Table 1: Financial Statisitcs:1922/23 - 1944/45  
  • Table 2: Total Expenditure of Internal Security and War Residue 
  • Table 3: Expenditure for Year 1934/35 
  • Table 4: Earning, Expenditure, Surplus and Deficit 
  • Section 2: The System of Taxation (end of page) 
  • (a) Taxes  
  • Table 5: Urban and Rural Property Taxes 
  • Table 6: Yield From Custom and Excise 1934-1945 
  • Table 7: Yield From Income Tax For Years 1941-1945 
  • Table 8: Duties Collected on Wide Range of Transaction 
  • (b) Receipts representing payment in respect of services performed  
  • Table 9: Revenue Collection By Department 
  • Table 10: Revenue Allocated Approximately Among Groups Corresponding to Those in Table 3 
  • Section 3: Colonial Development Fund 
  • Section 4: Banking
  • (a) Brief history  
  • (b) Period June, 1936, to 31st August, 1939  
  • Table 1: Aggregate Deposits by Foreign and Local banks 
  • Table 2: Total Credit Granted And Outstanding Bills of Foreign and Local Banks 
  • (c) The Period of The War, 1939 to 1945  
  • Table 3: Deposits Held By Banks, 1939 to 1945 
  • (d) Distribution of Deposits By Race  
  • Table 4: Credit Granted By Banks, 1939 to 1945 
  • Table 5: Distribution of Bank Credits By Categories, 1939 to 1945 
  • Table 6: Balance Sheet for Arab Bank and Arab National Bank Ltd., 1939 to 1945 
  • Table 7: Balance Sheet for  Five Jewish Banks, 1939 to 1945 
  • (e) Control of Banks  
  • Table 8: Balance Sheet for  Five Jewish Banks, 1939 to 1945 
  • Section 5: Ownership of Capital  
  • Table 1: Analysis of Palestine's Foreign Assets and Liabilities, 1945 
  • Table 1a: Share of Jews, Arabs and Others in Palestine's Foreign Assets (end of page) 
  • Table 2: Ownership of Land in Palestine By Religion, 1943 
  • Table 2a: Valuation of Rural Land in Arab And Jewish Ownership, 1943 
  • Table 3: Ownership of Industry in Palestine, 1943   (end of page) 
  • Table 4: Ownership of Insured Commodity Stocks, 1945 (end of page) 
  • Table 5: Motor Vehicles, Number and Estimated Value in Arab and Jewish Ownership 
  • Table 6: Estimated Number And Value of Livestock in Arab And Jewish Ownership
  • Table 7: Agricultural Investment in Arab and Jewish Ownership
  • Table 8: Summary of Capital in Palestine in 1945
  • Section 6: Relative Contribution of Arabs and Jewish Government Revenue
  • Tax Payable in Respect of The Year 1944/45  
  • Summary of Allocation of Revenue, 1944/45  
  • Chapter XV: Law and Order............................................................................ 581
  • (a) Prevention and Detection of Crime  
  • Table 1: Palestine Police Force And Prisons Service (end of page)    
  • Table 2: Statistical Summary of Crime    
  • Table 3: Palestine Police Force and Persons Service, 1939 - 1945    
  • Number of Police Killed on Duty, 1936 - 1945  (end of page)   
  • Table 4: Statistical Summary of Crime, 1938 - 1945    
  • (b) Arms Traffic 
  • Table 5: Seizure of Arms And Ammunition From Arabs, 1936 - 1945    
  • Table 6: Seizure of Arms And Ammunition From Jews, 1936 - 1945    
  • Table 7: Seizure of Explosives And Incendiary Articles During 1945    
  • (c) Armed Bands and Illegal Organizations 
  • (d) The Cost of Public Security 
  • Table 8: Seizure of Explosives And Incendiary Articles During 1945    
  • Table 9: Summary of Revenue And Expenditure From 1920-21 To 1933-34 on Law And Order
  • Table 10: Summary of Revenue And Expenditure From 1934-35 To 1945-46 on Law And Order
  • Chapter XVI: Social Services......................................................................... 609
  • Section 1: Health Services
  • (a) General Outline  
  • Government Services    
  • Jewish Voluntary Services    
  • Non-Jewish Voluntary Services    
  • Private Hospitals    
  • General Practice    
  • Table 1: Hospital Maintained By Religion   
  • (b) Particulars of Government Health Services  
  • Table 2: Expenditure Upon Public Health Services, 1920-1946   
  • Table 3: Number of Persons Admitted to Hospitals And Treated As Out-Patients, 1944   
  • Section 2: Description of Education Systems
  • Historical Outline of The Education System
  • Table 1: Distribution of Pupils Between Different Types of School in July, 1944  
  • Table 2: Extent of Education Facilities for Arabs And Jews  
  • Education Administration  
  • Educational Finances  
  • Table 3: The Educational Department's Budget Estimates of Expenditure, 1926 - 1945  
  • Table 4: Actual Expenditure on Education By All Departments, 1944/45
  • System of Payments of Grants-in-Aid to Non-Governmental Schools (end of page)   
  • Elementary Education (Arabic Public System)   
  • Expansion Schemes And Development in Arab Education  
  • Table 8: Number of Applications and Admissions to the Lowest Class (Urban), 1933 - 1944
  • Table 9: Number of Applications and Admissions to the Lowest Class (Rural), 1933 - 1944
  • Arab Secondary Education (end of page)  
  • Training For Teachers For Government Schools
  • Technical Education in Arab Schools
  • Agriculture Education
  • Government School Buildings
  • Jewish Schools
  • Table 10: Expenditure Directly Controlled By The Va'ad Leumi
  • Table 11: Total Expenditure of The Hebrew Public System Analyzed By Types of Schools
  • Other Jewish Schools
  • Other Non-Governmental Schools
  • Scout Movement
  • Hebrew University
  • Table 12: General Statistics For Arab Public System, 1944
  • Table 13: General Statistics For Private Muslim Schools, 1944
  • Table 14: General Statistics For Private Christian Schools, 1944
  • Table 15: General Statistics For Hebrew Public System, 1944
  • Table 16: General Statistics For Private Hebrew Schools, 1944
  • Table 18: Estimate of Total Expenditure on The Hebrew Public System, 1942/43
  • Section 3: Jewish Education And Cultural Activities
  • Section 4: Social Welfare
  • Table 1: Number of Juvenile Offenders, 1944
  • Table 2: Ages And Types of Offences of Juvenile Offenders, 1944
  • Table 3: Statistics of Treatments Applied to Juvenile Offenders, 1944 (end of page)
  • Table 4: Number of Non-Jewish Families on Relief in Jerusalem, 1941-44 (end of page)
  • Table 5: Number of Non-Jewish Families on Relief in Jerusalem, 1944
  • Jewish Welfare Services  (end of page)
  • Provisions Earmarked For Social Welfare Amongst The Jewish Community
  • Arab Welfare Services
  • Slum Conditions in Urban Areas
  • Section 5: The Standard of Living of Palestinian Arabs
  • Table 1: Comparative Figures of The Urban and rural Sections of the Non-Jewish population
  • Table 2: Incidents of Malaria, 1922 - 1944
  • Table 15: Infant Mortality Rate (Per 1000) Among Moslems of Palestine in Towns
  • Education
  • Table 20: Number of Schools and Pupils, 1920 - 1944
  • Table 23a: Municipal Expenditure of Public Word And Value of Other Building Constructions
  • Chapter XVII: Labour And Wages................................................................. 731
  • Section 1: Employment and Unemployment
  • Employment
  • Number of Wage And Salary Earners in Each Industry Group in 1939 and 1942
  • Estimate of Jews Gainfully Employed-1945
  • Annual Average number of Daily-Paid Workers Employed By The Army And Certain Government Departments
  • Unemployment
  • Section 2: Wages and Earnings
  • Table 1: Daily Wage Rates For Selected Industrial Occupations, 1939 -1944
  • Table 2: Basic Daily Wage Rates For Jewish Laborers in certain Selected Industrial Occupations, 1939 -1944
  • Table 3: Basic Daily Wage Rates in Agriculture 1939 And 1944/45
  • Table 4: Jewish Labor Union Daily Wage Rates, Sept. 1939, and March 1945
  • Table 5: Daily Wage Rate in Construction Trades 1939 - 1945
  • Table 6: Daily Average Earnings in Industry and Transportation, 1943 - 1945
  • Table 7: Monthly Earnings of a Government Clerk (Grade 'O'), 1939 - 1945
  • Section 3: The Administration of Labor Matters
  • Section 4: Legislation
  • Section 5: International Convention Affecting Labor
  • Section 6: Labor Organizations
  • The Organization of Jewish Labor in Agriculture
  • The Arab Trade Union Movement, 1945
  • Arab Jewish Labor Relations (end of page)
  • Section 7: The Re-Settlement of Ex-Service Men and Women
  • Section 8: The Employment of Arab And Jewish Labor By Government Departments
  • Table 1: Employment of Labor Department And Contract by The Department of Public Works
  • Table 2: Contracts Awarded Arab and Jewish Contractors, 1942 - 1945 (end of page)
  • Wages in Railroad and Ports
  • Table 5: Railway Contracts By Religion
  • Table 9: Employment of Casual Labor By Municipal Corporation
  • Table 10: Contracts Awarded By Municipal Corporations (end of page)
  • Chapter XVIII: Town Planning and The Problem of Housing............... 781
  • Section 1: Town Planning And Building Control
  • (a) Legislation
  • (b) Machinery of Control
  • (c) The Town Planning Department
  • (d) Special Obligations of the Department in regard to Jerusalem
  • (e) Improvement Trust
  • Section 2: Present Housing Needs
  • Part 1: Estimates of Deficiencies
  • The Jewish Community
  • Increase in The Number of Family Units (end of page)
  • Immigration
  • Percentage of Construction By Religion and By District
  • Table 3: Building Activity In Palestine,  1936 - 1945
  • The Arab Community
  • Immigration
  • Part 2: Evidence of Congestion (end of page)
  • Jewish Areas (end of page)
  • Arab Areas
  • Section 3: Measures Taken To Remedy The Position in Housing
  • The Emergency Building Scheme
  • Section 4: The Cost of Building
  • Section 5: The Supply of Building Material
  • Chapter XIX: Food And Clothing...................................................... 817
  • Section 1: General Survey of The Present Food Situation
  • Section 2: Subsidization Policy
  • Section 3: Human Nutrition
  • Section 4: The Present Position in Regard to The Provision of Clothing and Essential Household Textiles
  • Table 2: Estimate of Consumption of Textile by Religion, 1938
  • Table 3: Arab and Jewish Per Capita Consumption of Textile in Palestine (end of page)
  • Chapter XX: Communication............................................................. 853
  • Section 1: Railways
  • Section 2: Ports
  • Haifa Port
  • Jaffa Port
  • Section 3: The Road System
  • Section 4: Road Transport
  • Section 5: Post Office Service
  • Chapter XXI: The Press...................................................................... 873
  • Section 1: Control of The Press
  • Section 2: The Public Information Office
  • Chapter XXII: Community And Religious Affairs............................ 879
  • Section 1: Christian Community And Christian Holy Places
  • Section 2: The Supreme Moslem Council and The Waqf Commission
  • Section 3: The Zionist Organization and The Jewish Agency
  • (a) The Zionist Organization
  • (b) The Jewish Agency
  • (c) Financial And Other Institutions of the Zionist Organization And The Jewish Agency for Palestine
  • Summary of Income, Expenditure, And investment of Jewish National Fund in Palestine
  • Section 4: Statuary Jewish Community
  • (a) Constitution
  • (b) Financial Arrangement
  • Section 5: Agudat Israel
  • Section 6: Other Religious Communities
  • Section 7: Official Holiday
  • Section 8: The Official Languages
  • Section 9: Two Community Problems
  • (a) The Jerusalem Municipality Problem
  • (b) The Jewish Quarter of Jaffa
  • Chapter XXIII: Community And Religious Affairs............................ 945
  • Section 1: The Arab Political Parties
  • The Palestine Arab Party (end of page)
  • The National Defense Party
  • The Arab Reform Party
  • The National Bloc Party
  • The Istiqlal (Independence) Party
  • The First Arab Higher Committee
  • The First Arab Higher Committee
  • Relations With The Arab League (end of page)
  • Arab Labor Organizations
  • Section 2: The Jewish Political Parties (end of page)
  • A. Labor Parties
  • B. Parties of The Centre
  • C. Right Wing Parties
  • D. The Communist Party (end of page)
  • E. IHUD (Unity) And League For Jewish-Arab Rapprochement
  • F. Agudath Israel
  • Chapter XXIV: International Agreements, Conventions, And Treats..... 963
  • Chapter XXV: Concessions and Mining.................................................. . 963
  • Section 1: Concessions
  • (a) Oil Concessions (end of page)
  • (b) Electricity Concessions
  • (c) Other Concessions
  • Section 2: Mining And Oil Mining
  • Quantities of Principal Minerals  Produced
  • Chapter XXVI: War Economic Measures................................................ 963
  • Section 1: The War Supply Board
  • Section 2: The War Economic Advisory Council
  • Section 3: The Custodian of Enemy Property
  • Section 4: War Time Economic Control (end of page)
  • (a) Food Control
  • (b) Price Control
  • (c) Control of Heavy Industries and Directorate of War Production
  • (d) Control of Light Industries (end of page)
  • (e) Control of Road Transport (end of page)
  • (f) Control of Salvage (end of page)
  • (g) Control of Agricultural Production
  • (h) Control of  Medical Supplies
  • (i) Control of  Fuel Oil (end of page)
  • Appendix A: Orders in Council Applicable to Palestine................... 1037
  • Appendix B: Advisory And Statuary Official Bodies.......................... 1047
  • Appendix C: Glossary............................................................................ 1071
  • Index......................................................................................................... 1079

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