Thursday, December 17, 2020

Edition Topoi Collections: Ancient Columns

Ancient Columns


This collection assembles 3D models of ancient columns for the purpose of reconstructing their underlying building principles.


Vitruv provided design principles for ancient columns in his 'De Architectura'. Incomplete or lost is the part of description characterizing the slight embellishment of the form of columns called "entasis". Introduced to address optical refinements of columns, various geometric techniques had been developed to construe the forms of columns. The form varies largely depending on the size of the column and its purpose.

Further information

Haselberger, Lothar, 1999. Appearance and Essence - Refinements of Classical Architecture: Curvature. University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia.

Wilson Jones, Mark, 2000. Principles of Roman architecture.

Research Group

Gerd Grasshoff, Bernhard Fritsch

Conditions for Use

Creative Commons BY-NC-SA 3.0 DE 

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