The project Monuments of Mosul in Danger (Ohrožená architektura města Mosulu) – supported by the Oriental Institute, The Czech Academy of Sciences in Prague, and the research programme Strategy AV21 of The Czech Academy of Sciences – was launched in reaction to a serious threat to the Mosul architectural sites from ISIS (Daesh), who seized the town in June 2014. Since then, dozens of historical sites have been razed to the ground or severely damaged. Monuments of diverse types, such as mosques, madrasas, mausolea, graveyards, churches and monasteries have been subject to destruction.
Mosul architecture has only been marginally researched by Western scholars. Because of this, we are not aware of how much world cultural heritage we have been deprived of. The first and only systematic survey of Islamic, Christian, and Jewish monuments in Mosul was conducted by Ernst Herzfeld in 1907-1908. Subsequently, only several aspects of Mosul medieval architecture have been written about by, among others, Ugo Monneret de Villard and Eugen Wirth. Mosul architecture has been studied by many outstanding Iraqi researchers (e.g., Sa‛id al-Diwahji, Tariq Jawad Janabi, Ahmad Qasim al-Jum‛a, Ahmad al-Sufi, al-Kubaisi, al-Tutunchi, and others). Their research, however, remains largely unrecognized by the Western historical and archeological discourse.
The project Monuments of Mosul in Danger (Ohrožená architektura města Mosulu) aims to document and research Mosul monuments that have been destroyed by ISIS since June 2014 (see About the Project). As the first output of the project, we are releasing a list and interactive map of destroyed monuments created through analysis of satellite imagery. The list and map are interconnected with profile lists of individual monuments showing satellite images documenting the scope of the destruction. The map documents the situation as of the end of August 2015. We have failed to identify six of 38 destroyed structures (labeled as unknown structure). We would be grateful for any additional information that would help us to identify them.
Do not hesitate to contact us should we have made any mistakes in our identifications. Also, any supportive documentation related to the endangered Mosul architecture would be appreciated.