Sunday, December 3, 2017

Open Access Journal: The Journal of Ancient Egyptian Architecture

[First posted in AWOL 20 December 2016, updated 3 December 2017]

The Journal of Ancient Egyptian Architecture
ISSN: 2472-999X
The Journal of Ancient Egyptian Architecture is a scientific, open access and annual periodical. Its purpose is to promote the publication of research devoted to Ancient Egyptian architecture (domestic, civil, military, ritual/religious and funerary), from the Predynastic Period to the Roman imperial era, whatever the modern geographical context (Egypt, Sudan, Near East, etc). The subject scope includes everything relating to construction, regardless of its original importance or purpose.

The journal publishes fieldwork reports and studies undertaken in the Egyptological tradition, including discussions of epigraphy and iconography, but also work that utilizes specific skills such as structural and materials sciences, or modern investigative techniques. In this way, JAEA seeks to encourage the development of detailed technical descriptions, and deeply theorized understanding (of architectural symbolism, propaganda, climatic and geological influences, etc.). This interdisciplinary approach will help connect adjacent areas of expertise which, alone, could not reflect the richness and complexity of the Ancient Egyptian built heritage.

The periodical welcomes any study that meets any one of these goals, only on the condition that the formatting and content of articles are subject to JAEA scientific publication requirements.

Volume 2

2017 - 5 Articles



Occam’s Egyptian razor: the equinox and the alignment of the pyramids (p. 1)

Glen Dash

The builders of the Old Kingdom pyramids oriented the monuments to the cardinal points with great accuracy. How they managed to achieve this has long been debated. Several candidate methods have been proposed, tested, and found workable, yet there is one straightforward method that scholars have largely ignored, perhaps because it was thought to be incapable of achieving the requisite accuracy. This is the 'equinoctial solar gnomon method' which uses a vertical rod to track the movement of the sun on the equinox. In this article, the author describes an experiment carried out to evaluate the method, and compares the results with archaeological survey data from the Memphite Necropolis in Egypt.

Published 23 January 2017 3750 Views 246 Downloads

A Potentially Significant Dimension Recorded on an Old Kingdom Papyrus from Saqqara (p. 9)

Colin Reader

An analysis of texts on a fragmentary Old Kingdom papyrus from Saqqara suggests that they record the construction of the pyramid complex of pharaoh Teti. Amongst the information obtained from the papyrus was a dimension – 441 cubits. This paper discusses the possible significance of this dimension in the context of Old Kingdom pyramid building.

Published 25 February 2017 2364 Views 210 Downloads

The Dark Side of a Model Community: The ‘Ghetto’ of el-Lahun (p. 19)

Mazzone David

Studies of the earliest urban settlements in the Nile Valley often neglect to address the significance of built environments for the ‘poor’ and their relationship with social organization. The western workers’ quarter at el-Lahun; the ḫnrt mentioned in hieratic papyri, has received little scholarly attention in comparison to the eastern area containing the ‘élite residences’. In 1889 Flinders Petrie noted that the western streets of the town showed signs of a greater degree of poverty. Later examinations indicated the presence of a type of corrective labor camp; what might be described today as a ‘ghetto’. Convicts may have been forced to live in such places of confinement as a form of punishment. Life for a multitude of people in the ancient town of el-Lahun might, in fact, have been radically different from previously held views. Rather than a quiet township community, this article uncovers a social order built upon racial discrimination and cultural intolerance, marked by seclusion, coercion, and possibly violence.

Published 30 March 2017 8799 Views 254 Downloads

An elegant vault design principle identified in Old and New Kingdom architecture (p. 55)

David I. Lightbody, Franck Monnier

Architectural sketches showing profiles most likely used for constructing arched mudbrick and stone roofs and rock-cut vaulted chambers have been recovered from ancient Egyptian archaeological contexts. The procedures and/or mathematical principles used to construct the profiles and the data sets recorded on the relevant artifacts have been discussed for over a century. Certain interpretations seem to have attained the status of established fact, despite the lack of a solid rational basis. Catenary, elliptical, and circular arcs can often have similar profiles, so it has proved difficult to reach firm conclusions regarding the geometric construction methods, using the limited evidence available. This article revisits two of the major sources of evidence: ostracon JE50036, now in the Imhotep Museum at Saqqara, and a sketched form drawn out by tomb KV9, which is now, unfortunately, almost completely lost. The authors present a new combined analysis and propose that both of these arcs may have been constructed using the same elegant geometric procedure, which is based on a 3-4-5 triangle.

Published 29 July 2017 1921 Views 137 Downloads

An interactive tool for the recording, analysis and interpretation of ancient Egyptian domestic mudbrick architecture (p. 71)

Maria Correas Amador

This article presents an interpretive digital tool designed to facilitate the study of Egyptian domestic mudbrick archaeological sites. Ancient Egyptian domestic architecture is comparatively less well known than funerary or religious architecture. Traditionally, the discourse regarding ancient Egyptian houses has been built upon artistic sources such as tomb wall representations and models recovered from tombs and domestic spaces. These sources were generally produced by certain social groups and during certain periods, which limits their use to those contexts. In response to this situation, this article outlines a practical way in which an ethnoarchaeological study of Egyptian domestic architecture has been translated into the development of a digital tool for the recording, analysis and interpretation of Ancient Egyptian houses.

Published 1 October 2017 476 Views 84 Downloads

Reviews (p. 83)

Published 17 November 2017 258 Views 40 Downloads

Volume 1

2016 - 5 Articles


No comments:

Post a Comment