Friday, October 14, 2016

A Digital Corpus for Graeco-Arabic Studies

A Digital Corpus for Graeco-Arabic Studies
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Greek-Arabic translations

Between the 8th and 10th centuries CE, hundreds of Greek philosophical, medical and scientific works were translated into Arabic. These translations helped shape the development of philosophy and science in the Islamic world. Through later Latin translations, they also exerted some influence in the Latin West. 

Most importantly, Arabic translations were crucial for preserving, transmitting and extending ancient Greek thought: many Greek texts were lost in the intervening centuries and are now only extant in Arabic translation. The Arabic translators also had access to manuscripts that were often several centuries older and potentially closer to the Greek originals than those available to editors of ancient Greek texts today. 

The Arabic translators’ understanding of their Greek sources was informed by their historical, cultural, religious and linguistic background. Their reading of these texts offers a new perspective on the ancient world that has the potential to enhance our own understanding.

The Digital Corpus 

The Digital Corpus assembles a wide range of Greek texts and their Arabic counterparts. It also includes a number of Arabic commentaries and important secondary sources. The texts in the corpus can be consulted individually or side by side with their translation. The majority of texts can also be downloaded for further analysis.
al-Fārābī
  • Fī qawānīn al-šiʿr The Canons of Poetry

  • al-Nayrīzī
    • Šarḥ kitāb al-Uṣūl li-Ūqlīdis (pt. 1) Commentary on Euclid's Elements
    • Šarḥ kitāb al-Uṣūl li-Ūqlīdis (pt. 2) Commentary on Euclid's Elements
    • Šarḥ kitāb al-Uṣūl li-Ūqlīdis (pt. 3) Commentary on Euclid's Elements
  • al-Ruhāwī
    • K. Adab al-ṭabīb Practical Ethics of the Physician
  • Alexander of Aphrodisias
    • De Intellectu et Intellecto On the Intellect
    • De Libero Arbitrio On Free Will
    • De Providentia On Providence
    • De Visu On Seeing
    • Quaestio I 11a: De Universalibus Problems and Solutions I 11a: On Universals
    • Quaestio I 2: De Colore Problems and Solutions I 2: On Colour
    • Quaestio I 5: De Auctu Problems and Solutions I 5: On Growth
    • Quaestio III 3: De Sensu Problems and Solutions III 3: On Sense Perception
  • Apollonius of Perga
    • Conica Conics
  • Aristotle
    • Analytica Posteriora Posterior Analytics
    • Analytica Priora Prior Analytics
    • Ars Poetica Poetics
    • Categoriae The Categories
    • De Anima On the Soul
    • De Divinatione per Somnum On Divination in Sleep
    • De Insomniis On Dreams
    • De Interpretatione On Interpretation
    • De Iuventute et Senectute, de Vita et Morte On Youth, Old Age, Life and Death
    • De Longitudine et Brevitate Vitae On Length and Shortness of Life
    • De Memoria et Reminiscentia On Memory
    • De Respiratione On Respiration
    • De Sensu et Sensibilibus Sense and Sensibilia
    • De Somno et Vigilia On Sleep
    • De Sophisticis Elenchis On Sophistical Refutations
    • Historia Animalium History of Animals
    • Meteorologica Meteorology
    • Topica Topics
  • Euclid
    • Elementa Elements
  • Galen
    • Ad Glauconem de Methodo Medendi Therapeutics to Glaucon
    • Adhortatio ad Artes Addiscendas Exhortation to the Arts
    • Adversus Eos qui de Typis Scripserunt Against Those who Write about Types
    • Adversus Julianum Against Julian
    • Adversus Lycum Against Lycus
    • An in Arteriis Natura Sanguis Contineatur On whether Blood is Naturally Contained in the Arteries
    • Ars Medica The Art of Medicine
    • Compendium Timaei Platonis Commentary on Plato's Timaeus
    • De Anatomicis Administrationibus I-IX,5 On Anatomical Procedures
    • De Anatomicis Administrationibus IX,6-XV On Anatomical Procedures
    • De Animi Cuiuslibet Peccatorum Dignotione et Curatione On the Diagnosis and Cure of the Errors of the Soul
    • De Antidotis On Antidotes
    • De Atra Bile On Black Bile
    • De Bonis Malisque Sucis On Good and Bad Juices
    • De Bono Habitu Good Condition
    • De Causis Contentivis On Containing Causes
    • De Causis Morborum Causes of Diseases
    • De Causis Pulsuum Causes of Pulses
    • De Causis Respirationis On the Causes of Breathing
    • De Comate Secundum Hippocratem On Coma According to Hippocrates
    • De Compositione Medicamentorum per Genera On the Composition of Drugs according to Kind
    • De Compositione Medicamentorum secundum Locos I-VI On the Composition of Drugs according to Places I-VI
    • De Compositione Medicamentorum secundum Locos VII-X On the Composition of Drugs according to Places VII-X
    • De Constitutione Artis Medicae ad Patrophilum On the Composition of the Art of Medicine
    • De Consuetudinibus On Habits
    • De Crisibus On Crises
    • De Curandi Ratione per Venae Sectionem On Treatment by Bloodletting
    • De Diebus Decretoriis On Critical Days
    • De Differentiis Pulsuum Differences of Pulses
    • De Difficultate Respirationis Difficulties in Breathing
    • De Dignoscendis Pulsibus Diagnosis by Pulses
    • De Dignotione ex Insomniis On Diagnosis from Dreams
    • De Elementis ex Hippocrate On the Elements According to Hippocrates
    • De Experientia Medica On Medical Experience
    • De Facultatibus Naturalibus On the Natural Faculties
    • De Febrium Differentiis On the Differences of Fevers
    • De Foetuum Formatione On the Formation of the Foetus
    • De Hirundinibus, Revulsione, Cucurbitula, Incisione et Scarificatione On Leeches, Revulsion, the Cupping Glass, Incision and Scarification
    • De Inaequali Intemperie On Uneven Distemper
    • De Instrumento Odoratus On the Organ of Smell
    • De Locis Affectis On Affected Parts
    • De Marcore On Marasmus
    • De Methodo Medendi On the Therapeutic Method
    • De Morborum Differentiis Differences of Diseases
    • De Morborum Temporibus Opportune Moments in Diseases
    • De Motu Musculorum On the Movement of Muscles
    • De Musculorum Dissectione ad Tirones On the Dissection of Muscles
    • De Nervorum Dissectione On the Anatomy of the Nerves
    • De Nominibus Medicinalibus On Medical Names
    • De Optima Corporis Nostri Constitutione The Best Constitution of our Bodies
    • De Optima Doctrina On the Best Method of Teaching
    • De Optimo Medico Cognoscendo On Recognizing the Best Physician
    • De Ossibus ad Tirones On Bones for Beginners
    • De Partibus Artis Medicativae On the Parts of the Art of Medicine
    • De Partium Homoeomerium Differentia On the Differences of Uniform Parts
    • De Parvae Pilae Exercitio Exercise with the Small Ball
    • De Placitis Hippocratis et Platonis On the Doctrines of Hippocrates and Plato
    • De Plenitudine On Plethora
    • De Praenotione ad Epigenem On Prognosis
    • De Praesagitione ex Pulsibus Prognosis by Pulses
    • De Propriorum Animi Cuiuslibet Affectuum Dignotione et Curatione The Passions of the Soul
    • De Ptisana On Barley Soup
    • De Pulsibus ad Tirones On the Pulse for Beginners
    • De Purgantium Medicamentorum Facultate On the Power of Cleansing Drugs
    • De Sanitate Tuenda On the Preservation of Health
    • De Sectis ad eos qui introducuntur On Sects for Beginners
    • De Semine On Semen
    • De Septimestri Partu On the Seven-Month Child
    • De Simplicium Medicamentorum Facultatibus I-VI On the Powers of Simple Drugs I-VI
    • De Simplicium Medicamentorum Facultatibus VII-XI On the Powers of Simple Drugs VII-XI
    • De Sophismatibus penes Dictionem On Linguistic Sophisms
    • De Substantia Facultatum Naturalium On the Substance of the Natural Powers
    • De Symptomatum Causis Causes of Symptoms
    • De Symptomatum Differentiis Differences of Symptoms
    • De Temperamentis On Mixtures
    • De Theriaca ad Pisonem On Theriac to Piso
    • De Totius Morbi Temporibus Opportune Moments in Diseases as a Whole
    • De Tremore, Palpitatione, Convulsione et Rigore On Tremor, Palpitation, Spasm and Rigor
    • De Tumoribus Praeter Naturam On Abnormal Swellings
    • De Typis On Types
    • De Usu Partium I-XI On the Utility of the Parts I-XI
    • De Usu Partium XII-XVII On the Utility of the Parts XII-XVII
    • De Usu Pulsuum On the Function of the Pulse
    • De Uteri Dissectione On the Anatomy of the Uterus
    • De Utilitate Respirationis On the Use of Breathing
    • De Venae Sectione adversus Erasistrateos Romae Degentes On Bloodletting against the Erasistrateans at Rome
    • De Venae Sectione adversus Erasistratum On Bloodletting against Erasistratus
    • De Venarum Arteriarumque Dissectione On the Anatomy of Veins and Arteries
    • De Victu Attenuante The Thinning Diet
    • Ex Galeni Commentariis De Fasciis From Galen's Commentaries on On Bandages
    • In Hippocratis Aphorismi I-V On Hippocrates' Aphorisms I-V
    • In Hippocratis Aphorismi VI-VII On Hippocrates' Aphorisms VI-VII
    • In Hippocratis De Acutorum Morborum Victu On Hippocrates' Regimen in Acute Diseases
    • In Hippocratis De Alimento On Hippocrates' Nutriment
    • In Hippocratis De Articulis On Hippocrates' Joints
    • In Hippocratis De Fracturis On Hippocrates' Fractures
    • In Hippocratis De Natura Hominis On Hippocrates' Nature of Man
    • In Hippocratis De Officina Medici On Hippocrates' Surgery
    • In Hippocratis De Praedictionibus On Hippocrates' Prorrhetics
    • In Hippocratis De Salubri Victus Ratione On Hippocrates' Regimen in Health
    • In Hippocratis Epidemiarum librum I On Hippocrates' Epidemics I
    • In Hippocratis Epidemiarum librum III On Hippocrates' Epidemics III
    • In Hippocratis Epidemiarum librum VI 1-2 On Hippocrates' Epidemics VI 1-2
    • In Hippocratis Epidemiarum librum VI 3-6 On Hippocrates' Epidemics VI 3-6
    • In Hippocratis Prognosticum On Hippocrates' Prognostic
    • Institutio Logica Introduction to Logic
    • Puero Epileptico Consilium Advice to an Epileptic Boy
    • Quod Animi Mores Corporis Temperamenta Sequantur The Faculties of the Soul follow the Mixtures of the Body
    • Quod Optimus Medicus Sit Quoque Philosophus The Best Doctor is also a Philosopher
    • Synopsis de Pulsibus Synopsis on Pulses
  • Gregory of Nazianzus
    • Carmen Morale XXX Moral Poems XXX
  • Hippocrates
    • Aphorismi Aphorisms
    • Coa Praesagia Coan Prenotions
    • De Aere, Aquis, Locis Airs, Waters, Places
    • De Affectionibus Affections
    • De Affectionibus Interioribus Internal Affections
    • De Alimento Nutriment
    • De Anatomia Anatomy
    • De Arte The Art
    • De Articulis Joints
    • De Capitis Vulneribus Wounds in the Head
    • De Carnibus Fleshes
    • De Corde Heart
    • De Crisibus Crises
    • De Dentitione Dentition
    • De Diaeta Regimen
    • De Diaeta Acutorum (spurium) Regimen in Acute Diseases (Appendix)
    • De Diaeta in Morbis Acutis Regimen in Acute Diseases
    • De Diebus Criticis Critical Days
    • De Exsectione Foetus Excision of the Fetus
    • De Fistulis Fistulas
    • De Flatibus Breaths
    • De Fracturis Fractures
    • De Genitura Generation
    • De Glandulis Glands
    • De Habitu Decenti Decorum
    • De Haemorrhoidibus Haemorrhoids
    • De Humoribus Humours
    • De Liquidorum Usu Use of Liquids
    • De Locis in Homine Places in Man
    • De Medico The Physician
    • De Morbis I Diseases I
    • De Morbis II Diseases II
    • De Morbis III Diseases III
    • De Morbis IV Diseases IV
    • De Morbo Sacro The Sacred Disease
    • De Muliebribus Diseases of Women
    • De Natura Hominis Nature of Man
    • De Natura Muliebri Nature of Women
    • De Natura Ossium Nature of Bones
    • De Natura Pueri Nature of the Child
    • De Octimestri Partu Eight Months' Child
    • De Officina Medici In the Surgery
    • De Prisca Medicina Ancient Medicine
    • De Salubri Diaeta Regimen in Health
    • De Superfoetatione Superfetation
    • De Ulceribus Ulcers
    • De Virginum Morbis Diseases of Young Girls
    • De Visu Sight
    • Epidemiarum I Epidemics I
    • Epidemiarum II Epidemics II
    • Epidemiarum III Epidemics III
    • Epidemiarum IV Epidemics IV
    • Epidemiarum V Epidemics V
    • Epidemiarum VI Epidemics VI
    • Epidemiarum VII Epidemics VII
    • Epistulae, Decretum, Orationes Letters, Decree, Speeches
    • Iusiurandum Oath
    • Lex Law
    • Praeceptiones Precepts
    • Prognosticon Prognostic
    • Prorrheticon I Prorrhetic I
    • Prorrheticon II Prorrhetic II
    • Vectiarius Mochlicon
  • Ḥunayn ibn Isḥāq
    • al-Risāla Epistle
  • Hypsicles
    • Anaphoricus On Ascensions
  • Ibn al-Nadīm
    • K. al-Fihrist The Catalogue
  • Ibn Riḍwān
    • Taʿālīq li-fawāʾid min Kitāb Qāṭīṭriyūn tafsīr Ǧālīnūs Notes on Useful Points Derived from Galen's Commentary on Hippocrates' In the Surgery
  • Ibn Rušd
    • Talḫīṣ kitāb al-ḥāss wa-l-maḥsūs Middle Commentary on Aristotle's Sense and Sensibilia
    • Talḫīṣ kitāb al-šiʿr Middle Commentary on Aristotle's Poetics
  • Ibn Sīnā
    • Kitāb al-šifāʾ: Fann al-šiʿr The Cure: Chapter on Aristotle's Poetics
  • Ibn Suwār
    • Taʿlīqāt kitāb Īsāġūǧī li-Furfuriyūs Notes on Porphyry's Isagoge
  • Nicolaus of Damascus
    • De Plantis On Plants
  • Nicomachus of Gerasa
    • Introductio Arithmeticae Introduction to Arithmetic
  • Pappus
    • In Euclidis Elementa Commentary on Euclid's Elements
  • Porphyry
    • De Vita Pythagorica Life of Pythagoras
    • Isagoge Introduction
  • Proclus Diadochus
    • De Aeternitate Mundi On the Eternity of the World
    • Institutio Theologica Elements of Theology
    • Quaestiones Naturales Natural Questions
  • ps-Aristotle
    • De Mundo On the Universe
    • De Somniis On Dreams
    • De Spiritu On Breath
    • Liber De Causis Discourse on the Pure Good
    • Testamentum Aristotelis Testament
  • ps-Galen
    • Ad Gaurum Quomodo Animetur Fetus To Gaurus on How Embryos are Ensouled
    • De Diaeta in Morbis Acutis secundum Hippocratem On Regimen in Acute Diseases in Accordance with the Theories of Hippocrates
    • De Fasciis On Bandages
    • De Optima Secta ad Thrasybulum On the Best Sect
    • De Remediis Parabilibus On Handy Medications
    • De Theriaca ad Pamphilianum On Theriac to Pamphilianus
    • De Venereis On Venereal Diseases
    • Introductio Seu Medicus Introduction
    • Quos, Quibus Catharticis Medicamentis et Quando Purgare Oporteat Whom to Purge, With Which Cleansing Drugs, and When
  • ps-Hermes Trismegistus
    • De Castigatione Animae Admonition of the Soul
  • ps-Hippocrates
    • De Septimestri Partu Seven Months' Child
  • ps-Menander
    • Sententiae Menandri (versio A) Menander's One-Verse Maxims
    • Sententiae Menandri (versio B) Menander's One-Verse Maxims
  • ps-Plato
    • Liber Quartorum Book of Fours
  • ps-Plutarch
    • Placita Philosophorum On the Opinions of the Philosophers
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    • By texttype
      • Original (Greek)
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 And see also Studia graeco-arabica

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