Sunday, September 30, 2012

Stemmaweb - a collection of tools for analysis of collated texts

Stemmaweb - a collection of tools for analysis of collated texts
Stemmaweb is a set of tools that has grown out of the Tree of Texts, a CREA ("creative research") project funded by the KU Leuven. The tools were developed variously within the project, on behalf of the project by Shadowcat Systems, and in collaboration with the Interedition project. The source code for all tools and associated libraries is available on Github.

All tools are free for scholarly (nonprofit) use and adaptation. Although some data may be viewed publicly without a user account, use of the tools with your own data is possible only by registering as a user. You may log in with a Google account or another OpenID account, or you may register with a local username and password for use on the site. The Tree of Texts project and KU Leuven retain rights to uploaded text traditions only insofar as it is necessary to store and back them up, display them according to the stated preferences, and analyze them with the tools provided and linked.

Friday, September 28, 2012

Mapping Mediterranean Lands (MEDMAPS)

Mapping Mediterranean Lands (MEDMAPS)
Mapping Mediterranean Lands (MEDMAPS) showcases sixteen important early maps and related information from the collections of American centers for international research in the Mediterranean region. As part of the Digital Library for International Research, under the aegis of the Council of American Overseas Research Centers, this three-year project completed a comprehensive survey of maps in the collections of American research centers in the Mediterranean area and created web-accessible bibliographic records. In addition, this site includes information about unique maps and illustrated plates in atlases and other publications relating to archaeological excavation and exploration.

Mapping Mediterranean Lands is funded by a grant from the U.S. Department of State, Education and Cultural Affairs (ECA), 2002-2005. The three-year survey was conducted by the project's Head Cartographer, Leonora Navari, in cooperation with the American centers for international research. Ms. Navari also wrote the exhibition essays and other project notes.

Wednesday, September 26, 2012

Open Access Journal: Yemen Update On Line

[First posted in AWOL 9 November 2009. Most recently pdated 26 September 2012]

Yemen Update Online: Bulletin of the American Institute for Yemeni Studies
The electronic version of the AIYS annual bulletin Yemen Update, known here as Yemen Update Online, features articles about research in Yemen, literature reviews, and human interest pieces on Yemeni and Islamic culture. Yemen Update Online was originally designed by Daniel Martin Varisco as Yemen Update Online / Yemen Webdate, incorporating the contents of the paper version of the bulletin as Yemen Update Online, while the Yemen Website section featured exclusive internet-only content.

Gloses et commentaires de la Bible au Moyen Âge Gloses et commentaires de la Bible au Moyen Âge. Portail de ressources numériques
Le projet est né à l'initiative d'un groupe de chercheurs qui, en 2006, ont rédigé un appel à collaboration pour la réalisation d'une édition électronique de la Glosa ordinaria de la Bible (Glose "de Laon", version de l'incunable de l'éditeur Rusch de Strasbourg, 1480/1481). 
Cette édition est mise progressivement à disposition du public. Plus largement, ce site a pour but d'être un portail d'information et de documentation sur les gloses et commentaires de la Bible au Moyen Âge, donnant accès à des ressources numériques créées par notre équipe ou disponibles ailleurs sur Internet.
Vous trouverez ici
  1. Biblia cum glosa ordinaria, 4 volumes, éd. Adolf Rusch, Strasbourg, 1480/1481.
  2. Hugues de Saint-Cher / Hugo de Sancto Caro, Postillae in totam Bibliam : mode image.
  3. Nicolas de Lyre / Nicolaus de Lyra, Postillae in totam Bibliam : mode image.
  4. Pierre Lombard / Petrus Lombardus, Glosa in Psalterium : mode image.
  5. Nicolas de Gorran / Nicolaus de Gorran, In VII epistolas canonicas : mode texte.
  • des transcriptions (d'après l'éd. Rusch) :
Lettres préfaces de saint Jérôme 'Frater Ambrosius' et 'Desiderii mei' (non glosées),
Ruth (glose marginale et interlinéaire), 
Tobie (glose marginale et interlinéaire). 
En préparation : Mathieu, Marc, Jean, Apocalypse.
A terme, nous souhaitons diffuser ici en libre accès l'édition électronique en mode texte de toute la Glose ordinaire de la Bible.
Voir Présentation de l'édition électronique de la Glose.

Pardee on Tropper in AfO 50

Dennis Pardee's 404 page review of J. Tropper, Ugaritische Grammatik (AOAT 273), Ugarit-Verlag, Münster 2000, published as an online supplement to Archiv für Orientforschung 50 was hosted on the website of the Institut für Orientalistik, Universität Wien.

While it is no longer accessible in Vienna, it remains online at the Internet Archive's Wayback Machine:
AfO 50: D. Pardees Rezension von J. Tropper, Ugaritische Grammatik (AOAT 273), Ugarit-Verlag, Münster 2000 (pdf-Format): S. 1-100. 101-200. 201-300. 301-404.  

n.b.:  The moment I posted this, I was told:  The Institut für Orientalistik website was recently revamped but the review is still available, the new url is See also: (click on the tab "Allfälliges").

I'm very glad to see it re-emerge officially. 

Monday, September 24, 2012

Open Access Journal: Atti della Accademia delle scienze di Torino. Classe di scienze morali, storiche e filologiche

Atti della Accademia delle scienze di Torino. Classe di scienze morali, storiche e filologiche
ISSN: 0001-4419
Direttore responsabile (dal 2009): Prof. Luciano Gallino
Anno di fondazione: 1865
Periodicità: annuale
Negli Atti si pubblicano le note presentate nel corso dell'anno accademico e approvate dalla Classe competente.
A partire dal vol. 142 (2008), negli Atti delle singole Classi è confluita la serie degli Atti ufficiali; essi comprendono quindi anche la relazione annuale del Presidente, la prolusione inaugurale dell'anno accademico e i testi delle commemorazioni dei Soci deceduti. Chiude il volume una breve sezione riassuntiva delle adunanze delle Classi Unite e delle singole Classi.

Ancient World in Open Access Institutional Repositories

[Originally posted 10/5/09. Most recently updated 24 September 2012]

It is increasingly the case that scholars in ancient studies are depositing copies of their publications in institutional repositories. Some examples are:
Do you know of others doing this? Are your articles in an open access repository? Would you line to be included in this list? Contact me!

Scholars who do not have access to Institutional Repositories for their own work, and who wish to share their scholarship openly might consider the opportunities offered by

[and see also Preprints and Open Access Revisited]

Aegeus — Society of Aegean Prehistory - Online Publications

[First posted in AWOL 26 November 2010. Most recently updated 24 September 2012]

Aegeus — Society of Aegean Prehistory  Αιγεύς — Εταιρεία Αιγαιακής Προϊστορίας
Aegeus - Society for Aegean Prehistory was established on 1 March 2009 and is a non-profit organisation with research, cultural and educational objectives. It is managed by its Fellows Anastasia Christophilopoulou, Ioanna Galanaki, Nektarios Karadimas, Evi Margaritis, Ioanna Moutafi, Tatiana Theodoropoulou and Lefteris Zorzos, and consists of members (actual members and legal representatives). The Legal representative of the Society is Nektarios Karadimas.
The Newsletter on Aegean and Cypriot Prehistory is published in digital form, ten times a year, on the 15th of every month (from 15 September to 15 June). The Newsletter is sent to the members of Aegeus as an e-mail attachment free of charges. It is also send, for one year, as a small token of gratitude, to friends who donate books to the Aegean Library.
Aegean Book Reviews

Review of Elizabeth Schofield, 2011. KEOS Volume X, Ayia Irini: The Western Sector, Darmstadt: Philipp von Zabern.

The new Keos volume is concerned with the area designated the Western Sector, which covers a large part of the prehistoric settlement, the fortification wall, the spring chamber and its access. The...
read more

Review of Stella G. Souvatzi, 2008. A Social Archaeology of Households in Neolithic Greece: An Anthropological Approach, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

This monograph is the product of Stella Souvatzi’s doctoral thesis which she received from Cambridge University in 2000. The volume adds to an already existing literature on the use of domestic...
read more

Review of Giorgos Vavouranakis (ed.), The Seascape in Aegean Prehistory, Monographs of the Danish Institute at Athens, vol. 14, Athens: The Danish Institute at Athens.

Landscape archaeology became prominent within the field of Archaeology in the later 20th century, driven by the rise of systematic surface survey and by a desire to understand humans’ experience of...
read more

Review of Nanno Marinatos, 2010. Minoan Kingship and the Solar Goddess: A Near Eastern Koine, Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

When I was at Oxford in the late 1970s, even a mild suggestion that the Minoans might have owed a small part of their culture to Egyptian or Near Eastern ‘influences’ was crushed by sardonic...
read more

Review of P.P. Betancourt (ed.), 2006. The Chrysokamino Metallurgy Workshop and its Territory [Hesperia Supplement 36], Princeton, New Jersey: American School of Classical Studies at Athens.

The present monograph marks the first comprehensive publication of a systematically excavated prehistoric metal production workshop in the Aegean. Although other broadly contemporaneous slag heaps...
read more

Review of Katerina Kopaka (ed.), 2009. Η αιγαιακή προϊστορική έρευνα στις αρχές του 21ου αιώνα. Πρακτικά Επιστημονικής Συνάντησης, Pέθυμνο 5–7 Δεκεμβρίου 2003, Heraklion: University Press of Crete.

(Review in Greek) Το βιβλίο αυτό αποτελεί προϊόν μίας συνάντησης, όπως αναφέρει και ο τίτλος, η οποία διοργανώθηκε...
read more

Iερά και θρησκευτικές τελετουργίες στην Ανακτορική και Μετανακτορική Μυκηναϊκή περίοδο (Sanctuaries and cult practices in the Palatial and Postpalatial Mycenaean period)

Aristotle University of Thessaloniki 2012

This thesis deals with Mycenaean religious activity through the investigation of locales where sanctuaries and confirmed cult practices can be traced in the flourishing period of the palatial...
Aegean Library: -
read more

Recording and Interpreting a Rock Art Complex Situated in Northern Greece: A Tripartite Approach

University College London 2011

This dissertation adopts an innovative tripartite approach in recording and reaching an adequate understanding of a hitherto untheorised and under-investigated rock art complex situated in Northern...
Aegean Library: -
read more

Die letzte Elite der mykenischen Welt. Achaia in mykenischer Zeit und das Phänomen der Kriegerbestattungen im 12. - 11. Jahrhundert v. Chr.

Ruprecht-Karls University of Heidelberg 2007

The aim of the present study is to examine the historical development of Achaea in the Mycenaean period, i.e. the landscape of the north-western Peloponnese that preserved in its place-name up to the...
Aegean Library: 2551
read more

Mycenaean woodworking tools used in shipbuilding (in Greek)

University of Athens 2010

The target set has been pursued through recording, examination and classification of the available archaeological data, gathering the sources (literature, iconography, archeological parallels,...
Aegean Library: -
read more

Fabricating Signification: An Analysis of the Spatial Relationships Between Room Types in Minoan Monumental Architecture

University of California, Los Angeles 1998

This dissertation analyzes the function of the Minoan “Palaces” in Late Bronze Age Crete. It also makes reference to numerous “Villas” termed “palatial.” The “Palaces” incorporate a...
Aegean Library: -
read more

Relations between the Iberian Peninsula and the Eastern Mediterranean during the 2nd and the beginning of the 1st Millenium B.C. Myth and Reality

University of Athens 2009

The aim of this study is to analyze the relations between the Iberian Peninsula and the Eastern Mediterranean before the Phoenician colonization in the area, their extension, their duration and their...
Aegean Library: -
read more

To τοπίο στις τοιχογραφικές παραστάσεις του αιγαιακού χώρου κατά την Ύστερη Εποχή του Χαλκού (The Landscape on the Aegean Bronze Age wall-paintings)

Aristotle University of Thessaloniki 2009

The main goal of this dissertation is to show how the iconography of the Aegean frescos could constitute multiple aspects of landscape experienced by the Aegean people of the Bronze Age. The...
Aegean Library: -
read more

Mainland Polychrome Pottery in Mainland Greece and the Aegean

University of Athens. Faculty of History and Archaeology 2011

Τhe subject of the thesis is a very impressive pottery ware, that bears decoration of two –or sometimes three- colors. The ware is known as “Mainland Polychrome” and makes its appearance at...
Aegean Library: -
read more

Domestic Architecture, Spatial Organisation and the Use of Space in the Early Iron Age in Island Greece

University of Cambridge 2008

This thesis examines evidence of domestic architecture and household activities in Greece between the end of the Bronze Age and the Archaic period (from the 12th to the 7th century B.C.) by putting...
Aegean Library: 2357
read more

Dawn of Discovery: The early British travellers to Crete and their contribution to the discovery of the island’s Bronze Age archaeological heritage

University of Sussex 2009

This thesis will focus on three important British travellers to Crete during the 18th and 19th centuries to establish whether or not they made any significant contribution to the field of research...
Aegean Library: -
read more

Settlement and Social Trends in the Argolid and the Methana Peninsula, 1200 – 900 BC.

University of Sheffield 2010 (Nov. 19th)

The central concern of my research is the ideology and socio-economic practices of the communities in the Argolid and the Methana Peninsula that existed during approximately 1200 BC through 900 BC. A...
Aegean Library: -
read more

Prolegomena to Aegean Archaeology; from the Renaissance until 1875

University of Bristol 2009 (29 July)

This dissertation examines the foundations of what is now called ‘Aegean archaeology’ from the Renaissance until Heinrich Schliemann’s momentous discoveries at Mycenae in 1876. Although several...
Aegean Library: 2000
read more

Wednesday, September 19, 2012

Diyala Archaeological Database (DiyArDa)

Diyala Archaeological Database (DiyArDa)
An Oriental Institute / University of Chicago Publication and Research Project
Supported by the National Endowment for the Humanities Division for Preservation and Access
The Diyala Database, for the first time, publishes all archaeological materials from the Diyala Expedition, one of the most important excavation projects ever undertaken in Mesopotamia (modern Iraq). 

The current version of this database, using OracleTM as a backend, represents a partial release of these data. Future releases will add and update object descriptions and provide new interfaces with additional links to site photographs, field notes, diary entries, and architectural plans.

Significance of Excavations: Located in the lower Diyala river basin northeast of Baghdad, excavations at the sites of Tell Agrab, Tell Asmar (ancient Eshnunna), Ishchali (ancient Neribtum), and Khafaje (ancient Tutub), have provided some of the most comprehensive data for Mesopotamian archaeology and chronology. Undertaken by the University of Chicago‚ Oriental Institute (1930-1937) and by the University of Pennsylvania (1938-1939), these projects were of an unprecedented scale. Up to 25% of the total area of each site were excavated, uncovering not only the remains of palaces and temples, but also of houses, manufacturing facilities, streets, and urban defensive systems, with some soundings extending as deep as 16 meters below the mounds‚present surfaces. Covering the time between the late Uruk period and the end of the Old Babylonian period (3000-1700 BC), the Diyala material represents a crucial part of Mesopotamia's early history during which large territorial states emerged, cities grew to unprecedented sizes, and the cuneiform writing system emerged. 

Significance of Artifacts: Over 15,000 artifacts, representing all aspects of public and private life, were excavated carefully and recorded systematically: statues, votive plaques, seals, pottery vessels, tools, weapons, jewelry, cosmetic sets, weights, figurines, inlays, toys, and almost 2,000 tablets inscribed with cuneiform inscriptions. Following find divisions between the expedition and Iraq's Department of Antiquities these artifacts entered the collections of the Iraq Museum (Baghdad), the Oriental Institute Museum (Chicago), and the University Museum (Philadelphia). In spite of a comprehensive publication program that resulted in nine volumes‚four on architectural complexes and four on key artifact groups (sculpture, seals, pottery) some 75% of these finds (over 11,000 items) unfortunately remained unpublished to the present day. This is regrettable since this corpus is one of the largest artifact assemblages from a controlled excavation undertaken in Iraq, hence remaining a vital chronological backbone for Mesopotamia's early history. 

The Project: Launched in 1992 the Diyala Database Project will, for the first time, publish all archaeological data from these excavations in an integrated database. Supported by grants from the National Endowment for the Humanities Division for Preservation and Access (1994-1999, 2004-2010), the University of Chicago's Women Board (1997), and by the University of Chicago's Provost Innovative Technology Grant (1999, 2000) archival materials, object registers, field diaries, photographs, plans, and correspondence were scanned, object descriptions entered into database tables, and new photographs of artifacts taken at the Oriental Institute Museum.
Enter your User-name / password or "Guest / Guest" 

Tuesday, September 18, 2012


When in Rome a few years ago, we came across the Santa Costanza, a beautiful 4th century AD church with the most amazing mosaics. But, when we tried to find pictures of them on the Internet afterwards, we drew a blank. Then and there we resolved to photograph the mosaics in their entirety and put the results on line for other people to enjoy. Thus was born. is our archival site for photographs of historical cultural artefacts in Europe, including archaeological sites, buildings, artworks—basically anything that has historical interest and looks great! We aren’t affiliated with any institution or school: but, the more images we have captured, the more we have become convinced that the salient characteristics of digital photography—they’re easy (to take and upload), free and resilient—along with the potential for the Internet to bring these pictures to a mass audience, must be leveraged to assist researchers and students.

The real transformative potential of digital photography has yet to be fully realised. For example, whereas previously a single photograph of the Temple of Hephaestus in Athens was all that the book publisher’s budget would allow, it's now possible to photograph every capital, every sculpture, every cut in the marble, and put it all online for no increase in cost (for no cost at all, really). We also understand that the researcher needs clarity, so we exercise significant post-processing on the photos to make enhance their quality. The result is that often even very prosaic objects, such as column bases, can reveal a new and unexpected beauty. Of course, we can always do better: but, as the technology improves, so do our pictures.

Protome of a griffin.  Bronze cauldron attachment.  Olympia, Greece.  After 650 BC.  

Yet, despite this breakthrough in technology, there are many internet sites aimed at researchers where the proprietors still think like book publishers: what large-scale inclusion requires is a corresponding increase in the sophistication of the user interface. On SquinchPix every photograph is extensively tagged (keyworded). Currently our database holds a third of a million keywords for about 21,000 photos, which enables powerful searching across and aggregation of the records. In addition, every search term can be displayed as a tag- or keyword-map that shows what other terms on the site are associated with your search term and with what frequency: a click of the button brings up the corresponding image subsets. So, from finding one picture to relating a picture to many others—that has been SquinchPix’s journey.

You can read more about us here:

 The description above is  from Pelagios.

Monday, September 17, 2012

Tenth International Congress of Coptic Studies Topical Bibliographies Online

Tenth International Congress of Coptic Studies, Rome, 17-22 September 2012
Plenary sessions, during which invited specialists will give reports on recent developments in the major domains of Coptic studies, according to the following (alphabetical) list:

Huehnergard akkadian flashcard sets online

Huehnergard akkadian flashcard sets
1Huehnergard Akkadian 1by sinope15 termsJuly 2, 2010
2Huehnergard 1-6by quizzymonkey68 termsMay 21, 2012
3Huehnergard Akkadian 5by sinope20 termsJuly 2, 2010
4Huehnergard Akkadian 9by sinope18 termsJuly 5, 2010
5Huehnergard Akkadian 11by sinope16 termsJuly 26, 2010
6Huehnergard Akkadian 2by sinope17 termsJuly 2, 2010
7Huehnergard Akkadian 3by sinope16 termsJuly 2, 2010
8Huehnergard Akkadian 4by sinope33 termsJuly 2, 2010
9Huehnergard Cuneiform 9-13by sinope50 termsApril 15, 2011
10Huehnergard Akkadian 7by sinope22 termsJuly 2, 2010
11Huehnergard Akkadian 1-10by sinope210 termsJuly 5, 2010
12Huehnergard Akkadian 8by sinope20 termsJuly 5, 2010
13Huehnergard Akkadian 14by sinope17 termsAugust 4, 2010
14Huehnergard Cuneiform 22-38by sinope54 termsApril 16, 2011
15All Huehnergard Cuneiformby sinope194 termsJune 19, 2011
16Huehnergard Akkadian 6by sinope27 termsJuly 2, 2010
17Huehnergard Akkadian 10by sinope22 termsJuly 5, 2010
18Huehnergard Akkadian 12by sinope14 termsAugust 4, 2010
19Huehnergard Cuneiform 14-17by sinope46 termsApril 15, 2011
20Huehnergard Cuneiform 18-21by sinope44 termsApril 16, 2011
21Huehnergard OB Cuneiformby waykookin190 termsAugust 26, 2011
22Huehnergard Akkadian 1-10by awilumdannum Quizlet PLUS user210 termsOctober 12, 2011
23Huehnergard Akkadian 11by awilumdannum Quizlet PLUS user16 termsOctober 12, 2011
24Huehnergard Akkadian 12by awilumdannum Quizlet PLUS user14 termsOctober 12, 2011
25Huehnergard Akkadian 14by awilumdannum Quizlet PLUS user17 termsOctober 12, 2011
And see also:  Huehnergard's A Grammar of Akkadian: A new edition (3rd), and online updates to the 2nd

Sunday, September 16, 2012

Open Access Monographs: The Swedish Institute in Rome

[First posted in AWOL 6 February 2010. Updated 16 September 2012]

The Swedish Institute in Rome. Online Publications
The Swedish Institute in Rome is a research institute, subordinate to the Swedish Ministry of Education (Utbildningsdepartementet). It is the base for excavations and other scientific research in Italy and pursues academic instruction in archaeology and art sciences as well as arranging conferences with themes of interest to the institute. The Institute has at its disposal a building in central Rome with a relatively well-supplied library, archaeological laboratory and c. twenty rooms and smaller apartments for the use of visiting researchers and holders of scholarships.
Projects & Seminars

1 Pompeian plasters. Insula I 9 and Forum
2 Via Tiburtina. Space, movement and artefacts in the urban landscape
3 Art, Conservation, Science. The Lancellotti Collection Project
4 Roman villas around the urbs. Interaction with landscape and environment
5 Pecus. Man and animal in Antiquity
6 The Swedish Institute in Rome. Projects & Seminars

Other online publications
 1 Bengt E. Thomasson - Laterculi praesidium

Open Access Journal: Cuadernos de Arqueología Mediterránea

[First posted in AWOL 2 July 2009. Updated 16 September 2012]

Cuadernos de Arqueología Mediterránea
ISSN 1578-1356
Cuadernos de Arqueología Mediterránea (ISSN 1578-1356) estudia i difon el món de l'arqueologia mediterrània. Es publica en volums monogràfics, que inclouen contribucions sobre temes específics. També inclou estudis descriptius i tipològics que permeten entendre millor alguna de les èpoques del Mediterrani protohistòric. S'incideix en qüestions de teoria i mètode de l'arqueologia, investigacions ecològiques i paleoambientals o de qüestions conceptuals, com el colonialisme, els orígens d'estat, la dinàmica social, etc. 














Saturday, September 15, 2012

GIS in Archaeology: The Complete Guide

GIS in Archaeology: The Complete Guide

Introduction to Geographic Information Systems

Geographic Information Systems (GIS) are tools for the input, analysis and output of spatial data. Geographers initially used these tools for resource management purposes (Burrough 1986). Over the last decade, GIS applications have revolutionized many disciplines in many ways (Marble, 1990), though some disciplines adopted them earlier than others. In the field of archeology, GIS has barely reached the end of the experimental stage. Although it was used fairly regularly in the early 1980?s, (Kvamme, 1996) its present utilization has dramatically increased. At the time this paper was written, over 500 archaeologists worldwide were registered GIS users with the online database "GIS-using archaeologists", developed byPaul Miller and Ian Johnson in 1995. It is suspected that the actual number of GIS users in the archaeology circle is substantially higher.
  Archeology, as a spatial discipline, has used GIS in a variety of ways. At the simplest level, GIS has found applications as a database management for archaeological records, with the added benefit of being able to create instant maps. It has been implemented in cultural resource management contexts, where archaeological site locations are predicted using statistical models based on previously identified site locations. It has also been used to simulate diachronic changes in past landscapes, and as a tool in intra-site analysis; although this last application has not enjoyed the same popularity as the others.

Open Access Journal: Cota zero: revista d'arqueologia i ciència

[First posted in AWOL 2 July 2009. Updated 15 September 2012]

Cota zero: revista d'arqueologia i ciència
ISSN 0213-4640

Cota zero (ISSN 0213-4640) va néixer l'any 1985 com a plataforma editorial per a la divulgació de la recerca, la formació i el debat relacionats amb l'arqueologia científica. L'eix de cada número el constitueix un «Dossier» que tracta en profunditat i de manera transversal un tema monogràfic d'actualitat amb articles d'investigadors de reconeguda vàlua internacional. La interdisciplinarietat que presenta avui l'arqueologia és analitzada a l'apartat «Col·laboracions especials», una secció en la qual destaquen les anàlisis sobre metodologia, pensament i historiografia de la disciplina arreu del món. Un darrer apartat, «Notícies arqueològiques», informa sobre jaciments excavats recentment i en remarca les singularitats patrimonial, cronològica i científica.