Friday, January 19, 2018

FROM PALACE TO TOWN: Report on the multidisciplinary project carried out by the Iranian-Italian Joint Archaeological Mission on the Persepolis Terrace (Fars, Iran), 2008-2013. 1. Topography, Diagnostic and Conservation

FROM PALACE TO TOWN: Report on the multidisciplinary project carried out by the Iranian-Italian Joint Archaeological Mission on the Persepolis Terrace (Fars, Iran), 2008-2013.
1. Topography, Diagnostic and Conservation

edited by Alireza Askari Chaverdi and Pierfrancesco Callieri
with contributions by Hajar Askari Chaverdi, Angela Bizzarro, Julian Bogdani, Luca Colliva, Carla Gianturco, Giolj Francesco Guidi, Marisa Laurenzi Tabasso, Lorenzo Lazzarini, Giuseppe Morganti, Paolo Pastorello, Shahram Rahbar, Saeid Rahmati, Stefano Ridolfi, Reza Sheikholeslami, Maryam Soleimani, Sven Stefano Tilia, Giorgio Trojsi, Azam Zare
Roma 2017

ISBN: 9788898392636
DOI: 10.12977/from_palace_to_town 
Prefaces (M.H. Talebian, S.M. Beheshti) p. 5
Introduction (A. Askari Chaverdi and P. Callieri) p. 6
1 - Topography and GIS
1.1 - Topography (S.S. Tilia) p. 7
1.2 - GIS of the Persepolis area (H. Askari Chaverdi, A. Bizzarro and S.S. Tilia) p. 13
2 - The Archaeological Relational Database (J. Bogdani and L. Colliva) p. 17
3 - Diagnostic on the Persepolis Terrace
3.1 - Preliminary Diagnostic Study of the Stone on the Persepolis Terrace, 2008
(G.F. Guidi, Sh. Rahbar, S. Rahmati, R. Sheikholeslami, M. Soleimani, G. Trojsi
and A. Zareʿ) p. 24
3.2 - Analyses on Stone Samples from Persepolis and of their Alteration
Products (M. Laurenzi Tabasso and L. Lazzarini) p. 41
3.3 - Experimental Results of XRF with a Portable Equipment
(M. Laurenzi Tabasso and S. Ridolfi) p. 87
3.4 - Study of the Finishing Technique of the Bas-reliefs and Architectural
Surfaces (M. Laurenzi Tabasso and L. Lazzarini) p. 108
4 - Conservation on the Persepolis Terrace
4.1 - Report on the Study on the Proposed Restoration of the NE Doorway of
the Hundred Column Hall, 2009. For a new methodology of intervention on
the Persepolis Terrace (G. Morganti) p. 119
4.2 - Didactic Hands-on Workshop on a Never Restored Window in Hadish,
W Part of S Side, 1st to 15th November 2011 (C. Gianturco, M. Laurenzi Tabasso
and P. Pastorello) p. 122
Alireza Askari Chaverdi and Pierfrancesco Callieri
In Autumn 2008 the Iranian-Italian Joint Archaeological Mission, directed by the editors of the volume, selected the site of Persepolis West for its program of excavations. This project aimed at discovering traces of the everyday town of Persepolis and obtaining ceramic material from reliable stratigraphic contexts necessary to outline a ceramic sequence of historic age for Fars, which was still missing. Even though the scope of the new project was to be mainly archaeological, it was felt the need to urgently update the approach to conservation then applied by the local restorers managed by Hassan Rahsaz, still based on methods and techniques in use in Italy during the 1960’ and 1970’. This “Italian” approach was the result of 15 years of uninterrupted presence in Persepolis of the Italian team of restorers and conservators headed by Giuseppe and Ann Britt Tilia, up to 1979. Therefore, the five-year project that was submitted in 2007 to the Iranian authorities, approved in 2008, included both archaeology and conservation works, and was named “From Palace to Town: An integrated multidisciplinary approach to Persepolis terrace and town”.
This title suggests that the focus of the work that was to be started on Persepolis, differently from the previous research programs, would have shifted from the “Palaces” of the imperial Terrace, which had exclusively attracted the attention of archaeologists in the past, to the inhabited settlement known from the written sources, the “Town”, at the same time without forgetting the urgent needs of conservation on the Terrace and the multidisciplinary approach of an up-to-date study of the past.
In this way, the project had two main objectives, respectively in the fields of archaeology and conservation. The archaeological section of the project has concerned stratigraphic investigations in the promising areas evidenced by the previous geophysical surveys over Persepolis West, one of the supposed areas in which to study everyday life in a settled environment (the “Town”) (Askari Chaverdi and Callieri 2012) as well as in the area of Bagh-e Firuzi (Askari Chaverdi, Callieri and Gondet 2013). They have also resulted in original archaeometric researches on ceramics and other finds (Amadori et al. 2012). The collection of information regarding diagnostic on stone as a basis for subsequent pilot conservation tests on the main problems met on the Persepolis Terrace (the “Palace”) have represented the strategy of the conservation section of the project, which until now has preoduced several separated articles (Guidi et al. 2012; Askari Chaverdi, Callieri, Laurenzi Tabasso and Lazzarini 2016).
The series of final reports on the 2008-2013 project “From Palace to Town” is made of four volumes. Volume 1 is dedicated to the diagnostic studies necessary for subsequent interventions in conservations on the monuments of the Terrace; Volume 2 is dedicated to field work concerning the inhabited settlement at Persepolis West; Volume 3 is dedicated to field work in the area of Bagh-e Firuzi; Volume 4 is finally dedicated to the archaeometrical investigations on finds.
While Volume 2 is being published as a volume printed by the BAR publishing house in the BAR International Series (Askari Chaverdi and Callieri 2017), Volume 1 and Volume 4, due to the high number of colour illustrations necessary for publications in those disciplines, are published in digital format by the BraDyPUS publishing house.
Volume 3 will be only published after the end of the excavations of the gate at Tol-e Ajori, which are the object of of new MoU for the years 2014-2018 (Askari Chaverdi, Callieri and Matin 2014).
We wish to thank in this regard all the scholars who collaborated in the project: their names are listed in the report of each one of the activities. Without them, as without the skilled workers of the villages around Persepolis, these activities would not have been possible. The two directors of the Joint Missions tried their best to offer to each of these scholars the most suitable conditions for work and to integrate the results of these multidisciplinary activiti in a holistic view, basically finalised to the preservation of Persepolis World Heritage Sites in its archaeological context.
We have to thank the Institutions which between 2008 and 2013 made this project possible through scientific and financial support: in Italy the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Education, University and Scientific Research, the University of Bologna and its Department of Cultural Heritage, the Fondazione Flaminia-Ravenna, the Italian Institute for Africa and the Orient; in Iran the Research Institute for Cultural Heritage and Tourism of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the Iranian Centre for Archaeological Research, at the start of the project guided respectively by Dr Taha Hashemi and Prof. Hassan Fazeli Nashli and now by Seyyed Mohammad Beheshti and Dr Hamideh Choubak, as well as the Parsa-Pasargadae Research Foundation, guided at the time of the work by Dr Mohammad Hassan Talebian, the Shiraz University and the Embassy of Italy: to all of them our most sincere gratitude.

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