Tuesday, July 31, 2012

Underwater Museum: Kaş Arkeopark

Türkiye Sualtı Kültür Mirası Sanal Müzesi: Kaş Arkeopark Pilot Projesi
Türkiye Sualtı Kültür Mirası Sanal Müze Projesi  Başkent Üniversitesi Kültür ve Sanat Araştırmaları Merkezi (BÜKSAM) ve Sualtı Araştırmaları Derneği (SAD) tarafından ortak olarak 2007-2008 yıllarında gerçekleştirilmiştir.

Proje, TÜBİTAK Bilimsel ve Teknolojik Araştırma Projelerini Destekleme Programı kapsamındadır. Proje kapsamında yapılan araştırma dalışları T.C. Kültür ve Turizm Bakanlığı'nın izniyle yürütülmüştür.

Antik çağın en önemli deniz ticareti güzergahı üzerinde olan Türkiye'nin güney kıyıları, özellikle de Kaş-Kekova arasında yeralan bölge, son yıllarda dalış turizminin artması nedeniyle büyük oranda tahrip edilmektedir. Yitirilmekte olan bu kültür mirasının korunmasına yönelik disiplinlerarası bir araştırmacı grubu ile gerçekleştirilen projenin en büyük hedefi bölge halkının ve dalış gruplarının kültür mirasının korunmasına ilişkin bilinçlendirilmesi, bölgede Akdeniz ticaret ağına ilişkin bilgi sunan arkeolojik buluntuların (çoğunlukla amforalar) yerinde belgelenmesi ve görüntülenmesi, sualtı batıklarının araştırılması ve envanterlenmesi, sanal ortamda müzeleştirilmesi, arkeolojik ve kültürel tahribatın engellenmesi için yapılan çalışmalardan oluşmuştur.

İnsanlık tarihinin en erken batığı olan Akdeniz ticaretini ve kültürlerarası ilişkileri sunan M.Ö.14. yüzyıla  tarihlenen Uluburun Batığı Kaş'da bulunmuştur. Institute of Nautical Archaeology, Cemal Pulak tarafından 1984-94 yılları arasında kazılmıştır. Uluburun gemisine benzer bir gemi proje ortaklarınca yapılıp  Kaş, Hidayet koyunda batırılmıştır, ve bu alan deneysel arkeoloji alanı olarak, dünyanın ilk sualtı ARKEOPARK'ı olarak 29 Ekim 2006'da proje ortakları tarafından kurulmuştur. ARKEOPARK alanının uzaktan erişimli sualtı görüntülemeleri, 360 derece dolaşımı ve bu görüntülerin sanal müze uygulamaları projenin ana çalışmasını oluşturur.

Gelişen bilgi teknolojileriyle yeni müze anlayışı, 'sanal müze' adı altında, günümüz teknolojilerini de kullanarak sadece bulunduğu mekana bağlı olmayan web üzerinden erişimli bilgi akışı sağlayan bu sistem Proje sayesinde gerçekleştirilmiştir. ARKEOPARK alanı sualtı arkeolojisi için önemli bir eğitim alanıdır. Karelaj ve içinde yeralan buluntular (amforalar) arkeoloji öğrencileri için bir batığın yerinde “in situ” konumunu çalışma için ideal bir alan oluşturmaktadır. Deniz dibi ve saptanan batıklara ait diğer verilerin edinilmesi de araştırmanın ikincil ürünlerini oluşturmuştur.

Safaitic Database Online

Safaitic Database Online: Inscriptions and Rock Drawings from the Basalt Desert Rescue Survey
Welcome to the Ancient Arabia: Languages and Cultures database of inscriptions relating to the Basalt Desert Rescue Survey.

This database contains 3420 records of individual inscriptions along with over 6000 related photographs and 3000 tracings.

To search the database please click on the button above labelled 'Search the Database'.


Part of the Ancient Arabia: Languages and Cultures project at the Khalili Research Centre, University of Oxford

ASOR Annual Meeting Programs

ASOR Annual Meeting Academic and Business Meetings Schedule

    Annual Meeting Academic and Business Meetings Schedules

    2013 Academic Program Schedule -A PDF of the full Academic Program, including presenters and paper titles.
    2013 Business Meetings Schedule - This schedule includes business and committee meetings. Also available in PDF.
    2013 Schedule At-A-Glance - This schedule includes academic sessions. Also available in PDF.

    Previous Years

    2012 Academic Program Schedule
    2012 Business Meetings Schedule
    2011 Academic Program Schedule
    2011 Business Meetings Schedule
    2010 Academic Program Schedule
    2010 Business Meetings Schedule

      Emerging Project: Thinking Through Thucydides

      Thinking Through Thucydides (T3)
      The ancient Greek historian Thucydides famously claimed that his work would be ‘a possession for all time’: not just the history of a single war between the Athenians and the Spartans, but a guide to the way that the world works, and especially to politics and war.  He was right. Over the last two hundred years, Thucydides has been one of the most frequently quoted ancient writers. His ideas have influenced historians, politicians, international relations experts and soldiers; all agree that his work is useful and important.

      Thucydides does not offer simple lessons, but a training course in analysis and deliberation. He demands that his readers follow his narrative of events and think about how things could have turned out differently; he asks them to listen to opposing arguments and to weigh up the issues – and then to think about how those arguments relate what actually happened.  He shows how the world is complicated – and how we can make sense of that complexity. In brief, he aims to help his readers to develop the skills that every citizen of a democracy needs.

      The lessons that Thucydides offers are needed today more than ever. The problem is that his work is complex and difficult, even in the original Greek – and of course most readers have to rely on translations, often of dubious quality. The aim of the T3 project (Thinking Through Thucydides, or Thinking, Through Thucydides) is to make key passages from Thucydides' work accessible to as many people as possible, setting his words in context and explaining significant points. These passages can then serve as a resource for thinking about the world and our place in it, a starting-point for debate about some of the most vital issues that face us today.

      The project is at a very early stage of development; on this webpage you will find one sample passage of Thucydides (II.43, from the Funeral Oration) along with contextual material and key questions to discuss, to show you what we have in mind. We plan to develop this resource in partnership with schools, so that it can serve as a resource for the study of both Classical Civilisation and Citizenship, but we hope that this will be of interest to everyone. In due course we will be introducing a blog where you can post your comments and suggestions, and get involved in debates about the significance of passages; in the meantime, if you have any comments, or if you would like to be involved in developing this project, please contact Neville Morley (n.d.g.morley(at)bris.ac.uk).



      Monday, July 30, 2012

      Tell Leilan Project Online

      Tell Leilan Project
      http://leilan.yale.edu/pubs/images/banner.jpg
      From 1979 to the present, the Yale University Tell Leilan Project has been excavating at Tell Leilan, Syria ( Figure 1 ) and conducting systematic archaeological surface surveys in the Tell Leilan region. Tell Leilan is one of the largest archaeological sites in Syria and was one of the most important cities in Northern Mesopotamia during the second and third millennia BC, when it was known as Šehna and Šubat-Enlil. Today, the ancient city walls still rise five to fifteen meters above plains of northeastern Syria, enclosing an area of 90 hectares, nearly a square kilometer. The 15 hectare "Acropolis", the oldest and highest part of the site, founded about 5,000 BC, dominates the surrounding 65 hectare "Lower Town," which like the city wall dates to the urbanization of this settlement at ca. 2600 BC...
      Works in Progress







       
      Selected Publications

      Kaniewski, David, Elise van Campo and Harvey Weiss
      2012
      "Drought is a recurring challenge in the Middle East," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109.10: 3862-3867
      [ PDF - 1.5 MB ]
      Kaniewski, D., E. Van Campo, K. Van Lerberghe, T. Boiy, K. Vaansteenhuyse, G. Jans, K. Nys, H. Weiss, C. Morhange, T. Otto and J. Bretschneider
      2011
      "The Sea Peoples, from cuneiform tablets to carbon dating," PLoS ONE 6(6), e20232. doi:10.1371
      [ PDF - 1 MB ]
      Kaniewski, D., E. Van Campo, E. Paulissen, H. Weiss, J. Bakker , I. Rossignol. and K. Van Lerberghe K.
      2011
      "The Medieval Climate Anomaly and the Little Ice Age in coastal Syria inferred from pollen-derived palaeoclimatic patterns," Global and Planetary Change 78: 178-187
      Kaniewski, D., E. Van Campo, E. Paulissen, H. Weiss, T. Otto, J. Bakker, I. Rossignol and K. Van Lerberghe
      2011
      "Medieval coastal Syrian vegetation patterns in the principality of Antioch," The Holocene 21(2): 251-262
      [ PDF - 1 MB ]
      Weiss, Harvey
      2010
      "Altered Trajectories: The Intermediate Bronze Age," in A. Killebrew and M. Steiner, eds., The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of the Levant. Oxford University Press.
      [ PDF - 8 MB ]
      Kaniewski, D., E. Paulissen, E. Van Campo, H. Weiss, T. Otto, J. Bretschneider, and K. Van Lerberghe
      2010
      "Late second-early first millennium BC abrupt climate changes in coastal Syria and their possible significance for the history of the Eastern Mediterranean," Quaternary Research 74: 207-215.
      [ PDF - 1.0 MB ]
      Ristvet, Lauren and Harvey Weiss
      2010
      "Micro- and Macro-Contexts of the Tell Leilan Eastern Lower Town Palace Archives," in Jesper Eidem, The Royal Archives from Tell Leilan. Old Babylonian Letters and Treaties. H. Weiss, ed., Yale Tell Leilan Research 2. New Haven: Yale University Press. pp. xi-xlix.
      [ PDF - 3.0 MB ]

      Fig 1. Topo Plan [ JPEG - 387 KB ]
      Fig 2. N Mesop 1800 [ JPEG - 195 KB ]
      Fig 3. Eastern Lower Town Palace plan [ JPEG - 322 KB ]
      Fig 4. Eastern Lower Town Palace isometric [ JPEG - 247 KB ]
      Fig 14. Tablet excavation in process, Building Level 2 [ JPEG - 929 KB ]
      Fig 15. Administrative tablets in situ, Room 22 floor, Building Level 2 [ JPEG - 851 KB ]
      Fig 18. Leilan Region Survey Period IIc [ JPEG - 283 KB ]
      Fig 19. Leilan Region Survey Period I [ JPEG - 324 KB ]
      Fig 20. Possible Nomadic Encampments of Period I [ JPEG - 660 KB ]
      Fig 21. Paleoclimate proxy records for 4.2kaBP and 5.2kaBP abrupt climate change events [ JPEG - 535 KB]
      Risvet, L.
      2008
      "Legal and archaeological territories of the second millennium BC in northern Mesopotamia," Antiquity, 82 (2008). pp. 585-599.
      [ PDF - 2.0 MB ]
      Risvet, L.
      2007
      "The Third Millennium City Wall at Tell Leilan, Syria: Identity, Authority and Urbanism," in J. Bretschneider, J. Driessen and K. Vanlerberghe, eds., Monumental Public Architecrure in the Bronze Age Near East and Aegean. Leuven: Peters, pp. 183-212.
      [ PDF - 509.0 KB ]
      F. de Lillis Forest, L. Milano and L. Mori
      2007
      "The Akkadian Occupation in the Northwest Area of the Tell Leilan Acropolis", KASKAL Volume 4, 2007.
      [ PDF - 9.3 MB ]
      Staubwasser, Michael and Harvey Weiss
      2006
      "Holocene Climate and Cultural Evolution in Late Prehistoric-Early Historic West Asia," in M. Staubwasser and H. Weiss, eds., Holocene Climate and Cultural Evolution in Late Prehistoric-Early Historic West Asia. Quaternary Research (special issue) Volume 66, Issue 3 (November), pp. 372-387.
      [ PDF - 2.0 MB ]

      Table 1 [ JPEG - 136 KB ]
      Risvet, L.
      2005
      "Settlement, Economy, and Society in the Tell Leilan Region, Syria, 3000-1000 BC," PhD Dissertation, University of Cambridge, July 22, 2005.
      [ PDF - 23.9 MB ]
      Ristvet, L. and H. Weiss
      2005
      "The Häbür Region in the Late Third and Early Second Millennium B.C.," in Winfried Orthmann, ed., The History and Archaeology of Syria. Vol. 1. Saarbrucken: Saarbrucken Verlag.
      [ PDF - 3.2 MB ]

      Fig 1. Ancient North Mesop map [ PDF - 172 KB ]
      Fig 2. Habur surveys map [ PDF - 248 KB ]
      Fig 3. Van Oman Soreq [ PDF - 80 KB ]
      Fig 4. LRS Period IIb [ PDF - 100 KB ]
      Fig 5. Period IIc [ PDF - 112 KB ]
      Fig 6. Period I [ PDF - 124 KB ]
      Fig 7. LRS Histogram [ PDF - 48 KB ]
      Fig 8. Tell Taya Stratigraphy [ PDF - 516 KB ]
      Fig 9. Sagir Bazar Old Babylonian closely packed domestic quarters [ PDF - 72 KB ]
      Fig 10. Lyonnet survey [ PDF - 128 KB ]
      Fig 11. Baidar survey [ PDF - 168 KB ]
      Fig 12. Acrop Pd I BL II facade [ JPEG - 260 KB ]
      Fig 13. Lower Town Palace East isometric [ PDF - 1.6 KB ]
      Fig 14. LRS Period 0 [ PDF - 108 KB ]
      Fig 15. LRS 186 Farfara [ PDF - 72 KB ]
      Francesca deLillis-Forrest, Lucia Mori, Thomas Guilderson and Harvey Weiss
      2004
      "The Akkadian Administration on the Tell Leilan Acropolis" 4ICAANE Berlin March 29-April 3, 2004 Tell Leilan Project Poster Presentations
      [ JPEG - 1.1 MB ]   [ Flash ]
      Walter Sommerfeld, Alfonso Archi and Harvey Weiss
      2004
      "Why 'Dada Measured 40,000 Liters of Barley from Nagar for Sippar'" 4ICAANE Berlin March 29-April 3, 2004 Tell Leilan Project Poster Presentations
      [ JPEG - 941 KB ]   [ Flash ]
      Ristvet, Lauren, Thomas Guilderson and Harvey Weiss
      2004
      The Dynamics of State Development and Imperialization at Third Millennium Tell Leilan, Syria In Orient Express Vol. 21, No 2.
      [ HTML ]   [ PDF - 496.0 KB ]
      Weiss, Harvey
      2003
      Ninevite 5 Periods and Processes. In The origins of North Mesopotamian civilization: Ninevite 5 chronology, economy, society. Brussels: Brepols. E. Rova and H. Weiss, editors.
      [ PDF - 1.7 MB ]

      Fig 8. Ninevite 5 Absolute Chronology [ PDF - 12.0 KB ]
      Fig 10. Tell Leilan Survey Period IV--LC 5 (ca. 3400-3000 BC) [ PDF - 132.0 KB ]
      Fig 11. Tell Leilan Survey Period IV--Southern Uruk (ca. 3400-3000 BC) [ PDF - 132.0 KB ]
      Fig 12. Tell Leilan Survey Period IIIa (ca. 3000-2900 BC) [ PDF - 175.0 KB ]
      Fig 13. 5.2 ka BP Abrupt Climate Change [ PDF - 84.0 KB ]
      Blackman, M. James
      2003
      Chemical Characterization of Tablets, Sealing Clays, and Source Clays from Tell Leilan, Syria In The origins of North Mesopotamian civilization: Ninevite 5 chronology, economy, society. Brussels: Brepols. E. Rova and H. Weiss, editors.
      [ PDF - 744.0 KB ]
      Wetterstrom, Wilma
      2003
      Ninevite 5 Period Agriculture at Tell Leilan: Preliminary Results In The origins of North Mesopotamian civilization: Ninevite 5 chronology, economy, society. Brussels: Brepols. E. Rova and H. Weiss, editors.
      [ PDF - 984 KB ]
      van Gijn, Annelou
      2003
      The Ninevite 5 Chipped Stone Assemblage from Tell Leilan: Preliminary Results In The origins of North Mesopotamian civilization: Ninevite 5 chronology, economy, society. Brussels: Brepols. E. Rova and H. Weiss, editors.
      [ PDF - 1.2 MB ]
      Parayre, Dominique
      2003
      The Ninevite 5 Sequence of Glyptic at Tell Leilan In The origins of North Mesopotamian civilization: Ninevite 5 chronology, economy, society. Brussels: Brepols. E. Rova and H. Weiss, editors.
      [ PDF - 2.1 MB ]
      Rova, Elena
      2003
      Glyptic Evidence 1993-1999 from Tell Leilan IIa-IIb Periods
      [ HTML ]
      Weiss, Harvey
      2002
      "Akkadian Empire" in Peter Peregrine and Melvin Ember, eds., Encyclopedia of Prehistory. vol 8. HRAF / Kluwer.
      [ PDF - 500 KB ]
      Weiss, Harvey, Francesca deLillis, Dominique deMoulins, Jesper Eidem, Thomas Guilderson, Ulla Kasten, Torben Larsen, Lucia Mori, Lauren Ristvet, Elena Rova, and Wilma Wetterstrom
      2002
      Revising the contours of history at Tell Leilan. Annales Archeologiques Arabes Syriennes, Cinquantenaire. vol. 45, pp. 59-74.
      [ PDF - 128.0 KB ]

      Fig. 7. Table 1. Cultivated taxa within Tell Leilan flotation samples (W. Wetterstrom) [ PDF - 8.0 KB ]
      Fig. 8. Period II-III pooled paleobotanical samples (W. Wetterstrom) [ PDF - 8.0 KB ]
      Fig. 9. Periods IIIa-b, IIId, IIa, IIb paleobotanical samples (W. Wetterstrom) [ PDF - 8.0 KB ]
      Fig. 10. Leilan IIb Acropolis last floor weighted average, calibrated, 8 barley (1 harvest) radiocarbon samples [ PDF - 16.0 KB ]
      Fig. 11. Leilan regional survey, period IIb [ PDF - 216.0 KB ]
      Fig. 12. Leilan regional survey, period "IIc" [ PDF - 212.0 KB ]
      Fig. 13. Leilan regional survey, period I [ PDF - 224.0 KB ]
      Weiss, Harvey and Raymond S. Bradley
      2001
      What drives societal collapse? Science, 291: 609-610.
      [ PDF - 2.1 MB ]
      deMenocal, Peter B.
      2001
      Cultural responses to climate change during the late Holocene. Science, 292: 667-673.
      [ PDF - 748.0 KB ]
      Weiss, Harvey
      2000
      Beyond the younger Dryas: Collapse as adaptation to abrupt climate change in ancient West Asia and the Eastern Mediterranean. In Environmental disaster and the archaeology of human response, Edited by Garth Bawden and Richard Martin Reycraft. Maxwell Museum of Anthropology, Anthropological Papers, No. 7: 75-95.
      [ PDF - 8.1 MB ]
      Ristvet, Lauren and Harvey Weiss
      2000
      Imperial responses to environmental dynamics at the late Third Millennium Tell Leilan. Orient Express, 4:94-99.
      [ PDF - 1.2 MB ]
      Cullen, H. M., P.B. deMenocal, S. Hemming, G. Hemming, F. H. Brown, T. Guilderson, F. Sirocko
      2000
      Climate change and the collapse of the Akkadian empire: Evidence from the deep sea. Geology, 28: 379-382.
      [ PDF - 388.0 KB ]
      Weiss, Harvey
      1996
      Rosen-Weiss Letter-Rejoinder. The Sciences
      [ PDF - 1.1 MB ]
      Weiss, Harvey
      1994
      Desert Storm. The Sciences
      [ PDF - 2.3 MB ]
      Weiss, Harvey, M.A. Courty, W. Wellerstrom, F. Guichard, L. Senior, R. Meadow, and A. Currow
      1993
      The genesis and collapse of Third Millennium north Mesopotamian Civilization. Science, 291: 995-1088.
      [ PDF - 7.0 MB ]
      Weiss, Harvey and Marie-Agnès Courty
      1993
      The Genesis and Collapse of the Akkadian Empire, in M. Liverani, ed., Akkad the First World Empire: Structure, Ideology, Traditions. Padua: Sargon. pp. 131-155.
      [ PDF - 5.5 MB ]
      Senior, L. and Weiss, Harvey
      1992
      Tell Leilan sila-bowls and the Akkadian Reorganization of Subarian Agro-production. Orient-Express, 1992.2:16-24.
      [ PDF - 1 MB ]
      Weiss, Harvey
      1990
      Tell Leilan 1989: New Data for Mid-Third Millennium Urbanization and State Formation. Mitteilungen der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft zu Berlin, 122:193-218.
      [ PDF - 1.5 MB ]
      Weiss, Harvey
      1985
      Tell Leilan on the Habur Plains of Syria, Biblical Archaeologist, 48.1: 5-34.
      [ PDF - 8.5 MB ]
      Weiss, Harvey and T. Cuyler Young, Jr.
      1975
      Merchants of Susa: Godin V and plateau-lowland relations in the late Fourth Millennium BC. Iran, 10:1-17.
      [ PDF - 16.5 MB ]






      Open Access Journal: Filología Neotestamentaria

      Filología Neotestamentaria
      The FILOLOGÍA NEOTESTAMENTARIA journal is the result of initiative taken at the Chair of Greek Philology of the Department of Antiquities of the University of Córdoba, Spain. Within its Scope lies every aspect of New Testament Greek philology, namely textual criticism, grammar, semantics, lexicography and eventually semiotics and its relationship with Classical or Hellenistic Greek. It is published in Córdoba (Spain) by EDICIONES EL ALMENDRO DE CÓRDOBA, SL once a year (September). 

      Open Access Journal: Journal of the Association for History and Computing

      Journal of the Association for History and Computing
      This journal is sponsored by the American Association for History and Computing (AAHC), organized at a conference held in Cincinnati in January 1996. The AAHC aspires to promote and develop interest in the use of computers in all types of historical study at every level, in both teaching and research. We believe that computers and computing are rapidly changing important elements of the work of historians and students of history, constituting a major transformation in the way knowledge is created and communicated. A major goal of this journal is to help define useful standards to maximize the utility of computers in historical studies. 

      We welcome contributions from those interested in issues or resources related to history and computing. This journal contains peer-reviewed articles intended as a contribution to this field, and some peer-reviewed works-in-progress intended to solicit thoughtful criticism.

      Sunday, July 29, 2012

      All Unicode Characters

      Codepoints
      Codepoints.net is dedicated to all the characters, that are defined in the Unicode Standard. Theoretically, these should be all characters ever used. In practice Unicode has 110181 codepoints defined at the moment, mapping characters from Egyptian Hieroglyphs to Dingbats and Symbols.
      All codepoints are arranged in 16 so-called planes. These planes are further divided into several blocks with Basic Latin being the first one. You can browse one by one by starting with the first codepoint, 0000 or search for a specific character. If you’re not fully sure, try “Find My Codepoint”, to narrow down the candidates. Or maybe you are more daring and want a random codepoint

      The content on this website reflects the information found in
      The Unicode Consortium.
      The Unicode Standard, Version 6.1.0, (Mountain View, CA: The Unicode Consortium, 2012. ISBN 978-1-936213-02-3)
      http://www.unicode.org/versions/Unicode6.1.0/
      ,
      which happens to be the most relevant version of the Unicode Standard as of June, 2012. 
      Browse Codepoints by Script
      Arabic Imperial Aramaic Armenian Avestan Balinese Bamum Batak Bengali Bopomofo Brahmi Braille Buginese Buhid Chakma Canadian Aboriginal Carian Cham Cherokee Coptic Cypriot Cyrillic Devanagari Deseret Egyptian Hieroglyphs Ethiopic Georgian Glagolitic Gothic Greek Gujarati Gurmukhi Hangul Han Hanunoo Hebrew Hiragana Katakana Or Hiragana Old Italic Javanese Kayah Li Katakana Kharoshthi Khmer Kannada Kaithi Tai Tham Lao Latin Lepcha Limbu Linear B Lisu Lycian Lydian Mandaic Meroitic Cursive Meroitic Hieroglyphs Malayalam Mongolian Meetei Mayek Myanmar Nko Ogham Ol Chiki Old Turkic Oriya Osmanya Phags Pa Inscriptional Pahlavi Phoenician Miao Inscriptional Parthian Rejang Runic Samaritan Old South Arabian Saurashtra Shavian Sharada Sinhala Sora Sompeng Sundanese Syloti Nagri Syriac Tagbanwa Takri Tai Le New Tai Lue Tamil Tai Viet Telugu Tifinagh Tagalog Thaana Thai Tibetan Ugaritic Vai Old Persian Cuneiform Yi Inherited Common Unknown

      Saturday, July 28, 2012

      The Globalization of Knowledge

      The Globalization of Knowledge
      Jürgen Renn (ed)

      Preface Jürgen Renn
      About the Contributions
      World Map – Chapter Overview
      About the Contributors

      1 The Globalization of Knowledge in History: An Introduction Jürgen Renn and Malcolm D. Hyman

      2 Knowledge and Science in Current Discussions of Globalization Helge Wendt and Jürgen Renn

      3 Survey: From Technology Transfer to the Origins of Science Malcolm D. Hyman and Jürgen Renn

      4 Technological Transfer and Innovation in Ancient Eurasia Daniel T. Potts

      5 Writing, Language and Textuality: Conditions for the Transmission of Knowledge in the Ancient Near East Eva Cancik-Kirschbaum

      6 The Origins of Writing and Arithmetic Peter Damerow

      7 Globalization of Ancient Knowledge: From Babylonian Observations to Scientific Regularities Gerd Graßhoff
      8 The Creation of Second-Order Knowledge in Ancient Greek Science as a Process in the Globalization of Knowledge Mark Schiefsky

      9 Survey: Knowledge as a Fellow Traveler Jürgen Renn

      10 The Spread of Buddhism as Globalization of Knowledge Jens Braarvig

      11 The Transmission of Scientific Knowledge from Europe to China in the Early Modern Period Matthias Schemmel

      12 Normative Islam and Global Scientific Knowledge Birgit Krawietz

      13 From Khwarazm to Cordoba: The Propagation of Non-Religious Knowledge in the Islamic Empire Gotthard Strohmaier

      14 The Sciences in Europe: Transmitting Centers and the Appropriating Peripheries Manolis Patiniotis and Kostas Gavroglu

      15 The Naturalization of Modern Science in South Asia: A Historical Overview of the Processes of Domestication and Globalization Dhruv Raina

      16 Survey: The Place of Local Knowledge in the Global Community Jürgen Renn

      17 Taking China to the World, Taking the World to China: Chen Hengzhe and an Early Globalizing Project Denise Gimpel

      18 The Introduction of the European University System in Brazil Oscar Abdounur and Adriana Cesar de Mattos

      19 Celestial Navigation and Technological Change on Moce Island Jarita C. Holbrook

      20 Translation of Central Banking to Developing Countries in the Post-World War II Period: The Case of the Bank of Israel Arie Krampf

      21 On Juridico-Political Foundations of Meta-Codes Richard Rottenburg

      22 The (Ir)Relevance of Local Knowledge: Circuits of Medicine and Biopower in the Neoliberal Era Hansjörg Dilger

      23 The Transformations of Knowledge Through Cultural Interactions in Brazil: The Case of the Tupinikim and the Guarani Circe Mary Silva da Silva and Ligia Arantes Sad

      24 Survey: The Globalization of Modern Science Jürgen Renn and Malcolm D. Hyman

      25 The University of the 21st Century: An Aspect of Globalization Yehuda Elkana

      26 The Soviet Psychologists and the Path to International Psychology Ludmila Hyman

      27 The Global Diffusion of Nuclear Technology Angelo Baracca

      28 The Role of Open and Global Communication in Particle Physics Hans Falk Hoffmann

      29 Internationalism and the History of Molecular Biology Hans-Jörg Rheinberger

      30 The Role of Chemistry in the Global Energy Challenge Robert Schlögl

      31 Climate Change as a Global Challenge – and its Implications for Knowledge Generation and Dissemination Daniel Klingenfeld and Hans Joachim Schellnhuber

      32 Toward an Epistemic Web Malcolm D. Hyman and Jürgen Renn